Law and Crime

The Rule of Law and the New Egyptian Constitution
This article explores meaning of the rule of law for Egypt after Mubarak. In Egypt, the process of writing and ratifying a new constitution was overseen first by Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), then by the newly elected President Morsi and by SCAF again, when the army moved to depose Mr Morsi and the government of the Muslim Brotherhood party. The writing of the Egyptian constitutio...


Counterintuitiveness of hell and paradise in the apocalypses of Paul and Peter
Counterintuitiveness has been found to be a crucially important property of successful religious concepts. Several studies confirm that it enhances memorability of concepts as well as whole narratives such as folktales. In this article, the role of counterintuitiveness in the Apocalypse of Paul and the Apocalypse of Peter, both of which have strongly influenced Christian views of hell and parad...
Party N Play” on the Internet: Subcultural Formation, Craigslist, and Escaping from Stigma
This article describes how the war on drugs and the fight against AIDS battled in the gay community, particularly against those who use crystal methamphetamine and engage in risky sex practices (i.e., condomless sex), have resulted in unintended consequences. These wars have successfully defined these men (AKA “PnPers”) as “diseased” or “criminals” who should be demonized and ostrac...


Chemical analysis of a benzofuran derivative, 2-(2-ethylaminopropyl)benzofuran (2-EAPB), eight synthetic cannabinoids, five cathinone derivatives, and five other designer drugs newly detected in illegal products
From November 2013 to May 2014, 19 newly distributed designer drugs were identified in 104 products in our ongoing survey of illegal products in Japan. The identified compounds included 8 synthetic cannabinoids, FUB-PB-22 (1), 5-fluoro-NNEI indazole analog (5-fluoro-MN-18, 2), AM-2201 indazole analog (THJ-2201, 3), XLR-12 (4), 5-fluoro-AB-PINACA (5), 5-chloro-AB-PINACA (6), AB-CHMINACA (7), and...
Solution or Smokescreen? Evaluating Industry Self-Regulation of Televised Food Marketing to Children
It is well established that children's exposure to television advertising for unhealthy food products contributes to the epidemic of childhood obesity. Given this finding, public health officials recommended that the government restrict unhealthy food marketing to children if the industry does not accomplish that goal voluntarily. Food marketers responded by adopting industry self-regulation se...


Understanding School Effects on Students' Willingness to Report Peer Weapon Carrying
Research on student willingness to report peer weapon carrying points to the importance of school climate and contributions favorable to reporting. This study fills a gap by examining the etiology of willingness to report weapons on campus using predictors at the individual- and school levels. We utilize data from high school student self-reporting; results suggest that 34% of students reported...
Beurteilung von Einsichts- und Steuerungsfähigkeit bei Personen mit geistiger Behinderung im Strafverfahren
Es wird auf die inhaltliche Bestimmung des Eingangsmerkmals „Schwachsinn“ der Schuldfähigkeitsparagrafen des Strafgesetzbuchs hingewiesen. Die forensische Relevanz der Intelligenzminderung ist gering. Forensische Auswirkungen einer Verminderung der Einsichtsfähigkeit scheitern in der Regel an der gegebenen Einsicht. Eine Beeinträchtigung der Schuldfähigkeit ist lässt sich ggf. mit eine...

Comparing Intelligence Democratization in Latin America: Argentina, Peru, and Ecuador Cases
This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the intelligence democratization process in new democracies comparing three South American countries: Ecuador, Peru, and Argentina. With a background of authoritarian legacies (‘political police’ style intelligence agencies controlled by the military) under particular political circumstances and changing strategic environments, these c...
Can the health system deliver? Determinants of rural Liberians' confidence in health care
Following a protracted civil war, Liberia is rebuilding its health system. One of the aims of reconstruction is to expand access to health care to a previously underserved rural population. This study analysed the determinants of Liberians’ confidence in their ability to obtain needed care for themselves or their children in case of serious illness. A cross-sectional survey of 1435 adults...

The Pitfalls of Regulating the Legal Status of Disappeared Persons Through Declaration of Death
Disappeared persons are placed in a legal limbo where, due to the concealment of their fate and whereabouts, it is unknown whether they are dead or alive. The regulation of their legal status while their fate is unknown is necessary to settle matters related to social welfare, inheritance, family law and property rights. In the absence of ad hoc legislation to address these social and legal con...
Postmortem dynamic cerebral angiography for detecting aneurysm and bleeding sites in cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage
One of the advantages of postmortem imaging is its ability to obtain diagnostic findings in a non-destructive manner when autopsy is either difficult or may destroy forensic evidence. In recent years, efforts have been made to incorporate computed tomography (CT) based postmortem angiography into forensic pathology; however, it is not currently clear how well the modality can determine sites of...

Proposed Method for Predicting Pair Matching of Skeletal Elements Allows Too Many False Rejections
Byrd proposes a method for predicting pair matches in commingled remains to reduce visual comparison. The method compares differences between left and right postcranial element measurements in commingled samples with differences in known pairs from a reference sample using a t-score approach. We duplicated his protocol using six elements from two samples of known paired elements (n = 854 to 1...
Death Due to Complications of Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia
Ectodermal dysplasia comprises a group of disorders affecting ectodermal tissues. Severity depends on the genetic aberration; hyperpyrexia secondary to absence of sweat glands is a common complication. Treatment is supportive. This case report describes a 1-month, 27-day-old male infant with a diagnosis of X-linked recessive anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. On the day of his death, his mother s...
Elimination of Bioweapons Agents from Forensic Samples During Extraction of Human DNA,
Collection of DNA for genetic profiling is a powerful means for the identification of individuals responsible for crimes and terrorist acts. Biologic hazards, such as bacteria, endospores, toxins, and viruses, could contaminate sites of terrorist activities and thus could be present in samples collected for profiling. The fate of these hazards during DNA isolation has not been thoroughly examin...
Application of Kinect Gaming Sensor in Forensic Science
Kinect sensor appears as a low-cost option for 3D modeling. This manuscript describes a methodology to test the applicability of Kinect to crime scenes. The methodology includes the comparison versus well-established scanners (Faro and Trimble). The parameters used for the comparison are the quality in the fitting of primitives, a qualitative evaluation of facial data, the data quality for diff...