Arts

Scaffolding, organizational structure and interpersonal interaction in musical activities with older people
The research reported here focuses on the organizational structure and facilitator strategies observed in musical activities with older people. The observations formed one part of the Music for Life Project, funded by the ESRC New Dynamics of Ageing Programme (http://www.newdynamics.group.shef.ac.uk/), which investigated the social, emotional and cognitive benefits of participation in community...


Uses of iPad(R) Applications in Music Therapy
The unquestioned leader in tablet computer technology is Apple. Since the release of the first iPad in 2010, development of software applications (apps) with uses for music therapists has increased dramatically. Apps for musical instruments, notation/composition, and recording/playback range from easy-to-use interfaces to highly technical apps for industry professionals. Another subset of apps ...
Functional Musicianship of Music Therapy Students: Entering Internships as Perceived by Internship Directors
This study gathered information on (a) perceptions of internship directors on the preparation of music therapy interns' functional music skills, (b) perceived importance of functional music skills, and (c) perceived similarities or differences in functional piano skill preparation and their importance since these skills were last evaluated in 1986. indicated a significant correlation between pe...


Burnout in Music Therapists: Work, Individual, and Social Factors
Professional burnout is a serious and current issue for music therapists (Dileo, 2000; Oppenheim, 1987). Burnout can cause emotional and mental stress, leaving professionals feeling unsatisfied in their careers (Pines & Keinan, 2005) and employees who were once enthusiastic and excited about their career drained, cynical, and ineffective (Maslach & Goldberg, 1998). Despite its importanc...
Professional Recognition of Music Therapy: Past, Present, and Future
In our history of professional training and clinical practice, music therapists have worked hard to achieve professional recognition. While most people are able to relate to the "power" of music, there is a lack of understanding by the public regarding qualifications and training necessary to engage in the systematic use of music to address the needs of clients and families. Various efforts to ...


A Survey of Music Therapy Students' Practica Experiences in Hospice and Palliative Care Settings
The purpose of this study is to investigate student music therapists' views on (a) death and dying, (b) professional neutrality, (c) coursework preparation, and (d) their clinical experience in hospice or palliative care (HPC) settings. Students (n = 115) completed six questions of the online survey (Survey 1). These questions only concerned their own cultural beliefs on death and dying and wor...
Music Therapists' Perceptions of the Impact of Group Factors on the Therapeutic Songwriting Process
Studies on group songwriting have tended to document successful group songwriting processes. Conversely, there is a dearth of literature that describes contexts where songwriting was not successful, but constrained by group factors. This study sought to identify group factors that both support and constrain the therapeutic songwriting process. Forty-five music therapy clinicians and researchers...

A Place for Reiki in a Music Therapy Practice
There is a growing interest in complementary and alternative healing practices among patient/client populations (Barnes & Bloom, 2008). Reiki is a type of energy work that results from a practitioner's hands being placed on or near various locations on a fully clothed person. This energy is believed to increase the body's innate ability to heal, and works in the physical, emotional, mental ...
The Impact of Group Music Therapy on Negative Affect of People with Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illnesses
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of group music therapy on levels of self-reported negative affect (NA) among men and women on a residential unit of an integrated dual diagnosis treatment program. More specifically, we sought to determine if, and to what degree engagement in composition, receptive (listening), re-creation (performing), and improvisation experiences would resu...

Aesthetic Perturbation: Using a Chance/Aleatoric Music Therapy Intervention to Reduce Rigidity in Adult Patients with Psychiatric Disorders
Music therapy research focusing on composition as process, chance/aleatoric composition, and/or indeterminate music as an intervention is an unexplored area. The purpose of this qualitative experimental-music study was to assess the effects of a chance-centered music therapy intervention on rigidity in adult patients with psychiatric disorders. Participants (N = 3) joined a music therapy group ...
Women with Addictions: Music Therapy Clinical Postures and Interventions
Like men, women have been using alcohol and drugs since ancient times; yet we are just beginning to uncover important information about women's unique trajectory to and through addiction. Straussner and Brown (2002) write, "There is little or no denial left today: women can be and are addicts at alarming rates" (p. 34). Close to 15% of the members of the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA...

Complex Multiplication, Structure, and Process: Harmony and Form in Boulez's Structures II
This article clarifies the process behind the operation known as complex multiplication and demonstrates that it is less abstract and more closely linked to conventional serial procedures than was previously thought. The operation results from one of many transpositional schemes that Boulez regularly incorporated in his precompositional tables. An understanding of this scheme and the way it der...
‘Island of the dead’: composting twenty-thousand saints on Bardsey Island
In The Dominion of the Dead, Robert Pogue Harrison contends that humanity is ‘through and through necrocatic’ – we are not self-authored but follow, always, those who came before. He believes that through the various manifestations of their cultural perpetuation, the dead hound us with a sense of guilt, dread and responsibility, above all demanding that we keep the story of humanity going...
Slash and porn: media subversion, hyper-articulation, and parody
In this paper, I examine the rise in popularity of pornographic parody, and compare it to slash fan fiction. Parody, an imitation that implicitly critiques an original work, is an important element of contemporary media texts. Through satire, parody offers a subtle, yet powerful critique of contemporary culture. Beyond mainstream media texts, parody is also a staple genre of the pornographic ca...
Of rat waldens and quests for rubber duckies: zeugma as structural principle of the new nature writing
The rhetorical device of zeugma, where one part of speech is used to yoke more than one other part of a sentence in a surprising and often ironically humorous way, can be seen as the governing figure, or the operative structural principle, of the new nature writing of the last decade or so. The new nature writing makes ironic use of the language of traditional nature writing in order to deflate...