Anthropology

Biological diversity and population history of Middle Holocene hunter-gatherers from the Cis-Baikal region of Siberia
In the past decades, prehistoric hunter-gatherers of the Cis-Baikal region has been a subject of multidisciplinary research. In this study, we used nonmetric cranial traits to assess the genetic relationships between various spatial and temporal groups of Cis-Baikal Middle Holocene hunter-gatherers and to reveal genetic continuity between the Cis-Baikal Neolithic-Bronze Age population and moder...


Perceptions and attitudes towards reproductive ageing among rural women in the Marrakech region (Morocco)
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of climacteric symptoms and provide an assessment of perceptions and attitudes towards the menopause among rural women. The sample consisted of 643 women attending health care centres and living in rural areas around Marrakech. The women were interviewed using a structured questionnaire addressing the women’s socio-demographic and repro...
Biocultural perspectives of vitamin D deficiency in the past
Recently, significant attention has been paid to aspects of health associated with vitamin D deficiency in the current population; this interest has coincided with identification of paleopathological features of deficiency. Vitamin D is synthesised in the skin on exposure to sunlight, and is also obtained through a small number of dietary sources. There are a number of causes of deficiency, but...


Multimodal signalling of ovulation in human and non-human primates
Communication in primates is based on multiple elements of signals, often expressed in different modalities. While some individual primate signals are relatively well described for a particular cue (e.g. copulation calls, sexual swellings) or for one specific dimension of a signal (e.g. the size of sexual swellings), few studies have simultaneously investigated the role of multiple signals and ...
Tofu feminism: can feminist theory absorb evolutionary psychology?
Despite feminist critiques, evolutionary psychology (EP) has continued to grow and garner mainstream legitimacy. Adding to its advancement are those evolutionary psychologists (EPs) who push to disrupt such critiques by attempting to join EP to the work of feminism (Buss, Fisher, Fehr, Geher, Vandermassen). Supple and dynamic, feminism has a demonstrated history of integrating outlying theories...


A module is a module is a module: evolution of modularity in Evolutionary Psychology
The concept of modularity has been central in behavioral and neural sciences since the publication of Fodor’s The Modularity of Mind (1983). Fodor strived to explain the functional architecture of the mind based on the distinction between modular and central systems. Modular systems were deemed to have certain architectural features, such as automaticity, encapsulation, and domain specificity...
An Ethnographic Study of Diabetes: Implications for the Application of Patient Centred Care in Cameroon
Participant observation was conducted to explore the understanding of diabetes and examine the implications of these understandings for providing effective patient centered care in Cameroon. Ethnographic techniques—content and thematic analysis—were used to analyze the data collected from diverse techniques. Most participants distinguished “natural,”“supernatural,” and “man-made...

Paternal Investment and the Positive Effects of Fathers among the Matrilineal Mosuo of Southwest China
The matrilineal Mosuo of Southwest China have been described as the only human society that lacks fathers and husbands. These claims are based on ethnographic descriptions of normative practices and have typically not employed rigorous tests of quantitative behavioral or demographic data to verify actual practices. Here we challenge these claims, providing quantitative evidence of paternal inve...
Science, the Media, and Interpretations of Upper Paleolithic Figurines
Using the recent discovery of the Hohle Fels figurine as a catalyst, in this article we briefly review the history of scholarship regarding Upper Paleolithic figurines that are often referred to as “Venus” figurines. We integrate this review with a critical examination of the assumptions underlying the “Venus hypothesis”—the perspective that these artifacts are best understood as sexu...

Intra-tooth stable isotope analysis of dentine: A step toward addressing selective mortality in the reconstruction of life history in the archaeological record
Intra-tooth stable isotope analysis of dentine provides a more sensitive means to examine infant and childhood life history in the past than conventional cross-sectional analyses that rely on age-at-death. In addition, reconstructions of early diet and life history using an intra-tooth approach circumvent potential problems associated with mortality bias, which may operate strongly during infan...
Towards a global scheme for carbon emissions reduction in aviation: China’s role in blocking the extension of the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme
In 2008, the European Union (EU) decided to include aviation in its Emissions Trading System (ETS) in order to realize emissions reductions in the aviation sector. However, the unilateral measure has triggered strong opposition from various actors, and now, the EU finds itself in the middle of a substantial power struggle about the creation of a global scheme for international aviation emission...

Hijos de esclavas en Córdoba (Argentina). Una aproximación al ciclo reproductivo a partir de actas de bautismo
En épocas coloniales y a principios del período independentista, la ciudad de Córdoba albergó una considerable población esclava, fundamentalmente mujeres provenientes de diferentes grupos etno-sociales que servían la mayoría de las veces en hogares de blancos. Contando con una amplia base de bautismos de hijos de esclavas realizados en la iglesia Catedral, nuestro objetivo fue estimar y...
The three lives of Gerd Baumann: a brief account of the anthropologist and his anthropology (1953–2014)
Sadly, Gerd Baumann passed away in January 2014. This paper aims to briefly delineate his personal and intellectual trajectory, from his early years in Germany, throughout his period in Great Britain, to his last years in Amsterdam. It focuses on some of the key events of his life, as well as on some of his key publications. It also introduces the role played by his mentors on his career as a w...
Iceland, rejected by McDonald's: desire and anxieties in a global crisis
Iceland's increased involvement in global economic markets in the early 2000s came to a sudden halt in autumn 2008 when Iceland became at the time the worst case of the global financial crisis. The discussion focuses on anxieties in relation to the aftermath and how they reflect internal Icelandic discussions that are entangled with Iceland's past as a Danish dependency. The closing of McDonald...
Labour activation policies and the seriousness of simulated work
Labour activation is an integral part of neo-liberal policies that attempt to tackle the problem of employment and employability in the context of the drastically changing institution of work. Reflecting the difficulty of sustaining old frameworks, labour activation, as this ethnography reveals, is anchored in circles of simulative performances of employability and work. People's motivations to...