Law and Crime

Antitrust Law and Distributive Politics in the American States
State enforcement by state attorneys general (AGs) has become a major component of American antitrust law. Much has been written about state antitrust enforcement, but existing accounts of AG incentives and behavior are incomplete. As elected officials in forty-three states, AGs must represent their constituents and, therefore, will be drawn to cases that maximize the level of settlement reward...


Visible Counterterrorism Measures in Urban Spaces—Fear-Inducing or Not?
Many scholars working within the tradition of critical studies are sceptical of the presence of visible security measures in urban spaces, arguing that they cause fear and facilitate the political control of citizens. A study carried out in Denmark in 2011 sought to capture, describe, and rank factors impacting positively or negatively on the feelings of safety of Danish citizens, when being in...
Abolishing the stigma of punishments served
The Benthamite workhouse principle of ‘less eligibility’ dates back to the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 and, since its application to the sphere of criminal justice, has long dictated that prisoners and other lawbreakers should always be last in the queue for access to scant welfare resources because of the moral censure attached to their behaviour. This continues to be problematic for those...


Online social sports networks as crime facilitators
Emerging technologies such as broadband services and mobile and wireless technologies create not only benefits for the community but also risks (Choo, Smith, McCusker 78: iii, 2007). The implications of these developments should be evaluated to make any necessary changes to policing, policy and legislation. This study investigates the risk of disclosure of confidential information via online pu...
Fast nuclear staining of head hair roots as a screening method for successful STR analysis in forensics
The success rate of STR profiling of hairs found at a crime scene is quite low and negative results of hair analysis are frequently reported. To increase the success rate of DNA analysis of hairs in forensics, nuclei in hair roots can be counted after staining the hair root with DAPI. Two staining methods were tested: a longer method with two 1hour incubations in respectively a DAPI- and a wash...


Never too old for health and human rights?
The protection of the human rights of older people is becoming an increasingly urgent concern. At the same time, an analysis of the current legal protections available for older people to challenge health and care decisions exposes the obstacles faced in obtaining meaningful recognition and implementation of these rights. In this article, we consider the problems faced when relying on a primari...
Association between estimated glomerular filtration rate and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischaemic stroke: results from China National Stroke Registry
The impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on stroke clinical outcomes remains controversial. We examined the association between eGFR and all-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, and stroke disability in patients with acute ischaemic stroke. we analysed 8865 patients with acute ischaemic stroke in the China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) between September 2007 and August 2008. Mu...

Germany and Chongqing: Secret Communication during WWII
The currently accepted narrative regarding WWII in China suggests that Nationalist China and the Third Reich had no diplomatic connections after their official break of diplomatic relations in July 194Based on archival material from Germany, China and Taiwan, this article challenges this narrative. As I hope to demonstrate, communications between Germany and China continued well after July 1941...
The effectiveness of community-based loan funds for transport during obstetric emergencies in developing countries: a systematic review
Scarcity and costs of transport have been implicated as key barriers to accessing care when obstetric emergencies occur in community settings. Community-based loans have been used to increase utilization of health facilities and potentially reduce maternal mortality by providing funding at community level to provide emergency transport. This review aimed to provide evidence of the effect of com...

You're in That Realm of Unpredictability": Mateship, Loyalty, and Men Challenging Men Who Use Domestic Violence Against Women
This study reports on discourse analysis of transcripts from focus group discussions held with 28 "ordinary" men about domestic violence. Two broad "mateship" themes emerged: (a) a strong "mateship" discourse that produced public/private boundaries around discussions about intimate heterosexual relationships. Policed by the threat of violence, these boundaries prevented some men from challengin...
Abortion and Crime: Cross-Country Evidence from Europe
The publication of ’s paper on the impact of legalized abortion on the decline of crime in the US has created a wide debate in the literature. However, the vast majority of papers have been implemented in the US setting, and the few other works were single-country studies. In this research, we aim to provide new evidence on the abortion-crime link by examining this issue using a sample of 16 ...

L'abolition de la relégation en Guyane française (1938-1953)
Si l'abolition de la transportation en Guyane est acquise en décembre 1938, il faut attendre 1946 pour voir la même décision appliquée à la relégation. Et ce n'est qu'en 1953 que la colonie voit un dernier convoi organiser le rapatriement de ses ultimes forçats. La question de l'abolition de la relégation en Guyane entraîne de multiples difficultés et interroge le sens de cette peine....
Trust in the Belgian police: The importance of responsiveness
The international literature contains very few empirical tests of Tyler’s (2011) claim that in Europe, as in the United States, procedural justice plays a larger part than police performance in accounting for citizens’ trust in the police. With regard to procedural justice, there has also been little research on the distinct effects of responsiveness and fair treatment. This study i...
Retrieving the Differences: the Distinctiveness of the Welfare Aspect of Human Rights from the Perspective of Judicial Protection
Recently, the idea that all rights are positive and costly has come to prominence in international human rights law. This has been taken to imply that there are no reasons to object to providing economic, social, and cultural rights with the same level of protection than civil and political rights. The present contribution aims to reject this undifferentiated view. It argues that even if it is ...
Studying the governance of crime and security: Space, time and jurisdiction
That the governance of crime and security often works on and through space is well known by now; but this article argues that temporality and jurisdiction are equally important dimensions of law and governance. These three dimensions are not independent, and the article gives some concrete examples of how temporalization shapes spatialization and in turn interacts with jurisdiction.