Law and Crime

The Diffusion of Constitutional Rights
Constitutions are commonly regarded as uniquely national products, shaped by domestic ideals and politics. This paper develops and empirically investigates a novel hypothesis, which is that constitutions are also shaped by transnational influence, or “diffusion.” Constitutional rights can diffuse through four mechanisms: coercion, competition, learning and acculturation. To analyze diffusio...


Genome comparison of Candida orthopsilosis clinical strains reveals the existence of hybrids between two distinct subspecies
The Candida parapsilosis species complex comprises a group of emerging human pathogens of varying virulence. This complex was recently subdivided into three different species: C. parapsilosis sensu stricto, C. metapsilosis, and C. orthopsilosis. Within the latter, at least two clearly distinct subspecies seem to be present among clinical isolates (Type 1 and Type 2). To gain insight into the ge...
Evidential evaluation of DNA profiles using a discrete statistical model implemented in the DNA LiRa software
The high sensitivity of the technology for producing profiles means that it has become routine to produce profiles from relatively small quantities of DNA. The profiles obtained from low template DNA (LTDNA) are affected by several phenomena which must be taken into consideration when interpreting and evaluating this evidence. Furthermore, many of the same phenomena affect profiles from higher ...


Does Religiousness Increase Self-Control and Reduce Criminal Behavior?: A Longitudinal Analysis of Adolescent Offenders
Previous research suggests that religiousness correlates with less criminal behavior and that this relationship is partially mediated by higher self-control. Because most studies are cross-sectional, causality remains uncertain as stable between-subject factors may influence self-control, religiousness, and offending, confounding their relationships. Moreover, directionality may be reversed wit...
Deconstructing the Poaching Phenomenon
This review explores the way that the illegal hunting phenomenon has been framed by research. We demarcate three main approaches that have been used to deconstruct the crime. These include ‘drivers of the deviance’, ‘profiling perpetrators’ and ‘categorizing the crime’. Disciplinary silo thinking on the part of prominent theories, an overreliance on either a micro or a macro perspec...


Trajectories to Mid- and Higher-Level Drug Crimes
While the Nordic countries represent a zone of penal moderation, drug offences remain subject to harsh punishment. Based on 60 interviews with incarcerated drug dealers, we present four trajectories and turning points to the higher tiers of the illegal drug economy. The first trajectory is characterized by criminal entrepreneurship, but three other trajectories were equally evident: (1) Many dr...
Bridging Structure and Perception
Applying Robert Sampson’s (2012) work on interdependent spatial patterns in a new setting, we link structural characteristics of the neighbourhood to public beliefs and worries about neighbourhood violence via two intermediate mechanisms: (1) collective efficacy and neighbourhood disorder. Analysing data from face-to-face interviews of 61,436 individuals living in 4,761 London neighbourhoods,...

The Home-based Older People's Exercise (HOPE) trial: a pilot randomised controlled trial of a home-based exercise intervention for older people with frailty
Frailty is a state of vulnerability to stressor events. There is uncertainty about the beneficial effects of exercise interventions for older people with frailty. The Home-based Older People's Exercise (HOPE) programme is a 12-week-exercise intervention for older people with frailty designed to improve mobility and function. we tested feasibility of the HOPE programme in a two arm, assessor bli...
Halfway Homeowners: Eviction and Forced Relocation in a Florida Manufactured Home Park
The last four decades of US housing policy have seen a shift from the federal allocation of affordable housing as a public good to the neoliberal model of private and for-profit provision of affordable housing. This shift warrants a study of the link between the interests that now shape low-income housing markets and the stability of the housing they provide. Nowhere are the effects of this shi...

Policy processes and police reform: Examining similarities and differences between Scotland and the Netherlands
During 2013 the national governments of both the Netherlands and Scotland have introduced radical reforms which have replaced largely autonomous regional police forces with a national police service. Despite these structural similarities, however, there are important differences in the underlying processes which have shaped these reforms and the broader narratives about policing which have info...
Analysis of allelic drop-out using the Identifiler ® and PowerPlex® 16 forensic STR typing systems
Low-template (LT) DNA profiles continue to present interpretational challenges to the forensic community. Whether the LT contribution comprises the main profile, or whether it is present as the minor component of a mixture, ambiguity arises from the possibility that alleles present in the biological sample may not be detected in the resulting DNA profile. This phenomenon is known as allelic dro...

Concordance study and population frequencies for 16 autosomal STRs analyzed with PowerPlex® ESI 17 and AmpFℓSTR® NGMSelect™ in Somalis, Danes and Greenlanders
A concordance study of the results of PowerPlex® ESI 17 and ampFℓSTR® NGMSelect™ kits obtained from 591 individuals from Somalia (N=198), Denmark (N=199) and Greenland (N=194) was performed. among 9,456 STR types, seven discordant results were found with the two kits: one observed in the D19S433 system in an individual from Denmark and six in the SE33 system in six individuals from Somali...
The Law of the Dead: A Critical Review of Burial Law, with a View to its Development
This article critically reviews the present condition of burial law. Situating burial within the wider context of the ‘law of the dead’, it is observed that contemporary changes to the law have served to clarify and reinforce the individual’s power to determine what will happen to his or her organs and tissues upon death. An equivalent right to posthumous bodily self-determina...
India and Bilateral Investment Treaties--A Changing Landscape
This article examines the origin, evolution and current status of the Indian Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) programme. India launched its BITs programme in 1994 as part of its overall strategy of economic liberalization. To date, India has entered into more than 80 BITs. However, India’s BIT programme didn’t receive much attention until recently when numerous foreign investors br...
Repositioning sovereignty? Sovereign encounters with organized crime and money laundering in the realm of accountants
This article repositions sovereignty on the basis of a study of recent regulatory approaches to organized crime and money laundering. The spread of techniques across administrative domains is traced through organizational documents and interviews with practitioners, and related to an observed trend toward integration between policing research and regulation research. The same trend, however, as...