Education

Dilemma of Basic School Pupils in Northern Ghana with respect to Their Learning Context
Lately, basic school pupils have performed poorly in the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) as well as in their end of term examinations and this necessitated an enquiry into the phenomenon. The study used the cross-sectional study design. The sample size was 195. The study collected data using a questionnaire. Data analysis involved using descriptive statistics. The study found tha...


Social Media in Nursing Education: The View of the Students
Social media usage in nursing education is limited and the active use of various new developed learning environments are left behind. The purpose of this research was to survey second-year nursing students’ social media usage in studies and in their free time. The research was also interested to know students' interest and skill level in using different social media applications. The research...
Analyzing Students’ Understanding of Models and Modeling Referring to the Disciplines Biology, Chemistry, and Physics
In this study, secondary school students’ (N = 617; grades 7 to 10) understanding of models and modeling was assessed using tasks which explicitly refer to the scientific disciplines of biology, chemistry, and physics and, as a control, to no scientific discipline. The students’ responses are interpreted as their biology-, chemistry-, and physics-related or general understanding of mode...


Advanced Placement Scores for Black Male Students from Connecticut, Florida, Maryland, Massachetts, and Texas
Differences in student performance were analyzed for Black males in Connecticut, Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Texas on the Advanced Placement English Language and Composition, Calculus AB, Biology, and United States History examinations from the 2001 through the 2012 exam years. All analyses included in the comparisons of overall examination scores and U. S. History examination scores ...
Whole-genome sequence assembly of
Strains of Pediococcus pentosaceus from food and the human gastrointestinal tract have been widely identified, and some have been reported to reduce inflammation, encephalopathy, obesity and fatty liver in animals. In this study, we sequenced the whole genome of P. pentosaceus LI05 (CGMCC 7049), which was isolated from the fecal samples of healthy volunteers, and determined its ability to reduc...


Constitutional rights to education and their relationship to national policy and school enrolment
This article assesses the status and evolution of education rights in 191 constitutions and analyzes their relationship to educational policies and enrolment rates. As of 2011, 81% of constitutions protected primary education universally and 53% designated it as free. A minority granted secondary (37%) and higher (35%) education or explicitly protected specific groups. Constitutions adopted aft...
A Brief History of International Latin American Student Fraternities: A Movement That Lasted 86 Years (1889-1975)
An international Latin American student fraternity movement preceded the current Latino Greeks that are seen on college campuses today. This document provides new information that has not been published. The movement lasted 86 years and primarily served wealthy international Latin American students who came to the United States to study and, once graduated, went back to their home countries. Th...

The State and the Contemporary Decline in Violence
After a prolonged decline, violent crime in the West rose between the mid-1950s and the mid-1990s, and many commentators predicted that the rise would only keep going. They believed that violent crime was a symptom of a crisis of sovereignty for the state, which was under threat from outsourcing and privatization-a trend also predicted to continue. But as it happens, the privatizing of the poli...
Collinear Latent Variables in Multilevel Confirmatory Factor Analysis: A Comparison of Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Estimations
Because variables may be correlated in the social and behavioral sciences, multicollinearity might be problematic. This study investigates the effect of collinearity manipulated in within and between levels of a two-level confirmatory factor analysis by Monte Carlo simulation. Furthermore, the influence of the size of the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and estimation method; maximum l...

Rethinking attitudes to student clinical supervision and patient care: a change management success story
The aim of this project was to explore the process of change in a busy community dental clinic following a team development intervention designed to improve the management of student supervision during clinical placements. An action research model was used. Seven members of a community dental clinic team (three dentists, two dental therapists, one dental assistant and the clinic manager), toget...
Inside versus outside the science classroom: examining the positionality of two female science teachers at the boundaries of science education
The third wave feminist studies in science education take the stance that science teaching is political and that social change is possible through interrogating power inequalities and decentering science to balance out power. For science educators, this means developing an awareness of positionality, which I define here as a stance undertaken by an individual as she or he recognizes and makes s...

Unsilencing voices: a study of zoo signs and their language of authority
Zoo signs are important for informal learning, but their effect on visitor perception of animals has been sparsely studied. Other studies have established the importance of informal learning in American society; this study discusses zoo signs in the context of such learning. Through the lens of Critical Theory framed by informal learning, and by applying critical discourse analysis, I discovere...
Visioning the Centre for Place and Sustainability Studies through an embodied aesthetic wholeness
In the context of research universities, what kind of places and spaces can we create for ourselves that foster a holistic vision of learning and community, a vision that is responsive to the shifting social and ecological landscapes of the Anthropocene? How can these spaces simultaneously address the need to nurture both personal and cultural change? How do the frames we create enhance or limi...
Cultivating a Jian Zi: Exploring an art teacher's responsive pedagogy for the development of art talent in Taiwan
This qualitative case study explored the operational curricula of an art teacher’s responsive pedagogy that focused on the differentiation aspects for artistically talented students in an elementary school in Taiwan. Findings indicate that cultivating a Jian Zi is the heart of the value system embedded in the art teacher’s responsive pedagogy for the development of art talent. Jian ...
Students’ understanding of equilibrium and stability: the case of dynamic systems
Engineering students in control courses have been observed to lack an understanding of equilibrium and stability, both of which are crucial concepts in this discipline. The introduction of these concepts is generally based on the study of classical examples from Newtonian mechanics supplemented with a control system. Equilibrium and stability are approached in different ways at the various stag...