Anthropology

Locomotor flexibility in Lepilemur explained by habitat and biomechanics
There are at present few comparable studies of lemur locomotion in the wild. This has unfortunately meant we have little knowledge about locomotor variation, and hence flexibility, with regard to differences in support availability and habitat structure. Here we compare the locomotion of Lepilemur edwardsi at Ankarafantsika with that of Lepilemur ruficaudatus at Kirindy-Mitea National Park. Whi...


Shape, size, and maturity trajectories of the human ilium
Morphological traits of the ilium have consistently been more successful for juvenile sex determination than have techniques applied to other skeletal elements, however relatively little is known about the ontogeny and maturation of size and shape dimorphism in the ilium. We use a geometric morphometric approach to quantitatively separate the ontogeny of size and shape of the ilium, and analyze...
Urban and rural infant-feeding practices and health in early medieval Central Europe (9th–10th Century, Czech Republic)
In the Central European context, the 9th and 10th centuries are well known for rapid cultural and societal changes concerning the development of the economic and political structures of states as well as the adoption of Christianity. A bioarchaeological study based on a subadult skeletal series was conducted to tackle the impact of these changes on infant and young child feeding practices and, ...


The extent of cultural variation between adjacent chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) communities; A microecological approach
Chimpanzees show cultural differences among populations across Africa but also between neighboring communities. The extent of these differences among neighbors, however, remains largely unknown. Comparing three neighboring chimpanzee community in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire, we found 27 putative cultural traits, including tool use, foraging, social interaction, communication and hunt...
The effect of differences in methodology among some recent applications of shearing quotients
A shearing quotient (SQ) is a way of quantitatively representing the Phase I shearing edges on a molar tooth. Ordinary or phylogenetic least squares regression is fit to data on log molar length (independent variable) and log sum of measured shearing crests (dependent variable). The derived linear equation is used to generate an ‘expected’ shearing crest length from molar length of included...


Sacred materialism: Things and relations in a US Pagan community
Ever since Marcel Mauss wrote The Gift, the notion that things exchanged as gifts take a personalised social form, and that they partake of and mediate relational sociality, has held an important place in anthropology. Examining material practices among contemporary Pagans in the Reclaiming tradition, this article shows how they seek to imbue things with personhood, exploring the sacredness of ...
The Neolithic Demographic Transition in Mesoamerica
The Neolithic demographic transition in Mesoamerica was a gradual process that unfolded over most of the Formative period (1800 BC–AD 200). An analysis of published records of over 6,700 pre-Hispanic burials, focusing on changing proportions of juveniles 5–19 years of age, suggests that fertility rates rose steadily during both the second and the first millennia BC. The gradual pace of the ...

Review: American Multiracialism (Chinhema's Multiracial Identity)
An abstract for this item is not available. Note: This article is a review of another work, such as a book, film, musical composition, etc. The original work is not included in the purchase of this review.Current Anthropology © 2014 The University of Chicago PressThink you might have access to this content via your library?LoginPurchase a PDFPurchase this item for $14.00 USD and download it a...
Developmental Systems and Inequality
Since the late 1990s, scholars have advocated for the adoption of political-economic approaches in biological anthropology. Despite this, the explicit application of these perspectives remains relatively rare. In this paper we argue for greater investment in this field of inquiry and advocate linking evolutionary-developmental and political-economic approaches to the study of human biology. We ...

Interferenze. Il progetto mald’è tra scena e video
ITLe operazioni di innesto tecnologico all’interno dell’evento performativo, così come i tentativi di inglobamento della scena nel video, sono negli ultimi anni al centro di attente disamine critiche sul fenomeno delle forme ibride e sull’interazione tra live e medializzato. All’interno del dibattito ancora in fieri su tali pratiche, il progetto preso in esame nell’articolo − mald...
The Undergraduate Ethnographic Field School as a Research Method
The undergraduate ethnographic field school can and should be a frequently used field research method. The key to transforming a field school from an excellent pedagogy into a viable research instrument requires the fusion of the field school with intensive postfield coauthored collaboration between field school directors and students. Engaging the field school as a full-...

The Rotten Renaissance in the Bering Strait
Situated in the Bering Strait region of Russia and Alaska, the ethnographic documentation presented here elucidates the role of the olfactory aesthetic in shaping human attitudes toward food. The focus is on the practices connected with the use of marine mammal products and recipes prepared by means of aging and fermentation. Since recent times, the olfactory responses to these historically imp...
Purpose, Permanence, and Perception of 14,000-Year-Old Architecture
Remains of early architecture at the Epipaleolithic-Neolithic transition of the Near East are commonly evaluated by means of two criteria: structure size and permanent interior features or decorations. Less attention has been given to associated refuse, which could be the key for discerning the role of architectural space in the lives and minds of the last hunter-gatherers. We consider this dim...
Relatedness, Co-residence, and Shared Fatherhood among Ache Foragers of Paraguay
Hypotheses on the benefits of the practice of partible paternity are tested using demographic data for Ache foragers of Paraguay. Partible paternity refers to the institution of multiple males considered to contribute to the conception of a single offspring. Analyses focus on patterns of primary and secondary co-fatherhood among men, genealogical relationships between co-fathers, and relation b...
Nutritional Status among Females of Bhaina Tribe of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India: An Anthropological Insight
Of malnutrition increases, being one of the significant national issues in a developing country like India. In the present study, an attempt was made to understand the sociodemographic profile and nutritional status among the Bhaina tribes of Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh. A total of 161 females (2–75 years) were screened for anthropometric measurements. Nutritional status was evaluated in four grou...