Agriculture

Investigations on the pattern of linkage disequilibrium and selection signatures in the genomes of German Piétrain pigs
The aim of this study was to study the population structure, to characterize the LD structure and to define core regions based on low recombination rates among SNP pairs in the genome of Piétrain pigs using data from the PorcineSNP60 BeadChip. This breed is a European sire line and was strongly selected for lean meat content during the last decades. The data were used to map signatures of sele...


Responding to environmental regulations through collaborative arrangements: Social aspects of manure partnerships in Denmark
In livestock-intensive regions of Europe, on-farm application of manure and other fertilisers is being increasingly regulated to protect aquatic environments. This study examined collaborative arrangements between intensive livestock farms in Denmark with surplus manure and farms requiring crop nutrients, in order to manage the manure resource at landscape scale and comply with environmental re...
Rice Price Increases Fail to Cheer Vietnam Farmers
Vietnam rice farmers are not in a position to take advantage of the increasing rice prices and are blaming the Vietnam Food Association (VFA) for their plight. They say the VFA has not guided then properly regarding the market demands and prices, according to local sources.


Guyana Rice Sector Plagued by High Production Costs, Says Agriculture Minister
High production costs and the government's inability to find right markets for its rice exports are deterring the growth of Guyana's rice sector, according to the Agriculture Minister, report local sources.
Philippines Domestic Rice Prices Reach Record High in January - June 2014
Average domestic rice prices in the Philippines has reached a record high during the first six-month period of 2014, highest since January 2011.


Ion transport in broad bean leaf mesophyll under saline conditions
Main conclusionSalt stress reduces the ability of mesophyll tissue to respond to light. Potassium outward rectifying channels are responsible for 84 % of Na+induced potassium efflux from mesophyll cells.Modulation in ion transport of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) mesophyll to light under increased apoplastic salinity stress was investigated using vibrating ion-selective microelectrodes (the MIFE ...
Inverse modelling of cosmic-ray soil moisture for field-scale soil hydraulic parameters
We used inverse modelling techniques and soil moisture measured by the cosmic-ray neutron sensing (CRS) to estimate root-zone soil hydraulic properties at the field scale. A HYDRUS-1D model was developed for inverse modelling and calibrated with parameter estimation software (PEST) using a global optimizer. Integral CRS measurements recorded from a sunflower farm in Germany comprised the model ...

Genetic relationships between ferralsols, podzols and white kaolin in Amazonia
White kaolin has frequently been observed to be associated with ferralsol-podzol soil systems in Amazonia. In order to evaluate whether such systems favour kaolin genesis and to identify the associated genetic processes, we studied soil organization, mineralogy and groundwater properties of a ferralsol-podzol soil system with white kaolin located in the High Rio Negro Basin, Brazil. We found th...
Variation in composition of pre-grazed pasture herbage in the United Kingdom, 2006 to 2012
A total of 8814 samples of pre-grazed herbage samples was analysed by near infrared spectroscopy calibrated against wet chemistry between March 2006 and October 2012. There were decreasing trends over the seven-year period in annual mean crude protein (CP) and nitrates (NO3). Within years, median values for dry matter (DM), water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) and metabolisable energy (ME) tended ...

China Demands Sanitary, Phyto-Sanitary Agreement on Rice Standards with Myanmar
The Chinese government is demanding a formal sanitary and phyto-sanitary agreement on rice standards with Myanmar, according to local sources.
India Basmati Rice Production Thrives, Despite Weak Monsoons
Basmati rice is largely a rain fed crop and its cultivation period is short and lies between June and August when India gets monsoon rains.

The Perfect Pair: Integrating Rice Farming with Aquaculture in Bangladesh
For rice farmers, spotting fish in their flooded paddy fields is common. Wild stocks of fish have always prospered in the aquatic environment of paddy fields and rice farmers have benefited from the unexpected fish catch.
Haiti Should Go Back to Its 'Roots'
Haiti has become dependent on rice imports but rather than promoting local rice production which will become more vulnerable to climate change, Haiti should consider going back to growing its traditional root crops like yams and less thirsty grains like sorghum.
Old Crop Prices Hold Steady as Domestic Buyers Cover Needs
As of today, old crop offers could still be seen near $15.00 per cwt fob farm (about $331 per ton) for July-August shipment while others sellers hold out for around $16.00 per cwt fob farm (about $355 per ton).
The attractiveness of flowering herbaceous plants to bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) and hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) in agro-ecosystems of Central Spain
Habitat management, with the aim of conserving pollinators in agro-ecosystems, requires the selection of the most suitable floral species in terms of their attractiveness to pollinators and a simplicity of agronomic management. A randomized block design including 12 herbaceous plants was used to study their attractiveness to pollinators (insect visitation), their attractiveness efficiency (a co...