Law and Crime

Group co-offending networks in Italy’s illegal drug trade
Interdependent relations and cooperation between criminal groups are found to be recurrent when studying illegal market activities specifically and organized crime generally. However, there is little systematic research into the level and characterization of how criminal groups co-offend with one another. Based on a case-study approach, this article examines structural co-offending patterns bet...


Ossifikationsvorgänge des Trochanter major femoris
Trotz einer als verhältnismäßig zu bewertenden minimalen Strahlenexposition steht der Einsatz von Röntgenstrahlung zum Zweck der forensischen Schätzung des chronologischen Personenalters immer wieder im Mittelpunkt der öffentlichen Kritik. Dies hat in der jüngeren Vergangenheit die wissenschaftliche Überprüfung alternativer bildgebender Verfahren beflügelt, mit denen die strahlenfreie...
Judicial Waiver Decisions in Two Southern States: A Study of Judicial Perceptions
In 2007, nearly fourteen thousand juveniles were waived to the adult criminal court. Sending juveniles to the adult criminal justice system continues to be a significant mechanism for the increase in accountability; adult time for adult crime. Numerous studies have examined the factors that increase the juvenile’s likelihood of being waived. This process generally involves examining case file...


Examining social cohesion and victimization in a Malaysian multiethnic neighborhood
The ecological theories linking neighborhood characteristics to victimization have rarely been tested in Asia. This article examines three conceptual models of social cohesion (collective efficacy, sense of belonging and feeling of morale) that are designed to explain the residents' victimization in Malaysia. This study focuses on the effects of social cohesion on crime using a sample of 294 et...
Corporate personality: the Achilles' heel of executive remuneration policy
This paper aims to explore the role corporate personality has played in the battle between executive remuneration and fairness, which is linked to rewarding performance. This paper also aims to explore some of the policy measures taken by the UK Government to curb excessive remuneration especially in the banking sector. – This paper employs an analytical approach. An analytical approach relie...


Defusion of labor disputes in China: collective negotiations, mediation, arbitration, and the courts
This paper addresses the uses of the arbitration and judicial processes in the resolution of individual and collective labor rights arising under contract or statute. These labor rights are in contrast to labor interests of yet-unsecured rights, such as wage increases. An interesting phenomenon occurred wherein the rapid rise in the arbitration cases following the 2008 Mediation and Arbitration...
Systematic variation in the pattern of gene paralogue retention between the teleost super-orders Ostariophysi and Acanthopterygii
Teleost fish underwent whole genome duplication around 450 million years ago followed by diploidisation and loss of 80-85% of the duplicated genes. To identify a deep signature of this teleost-specific whole genome duplication (TSGD) we searched for duplicated genes that were systematically and uniquely retained in one or other of the super-orders Ostariophysi and Acanthopterygii. TSGD paralogu...

Comparative genomics of flatworms (Platyhelminthes) reveals shared genomic features of ecto- and endoparastic Neodermata
The ectoparasitic Monogenea comprise a major part of the obligate parasitic flatworm diversity. While genomic adaptations to parasitism have been studied in the endoparasitic tapeworms (Cestoda) and flukes (Trematoda), no representative of the Monogenea has been investigated yet. We present the high quality draft genome of Gyrodactylus salaris, an economically important monogenean ectoparasite ...
Comparative Genomic Analysis and Virulence Differences in Closely Related Salmonella enterica Serotype Heidelberg Isolates from Humans, Retail Meats and Animals
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is one of the top serovars causing human salmonellosis. Recently, an antibiotic-resistant strain of this serovar was implicated in a large 2011 multistate outbreak resulting from consumption of contaminated ground turkey that involved 136 confirmed cases, with one death. In this study, we assessed the evolutionary diversity ...

Violent disorder in Ciudad Juarez: a spatial analysis of homicide
This article considers the extent to which specific demographic and socioeconomic factors correlate with homicidal violence in the context of Mexico’s “war” on organized crime. We draw on Ciudad Juarez as a case study and social disorganization theory as an organizing framework. Social disorganization is expected to generate higher levels of homicidal violence. And while the evidence reve...
Health policy evolution in Lao People's Democratic Republic: context, processes and agency
During the last 20 years Lao People’s Democratic Republic has successfully developed and adopted some 30 health policies, strategies, decrees and laws in the field of health. Still, the implementation process remains arduous. This article aims at discussing challenges of health policy development and effective implementation by contextualizing the policy evolution over time and by focusin...

Does human resource management improve family planning service quality? Analysis from the Kenya Service Provision Assessment 2010
Human resource (HR) management is a priority for health systems strengthening in developing countries, yet few studies have empirically examined associations with service quality. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between HR management and family planning (FP) service quality. Data came from the 2010 Kenya Service Provision Assessment, a nationally representative health f...
Priority setting in HIV/AIDS control in West Java Indonesia: an evaluation based on the accountability for reasonableness framework
Indonesia has insufficient resources to adequately respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and thus faces a great challenge in prioritizing interventions. In many countries, such priority setting processes are typically ad hoc and not transparent leading to unfair decisions. Here, we evaluated the priority setting process in HIV/AIDS control in West Java province against the four conditions of the ac...
Intersectional inequalities in immunization in India, 1992-93 to 2005-06: a progress assessment
Immunization in India is marked with stark disparities across gender, caste, wealth and place of residence with severe shortfalls among those disadvantaged in more than one dimension. In this regard, an explicit recognition of intersectionality and intersectional inequalities has 2-fold relevance; one, being the pathway of health inequality and the other being its role as a deterrent of progres...
Metrical Assessment of Cutmarks on Bone: Is Size Important?
Extrapolating type of blade from a bone lesion has always been a challenge for forensic anthropologists: literature has mainly focused on the morphological characteristics of sharp force lesions, whereas scarce indications are available concerning the metrical assessment of cut marks and their correlation with the size of blade. The present study aims at verifying whether it is possible to reco...