Law and Crime

Rolling-circle transposons catalyze genomic innovation in a mammalian lineage
Rolling-circle transposons (Helitrons) are a newly discovered group of mobile DNA widespread in plant and invertebrate genomes but limited to the bat family Vespertilionidae among mammals. Little is known about the long-term impact of Helitron activity because the genomes where Helitron activity has been extensively studied are predominated by young families. Here we report a comprehensive cata...


Gene duplication, population genomics and species-level differentiation within a tropical mountain shrub
Gene duplication leads to paralogy, which complicates the de novo assembly of genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data. The issue of paralogous genes is exacerbated in plants, because they are particularly prone to gene duplication events. Paralogs are normally filtered from GBS data before undertaking population genomics or phylogenetic analyses. However, gene duplication plays an important role in...
Whole-Genome Sequence Analysis of the Naturally Competent Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolate A118
Recent studies have demonstrated a high genomic plasticity in Acinetobacter baumannii, which may explain its high capacity to acquire multiple antibiotic resistance determinants and to survive in the hospital environment. Acinetobacter baumannii strain A118 (Ab A118) was isolated in the year 1995 from a blood culture of an intensive care unit patient. As this particular strain showed some pecu...


Foucault on the Care of the Self as an Ethical Project and a Spiritual Goal
In this paper, I examine Foucault’s ideas concerning the care of the self. What exactly is this ideal that Foucault describes in his last two books? Do these books represent a break or a continuation with the earlier writings on knowledge and power? Most important, I consider whether the care of the self could ever be a significant ethical ideal given some of the objections that have been rai...
Village greens, commons land and the emergence of sports law in the UK
This article traces the legal development of recreational rights surrounding village greens and, later, urban public spaces in the UK. The article highlights that at a critical juncture in the development of modern sport in Britain—in the mid-nineteenth century—the law helped embed not only just a space for sport in the emerging industrialised and increasingly urbanised environment, but als...


Craft(y)ness
The idea of the ‘hacker’ is a contested concept both inside and outside the hacker community, including academia. Addressing such contestation the current study uses ethnographic field research and content analysis to create a grounded understanding of ‘the hacker’. In doing so, hacking is revealed to parallel features found in craftwork, often sharing (1) a particular mentality, an emp...
Perceived Risk of Burglary and Fear of Crime: Individual- and Country-Level Mixed Modeling
Given the scarcity of prior studies, the current research introduced country-level variables, along with individual-level ones, to test how they are related to an individual’s perceived risk of burglary (PRB) and fear of crime (FC), separately, by using mixed-level logistic regression analyses. The analyses of 104,218 individuals, residing in 50 countries, showed that country-level povert...

Death: a foe to be conquered? Questioning the paradigm
There are few certainties in life-death is one of them. Yet death is often thought of today as the ‘loss of the battle’ against illness, where in traditional societies it was the natural, meaningful, end to life. Medical knowledge and technologies have extended the possibilities of medical care and increased our life span. People living in most developed countries today can expect t...
Deadlock or Restraint? The Security Council Veto and the Use of Force in Syria
The situation in Syria has revived the use of the veto power by some of the permanent five members of the Security Council. Repeated vetoes of draft resolutions and even the mere threat of a veto have stalled negotiations and rendered the Security Council largely passive in the face of mass atrocity. This article examines what this situation means for the accountability of the Security Council ...

Use of Luminescent Gunshot Residues Markers in Forensic Context
Chemical evaluation of gunshot residues (GSR) produced by non-toxic lead-free ammunition (NTA) has been a challenge to forensic analyses. Our group developed some luminescent markers specific to the detection of GSR. Here, we evaluated the performance of selected markers in experiments that mimic forensic context and/or routines in which luminescent characteristics would be very useful. We eval...
'Do No Harm'? Exploring the Scope of Economic and Social Rights in Transitional Justice
Increasing numbers of academics and practitioners are employing the language of economic and social rights (ESR) when conceptualizing the aims, scope and implementation mechanisms of transitional justice. Their contributions have added to an evolving debate on the boundaries of transitional justice. However, when employing rights language, the current debate on the economic and social dimension...

International Insurance? Democratic Consolidation and Support for International Human Rights Regimes
Judicial empowerment has traditionally been explained as a response to political uncertainty. This article applies this insight to the international context to explain patterns of support for the empowerment of supranational courts. Our analysis of the negotiations that produced the International Criminal Court suggests that the relationship between democratic consolidation and support for empo...
A View on Future Roles of The WTO: Should There be More Soft Law in The WTO
It has been more than ten years since the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) was initiated and there has been little significant progress in negotiations. Is the World Trade Organization (WTO) losing its relevance in the governance of the international trade order? The writer argues that, despite this pessimistic picture, there will be roles of the WTO in building a new international trade system. A...
Crime and Inflation in Cross-National Perspective
Inflation belongs in the repertoire of economic indicators used in research on crime patterns. A resurgence of research on the relationship between economic conditions and crime has occurred in recent years, most of it showing crime increases during economic downturns and declines during recoveries. The so-called Great Recession of 2008–9 broke this pattern; crime rates fell or were flat. His...
Residential Foreclosure Rates and Calls for Service for Domestic Disputes: An Exploratory Analysis
Over the past 10 years the U. S. has experienced a sharp increase in the number of foreclosures. The problem has been particularly severe in a number of states, including Florida. The purpose of this article is to explore the relationship between foreclosure rates and calls for service for domestic disturbances reported to the City of Tampa, Florida Police Department in 2008. The results sugge...