Archaeology

Differential Carnivore Damage as a Potential Indicator of Resource Availability and Foraging Efficiency
Carnivore damage is typically documented in faunal assemblages to understand if attrition of elements or element portions has occurred. Thus, the amount of carnivore damage often is used to simply reflect how “complete” the assemblage is. However, gnawing is a means for carnivores to extract within bone nutrients. Thus, according to the marginal value theorem, the amount of time a carnivore...


Smilodon populator et Protocyon troglodytes, deux superprédateurs du Pléistocène supérieur de la Serra da Capivara (Piauí) au Nordeste du Brésil
Parmi les sites fossilifères de la région du Parc National Serra da Capivara (Piauí), deux ont livré des restes des deux grands carnivores Protocyon troglodytes et Smilodon populator du Pléistocène supérieur : la Toca da Cima dos Pilão et la Toca das Moendas. Ces deux grottes, où ont été retrouvés de nombreux restes de proies, ont servi de tanière à ces prédateurs. À la Toca da...
Trimeridianellidae nov. fam., a Triassic spumellarian radiolarian family with simple initial skeleton and pyloniacean mode of growth
Based on several samples of Middle and Late Triassic age, the authors describe a new family of spumellarian Radiolaria – Trimeridianellidae Dumitrica and Tekin, characterized by a three-fold symmetry, a first shell of triangular prism type with 6 primary rays originated at the edges of two bases of the prism, or 3 meridian arches with 3 equatorial rays, and growth of pyloniacean type. The fam...


The origins of Dinosauria: much ado about nothing
Research this century has greatly improved our knowledge of the origin and early radiation of dinosaurs. The unearthing of several new dinosaurs and close outgroups from Triassic rocks from various parts of the world, coupled with improved phylogenetic analyses, has set a basic framework in terms of timing of events and macroevolutionary patterns. However, important parts of the early dinosauro...
Holistic geoarchaeology in the Penobscot Valley, Maine, USA: context, scale, and interpretation
A holistic landscape approach to cultural resource analysis of a set of archaeological sites in the central Penobscot Valley led to inferences regarding the Holocene physical and biological environmental context. Targeted environmental studies include (1) examination of forest and wetland changes through time and lake-level studies as a key to paleohydrology. These studies were combined with br...


Food fit for a Khan: stable isotope analysis of the elite Mongol Empire cemetery at Tavan Tolgoi, Mongolia
The creation and expansion of the Mongol Empire during the thirteenth century A. D. brought with it many changes, both for the conquered peoples and for the conquerors themselves. Ruling elite Mongols in foreign lands imposed new customs onto their new subjects, but also adopted some of the characteristics of the cultures they ruled; these are topics of sustained and continuing research interes...
Lepong: A New Obsidian Source in the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea
A new obsidian source from northwest Manus, Papua New Guinea, is reported for the first time. The chemical signature for this new source was obtained using the electron microprobe, ICP-MS, and PIXE-PIGME, and the results were compared with known sources and artifacts from this region. The results show for the first time a more complex scenario of obsidian procurement and exchange than previousl...

Interdisciplinary Socialization of Archaeological Heritage in Uruguay
This paper presents the preliminary results of a research which relates two main strands: (a) the socialization of scientific knowledge and (b) the archaeological heritage. The aim of the research is to analyze the socialization process by integrating an "inter-approach" strategy in order to cope with the research problem. It also evaluates the potential of an interdisciplinary approach followi...
Managing Historic Resources in Active Farming Landscapes. National Priorities and Local Practices
To counteract processes of landscape deterioration, marginalization and loss of cultural heritage due to rural restructuring of farming in late-modern Norwegian society, an agricultural landscape scheme started up in 2009. The purpose is to examine the way this recently introduced strategy of directing particular resources to a group of selected agricultural landscapes contributes in instigatin...

Sustainability of Lithuanian Villages with Churches and Landscape
The aim of the research was to analyze the historical, cultural, and social significance and the role in landscapes of Lithuanian villages with churches and to formulate the hypothetical framework for their revitalization and consequent sustainable development of country's rural landscape. The methodology of the research encompassed the desktop study (analysis of literature, archival data, maps...
Natural-Cultural Landscape Heritage at Ritidian, Guam
Landscapes bear potential as heritage resources, unifying natural and cultural history that can be experienced today in special preserved areas. Geoarchaeological investigation 2006–11 explored this potential at the Ritidian Unit of Guam National Wildlife Refuge. As experienced today, the Ritidian landscape heritage embodies the complex outcomes of a 3500-year record of ecology and evolution....

Discussing Strategy in Heritage Conservation: Living Heritage Approach as an Example of Strategic Innovation
The paper discusses the concept of strategy in the field of heritage conservation, with a focus on a new conservation approach that promotes the empowerment of local communities and sustainable development: a living heritage approach. The approaches to heritage conservation are outlined: a material-based approach defines the principles of Western-based conservation, a values-based approach expa...
Wedding cultural heritage and sustainable development: Three Years After
This article is an editorial to JCHMSD’s Volume 4, Issue 1 and its selection of papers. The main aim of this article is to reflect upon the first three years of editorship, reporting a critical self-assessment on the progress achieved today in relation to JCHMSD’s initial aims , embedded in the state-of-the-art. The article builds upon editorship observations exchanged among the editorial t...
The Geochemistry of Basalt Handaxes from the Lower Palaeolithic Site of Ma‛ayan Baruch, Israel—A Perspective on Raw Material Selection
The Upper Acheulian site of Ma‛ayan Baruch, northern Israel, is primarily known for its exceptionally large assemblage of thousands of flint handaxes. Within this assemblage, a minute collection of basalt handaxes was retrieved as well, representing particular technological choice within the Upper Acheulian. Using geochemistry, we were able to determine that these basalt handaxes were not mad...
Phenol Formaldehyde Revisited—Novolac Resins for the Treatment of Degraded Archaeological Wood
Archaeological wood is usually severely degraded. The Norwegian Viking Age Oseberg find exemplifies problems arising due to past conservation treatments and the need for new types of preservatives. Phenol formaldehyde (PF) has been investigated as a consolidant for alum-treated wood. X-ray tomography has revealed that it is possible to obtain a porous structure inside the wood, ensuring ethical...