Education

The role of training in reducing poverty: the case of agricultural workers receiving microcredit in Bangladesh
The policy of providing microcredit and skill training to poor agricultural workers in developing countries is well-established. In this study, an attempt has been made to assess the effectiveness of the training part of that policy. BRAC (formerly the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee), the largest non-governmental organization in Bangladesh, is making efforts to alleviate poverty by prov...


The role of training in reducing poverty: the case of microenterprise development in India
Self-employment in general and microenterprise in particular is evolving as a prospective option for income generation and the reduction of poverty in developing economies such as India. However, a lack of skills among the poor has been identified as one of the key hindrances in promoting microenterprises and, therefore, in reducing poverty. Various initiatives have been taken to promote entrep...
Evaluating project performance by removing external effects: Implications to the efficiency of research and development resource allocation
Research and development (R&D) project performance is traditionally evaluated using cost-benefit analysis. However, external effects beyond managerial control often create advantageous or disadvantageous biases during evaluation. In this study, we used a three-stage data envelopment analysis method to evaluate R&D efficiency and Tobit regressions, removing the external effects of techno...


Distinguishing Models of Professional Development: The Case of an Adaptive Model's Impact on Teachers' Knowledge, Instruction, and Student Achievement
We posit that professional development (PD) models fall on a continuum from highly adaptive to highly specified, and that these constructs provide a productive way to characterize and distinguish among models. The study reported here examines the impact of an adaptive mathematics PD model on teachers’ knowledge and instructional practices as well as on students’ achievement over tim...
Keeping an Eye on Learning: Differences Between Expert and Novice Teachers' Representations of Classroom Management Events
Classroom management represents an important skill and knowledge set for achieving student learning gains, but poses a considerable challenge for beginning teachers. Understanding how teachers’ cognition and conceptualizations differ between experts and novices is useful for enhancing beginning teachers’ expertise development. We created a coding scheme using grounded theory to anal...


Descriptive Statistics for Modern Test Score Distributions: Skewness, Kurtosis, Discreteness, and Ceiling Effects
Many statistical analyses benefit from the assumption that unconditional or conditional distributions are continuous and normal. More than 50 years ago in this journal, Lord and Cook chronicled departures from normality in educational tests, and Micerri similarly showed that the normality assumption is met rarely in educational and psychological practice. In this article, the authors extend the...
Autonomy as both challenge and development in clinical education
This study examines autonomy in learning, related to medical and health care students perception of learning and development in clinical education. An understanding of the ways in which students learning and professional development is facilitated by autonomy, and a qualitative different understanding of the concept is vital for future development of learning and teaching strategies in medical ...

Studying science and engineering learning in practice
A key goal of science and engineering education is to provide opportunities for people to access, interpret, and make use of science and engineering to address practical human needs. Most education research, however, focuses on how best to prepare students in schools to participate in forms of science and engineering practices that resemble those of disciplinary experts. In this paper, I argue ...
On the societal nature of praxis and organic research
In its focus on social practices, the feature article presents an interesting theoretical framework for rethinking not only where and how knowing and learning in science education exhibit themselves but also we might change our own research practice. The framework is not new to me, as I have advocated it explicitly for more than 15 years. But over time it became apparent to me that some partic...

Localized competition in the non-resident student market
The non-resident student market brings monetary resources to colleges and universities in the U. S. Previous research on price-setting has been predominantly limited to public institutions. This study offers geospatial indicators to capture local competition and influence from public and private 4- year not-for-profit colleges to attract non-resident students. Utilizing a dataset built from fed...
Casos controversos sob o enfoque de um paradigma indiciário: o ensino de ciências no horizonte formativo da cidadania ambiental
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2013v31n3p1131Neste ensaio teórico as autoras apresentam uma crítica aos modelos epistemológicos e pedagógicos dominantes no ensino de ciências e apresentam uma perspectiva sobre o uso de casos controversos que leva em conta expectativas de formação para a cidadania socioambiental. O argumento central é que casos podem contribuir para a compreens...

Educação Profissional de Pessoas com Deficiência: adaptações para a acessibilidade
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2013v31n3p1065Este artigo foi realizado com o objetivo de conhecer as adaptações curriculares realizadas no âmbito da Educação Profissional que atende pessoas com defi ciência. Para o estudo, foram selecionadas sete instituições educacionais que ofertam esta modalidade de ensino, sendo elas: SENAC, SENAI e Organizações não governamentais (ONGs...
O (des)governo na expansão da educação superior brasileira: da inoperância do Estado à supremacia da lógica do mercado
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2013v31n3p1043A educação superior brasileira vem passando nas últimas duas décadas por um processo de significativa expansão. A partir de meados da década de 1990 o sistema começou a apresentar um forte crescimento, especialmente por meio do credenciamento de novas instituições privadas, não-universitárias. Tal processo resultou num significat...
História de uma instituição escolar: democratização ou elitização do ensino secundário (1939-1971)?
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2013v31n3p1021Este texto resulta de pesquisa inserida no campo da história das instituições, com foco na reescrita da história do ensino secundário, a partir de uma hipótese central, a saber: as diferentes reformas por que passou este nível de ensino pareceram revesti-lo da condição de mecanismo de ascensão social, em uma espécie de democratiz...
Conhecer não é representar: reflexões sobre a representação na Educação Ambiental
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-795X.2013v31n3p1005O presente artigo busca problematizar o conceito de representação a partir dos aportes teóricos da Filosofia da Diferença. Dessa forma, serão analisados escritos produzidos durante oficinas do curso de Formação de Multiplicadores em Educação Ambiental, que integra o projeto de extensão Comunicação para Educação Ambiental, do C...