Agriculture

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures in Ethiopia
Ethiopia has been identified as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate variability and change, and is frequently faced with climate-related hazards, commonly drought and floods. The variability of rain fall and the increasing temperature were a cause for frequent drought and famine, and putting disastrous impact on the livelihood of the peoples.  At the national level, World Bank sugg...


Millet the Promising Crop of the Climate Change
Climate has been causing serious environmental hazards ranging from low soil water, erosion, droughts, and high temperatures in agrarian rain fed areas Nigeria which the resource poor farmers are not able to cope with as a result of poverty and low technological development. It is projected that crop yield in this area may fall by 10-20% by 2050 or even up to 50% due to climate change. Large po...
A Review on Potential Toxicity of Artificial Sweetners vs Safety of Stevia: A Natural Bio-Sweetner
Artificial sweeteners have increasingly become an area of controversy in the world of food and nutrition. Consumers are oftenly barraged with a number of contradictory opinions and reports regarding the safety and efficacy of sweeteners. Artificial sweetener consumption may cause migraines or headache, skin eruptions, muscle dysfunction, depression, weight gain, liver and kidney effects, multip...


Row Spacing and Fertilizer Rate on Yield and Yield Components of Tef Eragrostis Teff (Zucc.) Trotter) under Transplanting Planting Method
Low productivity of tef in Amahara region is mainly attributed to lack of improved agronomic practices. Broadcast method of sowing has been predominantly used in the past years and new agronomic practices should be in place to increase the productivity of the crop. Transplanting young tef seedlings is one of the promising planting techniques proved to boost the yield of tef.  An experiment was...
Molecular Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolated from Tuberculous Lymphadenitis Patients at Dessie Private Hospitals, Northern Ethiopia
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that has major global public health problem. Tuberculous lymphadenitis is among the most common presentations of extra pulmonary tuberculous in developing countries. Although the incidence of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis (TBLN) is rising in different regions of Ethiopia, the incriminated mycobacterium species and strains have been rarely characterized. Th...


Heritability Estimate of Yield Related Traits in Mungbean at Two Locations
Performance of 17 mungbean genotypes was tested at two diverse environments (Swat and Peshawar) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan during 2012 to study heritability estimate of yield related triats in mungbean. Data were taken on pods plant-1, pod length, seeds pod-1, 100-seed weight, seed yield. Pooled analysis of variance across locations revealed significant differences among the two locations ...
Yield and Yield Components of Pepper (Capsicum Annuum L.) as Influenced by Stage and Intensity of Reproductive Organs Pruning at Humbo, Southern Ethiopia
Field experiment was conducted on farmer’s field from 2009 to 2010 at Humbo, Southern Ethiopia, to assess the effects of stage and intensity of reproductive organs pruning on yield and yield component of pepper. Four levels of pruning (control, one-reproductive organ, two-reproductive organs and three-reproductive organs) and three stages of pruning (bud, anthesis and fruit set), were arrange...

Patients Experience in X-Ray Exposures in Some Hospitals in Southern Ghana
The use of X-ray and other ionizing radiations for diagnostic, interventional and treatment purposes requires strict guidelines and restrictions in order not to put patients, operators of the equipment and the public at risk either directly or indirectly. This study was to independently ascertain if patients exposed to X-ray for either diagnostic or interventional purposes are taken through the...
Immunization Status of Children with Chronic Neurological Disorders in Enugu, Nigeria
Children with chronic neurological disorders face several issues in common reflecting the chronic nature of the illness, which may put these children at risk of under immunization.  To assess the immunization coverage rates of children with CND seen at University Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu. Only 168 children aged 6months-5years who met the selection criteria and attending the Pedia...

Nutritional Evaluation of Some Selected Spices Commonly Used in the South-Eastern Part of Nigeria
Proximate composition, vitamin contents and mineral contents of four commonly used spices in the south-eastern part of Nigeria were investigated. The spices are Myristicafragrans, Rosmarinus officinalis, Monodora myristica and Piper guineense.. Proximate analysis showed moisture contents of 10.83% in Rosmarinus officinalis, 12.78% in Monodora myristica and  12.35% in piper guineense .crude fib...
Production Challenges and Sustainability of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Zimbabwe
Smallholder irrigation schemes in most developing countries, including Zimbabwe have proved to be unsustainable beyond external assistance. The history of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe indicate these irrigation schemes suffered considerable neglect and were a mixture of success and failure during the post independence era. Their importance in the semi-arid regions cannot be over em...

Molecular Characterization of Guava Landraces in Kenya (Western and South Coast)
Guava (Psidium guajavaL) is native to tropical areas of America where it exists as wild and cultivated. Guava has been used as source of food and in development of pharmaceuticals. Preliminarily molecular characterization has been used for the characterization of guava germplasm but molecular characterization of Kenyan guava has not been carried out. A study was carried out in 6 sites of Wester...
A Comparative Study of Woody Plant Species Diversity at Adey Amba Enclosed Forest and Nearby Open Site in West Belessa District, Northwestern Ethiopia
The study was carried out to evaluate woody species diversity comparatively on enclosed forest and open site in North Western highlands of Ethiopia. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data from 36 quadrants. Each quadrant has 20 m x 20 m size with an interval of 100 m which was laid along four transect lines. Within each quadrant, vegetation data such as seedlings, saplin...
Rate of Gully Expansion on Major Land Uses, the Case of Huluka Watershed, Central Rift Valley, Ethiopia
Gully erosion is among the many phenomenon which has been interweaving the socio economic and environmental issues of Ethiopians. Actions have been taken to address the problem inadequately. This study was thus aimed at determining the distribution and expansion rates of gullies on the major land cover – land uses in Huluka watershed. This was achieved through collecting historic land cover ...
Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger on the Micro Anatomy of the Testis of Adult Wistar Rats
Ginger rhizome (Zingiber Officinale Rosco, family: Zingiberaceae) is used medicinally, it is known to have both nutritional and medicinal value. This study is to determine the effect of ethanolic extra of the rhizome of ginger on the microanatomy of the testis. Twenty five male Wistar rats were selected and randomly divided into control group and experimental group. The control group was furthe...