Society

Smart contradictions: The politics of making Barcelona a Self-sufficient city
In recent years, the Smart City has become a very popular concept amongst policy makers and urban planners. In a nutshell, the Smart City refers to projects and planning strategies that aim to join up new forms of inclusive and low-carbon economic growth based on the knowledge economy through the deployment of information and communication technologies. However, at the same time as new urban Sm...


Laboratoire d’excellence TransferS
Initiés en 2010, les Laboratoires d’Excellence ont pour objectif de doter de moyens significatifs des unités de recherche à visibilité internationale. Dans ce cadre, TransferS rassemble autour de la question des transferts culturels, l’ensemble des laboratoires de Sciences Humaines et Sociales de l’École normale supérieure, ses bibliothèques littéraires et deux unités du Collège...
Transnational Entrepreneurs and Drug War Violence Between Ciudad Juárez and El Paso
The Mexico-U. S. border was disproportionately impacted by the 2006 drug war violence and the 2008 global economic downturn that affected borderlands regions like Ciudad Juárez in Mexico and El Paso in the United States. This article explores the negative cross-border externalities associated with drug war violence, crime, and the economic downturn in Ciudad Juárez that interlocked to force e...


Positive Feelings at School: On the Relationships Between Students’ Character Strengths, School-Related Affect, and School Functioning
The present study was designed to examine the relationships between students’ character strengths, school-related affect, positive school functioning (i.e., motivation to learn, interest, and engagement at class), and school achievement following the “engine model of well-being” that is focusing on inputs (e.g., personality traits), processes (e.g., moods, emotions), and outcomes (e.g., e...
Evaluation of environmental impact assessment report preparation and public participation in landfill projects in Nepal
This study examined the effectiveness of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in landfill development projects for Kathmandu Valley municipalities in Nepal using a survey, focus group interviews, expert interviews, and observations. The study found that EIA reports are often prepared by incompetent contractors that are not accredited and the reports are poor in quality, too technical, mostly p...


What makes biological organisation teleological?
This paper argues that biological organisation can be legitimately conceived of as an intrinsically teleological causal regime. The core of the argument consists in establishing a connection between organisation and teleology through the concept of self-determination: biological organisation determines itself in the sense that the effects of its activity contribute to determine its own conditio...
The universal core of knowledge
Many epistemologists think we can derive important theoretical insights by investigating the English word ‘know’ or the concept it expresses. However, native English speakers make up less than 6 % of the world’s population, and some empirical evidence suggests that the concept of knowledge is culturally relative. So why should we think that facts about the word ‘know’ or the concept ...

The Implementation of the National Professional Standard for K-12 Teachers, 2012 (NPST) at Regional and Local Level in China: A Case Study of Regional Teacher Professional Development Standards Implementation in Qingyang District, Chengdu, China
The Ministry of Education of P. R. China published National Professional Standards for K-12 Teachers (NPST) in 2012. Guiding by the standards and the recommendations for its implementation, provincial and municipal governments across China have carried out education reforms, focusing on institution and mechanism innovation, in order to realize the regulation and guidance role of the national st...
A New Thought of Sports Law Based on Comparative Analysis
In order to determine the reasonableness of the various theories of Sports law, to clarify the various relationships as for Sports Law and to form a more complete theoretical framework of Sports Law, this paper ventures to analyze the different points of view from different schools of theory, concept, nature and characteristics of Sports Law applying Comparative Analysis so as to redefine the c...

TU ‘Earth’ in Five-Elements Theory: From the Perspective of Conceptual Metonymies and Metaphors
Metonymy and metaphor, two important concepts of cognitive linguistics, have been studied for a long time. They are the way people cognitive the world. However, how they work in Chinese language? How they work in Chinese Five Element Theory? Few people have done those studies. This paper is studying one of the Five-elements theory TU “Earth” from the perspective of conceptual metonymy and m...
D2L Learning Management System in America: It’s Character and It’s Inspiration Towards Online Education of China
After 20th century 90s, online education becomes popular all around the world. Along with the development of information technology, online education starts to affect traditional education and learning methods. In this era which is new media frequently used while interaction and participation, it deeply changed the learning activity essence and form. America, as one the example of mature online...

Practice and Reflection on High-Level Personnel Training and Introduction: A Case Study of Changchun University of Science & Technology
The great cause is based on education, and education is based on human resource. Human resource is the primary resource to revitalize education. To implement the strategy of strengthening the powers and influences of universities based on human resource is the most critical factor to create a high-level university. In this paper, on the basis of the current conditions of human resources in Chan...
Attachment to Community and Civic and Political Engagement: A Case Study of Students
Youth's low level of civic and political engagement may detrimentally affect the health of communities and the democratic system. This paper examines the role of community attachment in explaining youth's levels of civic and engagement. This examination requires an evaluation of existing measures of community attachment and their relevance for understanding youth's experiences. The paper uses a...
In Control or Fatalistically Ruled? The Sense of Mastery among Working Canadians
Using data from a 2011 nationally representative sample of Canadian workers (N = 5,576), the present study evaluates the social–structural determinants of the sense of mastery. Three main contributions emerge. First, we document that each of the main components of socioeconomic status—education, income, occupation, and economic hardship—have distinct total, indirect, and net associations ...
Lasting Disadvantage? Comparing Career Trajectories of Matched Temporary and Permanent Workers in Canada
Is the economic insecurity associated with temporary employment transitory or lasting? What accounts for differences in medium-run earnings trajectories for workers first observed in temporary and permanent jobs? Although there is now a considerable body of research investigating mobility outcomes for temporary workers, most studies focus on single transition points and pay little attention to ...