Society

Searching for continuity and connections: Narratives of belonging from a post-industrial city
This case study explores how a group of college graduates in their late 20s who all grew up in a small, economically depressed New England city conceptualized and organized their transitions into adulthood. The central question is how these young adults navigated between expectations of individualistic trajectories of social mobility, self-realization, and geographic mobility on the one hand an...


Industrial citizenship, cosmopolitanism and European integration
There has been an explosion of interest in the idea of European Union citizenship in recent years, as a defining example of postnational cosmopolitan citizenship potentially replacing or layered on top of national citizenship. We argue this form of EU citizenship undermines industrial citizenship, which is a crucial support for social solidarity on which other types of citizenship are based. Be...
The Impact of Mixing Modes on Reliability in Longitudinal Studies
Mixed-mode designs are increasingly important in surveys, and large longitudinal studies are progressively moving to or considering such a design. In this context, our knowledge regarding the impact of mixing modes on data quality indicators in longitudinal studies is sparse. This study tries to ameliorate this situation by taking advantage of a quasi-experimental design in a longitudinal surve...


Delivering improved initial embodied energy efficiency during construction
Energy use during the material, transportation and construction phases up to project practical completion is known as initial embodied energy. Contractors have the opportunity to capture initial embodied energy data and influence performance due to their significant involvement in project procurement and delivery. In this case study practical challenges and opportunities were addressed for deli...
Effect of built-up ratio on the variation of air temperature in a heritage city
Urbanization in tropics has altered the microclimate of cities over the past decades. Malacca is a historical city in Malaysia that has been under immense urban growth since 2008 when the city was listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO. This study aimed to examine the effects of urbanization on the microclimate of Malacca by quantifying the ratio of built-up areas in two prominent areas of t...


Experimental investigation of the thermal isolation and evaporative cooling effects of an exposed shallow-water-reserved roof under the sub-tropical climatic condition
The aim of the paper is to experimentally investigate the thermal isolation and water evaporation effects of an exposed, shallow-water-reserved roof incorporating an impounding reservoir. This involved a brief theoretical analysis of the heat and mass transfer process associated with the water-reserved roof and most importantly, the dedicated measurement to the selected building roof in Guangzh...
A GIS model for personal exposure to PM10 for Dublin commuters
The goal of the research presented here is to generate a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) model for personal exposure to particulate matter (PM10) experienced by the inhabitants of Dublin while commuting to work. The pollutants concentrations in the Great Dublin area are calculated with various modelling tools built-in in a GIS environment. The inclusion of various pollutants dispersion mod...

Re-Assessment of National Energy Codes in Jordan in Terms of Energy Consumption and Solar Right in Residential Buildings
The need for energy efficiency codes is increasing worldwide due to the continual decrease in the non- renewable energy resources such as fossil fuels. The time has come to improve the utilization of sustainable energy resources such as solar energy, wind, and water. In Jordan, the need for developing energy codes manifests itself because of the great dependency on non-renewable resources which...
A methodology to assess energy-demand savings and cost effectiveness of retrofitting in existing Swedish residential buildings
Swedish residential buildings are typically retrofitted on a case-by-case basis. Large numbers of building consultants are involved in the decision-making, and stakeholders find it difficult to quantify the sustainable profits from retrofits and to make an efficient selection of the optimal alternative. The present paper presents an approach to design and assess energy-demand retrofitting scena...

Applying urban parametric design optimisation processes to a hot climate: Case study of the UAE
Parametric and algorithmic design is considered a current trend in architectural design processes. In recent times architects and designers have gained control over the design process by using parametric design to produce an original sustainable design that interacts with the project's environment, climatic and sustainable constraints. Research into parametric urban design shows it to be a good...
Data structuring for the ontological modelling of urban energy systems: The experience of the SEMANCO project
Semantic web technologies can help to integrate heterogeneous data sources, and to make them accessible to the stakeholders involved in the urban energy planning. In the SEMANCO project, semantic technologies have been used to create models of urban energy systems able to assess the energy performance of an urban area. A semantic energy information framework brings together the data sources at ...

Determination of optimum location and tilt angle of solar collector on the roof of buildings with regard to shadow of adjacent neighbors
Solar systems have been widely used in recent years to supply some portion of buildings energy demands. Solar cells and flat collectors usually installed on the roof of buildings to keep away from the shade effects. Moreover, those must be installed incline at optimum angle to maximize the receiving energy. Determination of the optimum tilt angle of solar collectors is the subject of many inves...
A new transportation system for efficient and sustainable cities: Development of a next generation variable speed moving walkway
Urban areas require safe, fast, energy-efficient public transportation in order to provide sustainable living conditions. Unfortunately, many cities do not have the space or resources to provide robust public transport systems, such as subways. We investigate moving walkways as another mode of transportation. To date, moving walkways have served a minor role in transportation and are typically ...
Development and testing of a multi-fuel micro-CHP conversion kit
This paper describes the development of a kit for converting a spark-ignition engine installed on small-size generators in order to allow their functioning with multiple fuels, with particular reference to low-boiling-point fuels. The kit can be easily added to technological systems which have been on the market for a long time. In addition, depending on the local conditions of use, operation i...
An integrated study of urban microclimates in Chongqing, China: Historical weather data, transverse measurement and numerical simulation
Chongqing is the largest central-government-controlled municipality in China, which is now undergoing a rapid urbanization. The question remains open: What are the consequences of such rapid urbanization in Chongqing in terms of urban microclimates? An integrated study comprising three different research approaches is adopted in the present paper. By analyzing the observed annual climate data, ...