Anthropology

On the very possibility of mutual intelligibility
This paper acknowledges that the issues of translation and of translatability are general and concern the possibility of mutual intelligibility in many registers and including within a single natural language. Both anthropologists and ancient historians are faced with such problems, where the historians are at a disadvantage in not being able to check their understandings with those whom they a...


Words and worlds: Ethnography and theories of translation
If different languages orient the speaker toward different aspects of experience, then translation can be seen as a passage between lived worlds. This paper traces out some key moments in the history of translation theory in the modern West and argues that translation and ethnography require each other. Free of the constraint that professional translators produce easily digestible texts for the...
Acting translation: Ritual and prophetism in twenty-first-century indigenous Amazonia
This paper focuses on a prophetic movement led by an Amerindian from Mato Grosso, Brazil, in 2006. This man created a radically new liturgy and cosmology by combining elements borrowed from local shamanism and mythology, Christianity and TV shows, among other sources. He managed to convince entire villages to take part in spectacular healing ceremonies and gathered a huge number of followers. O...


Culinary subjectification: The translated world of menus and orders
The idea for this article began with a couple of innocent questions: How would one translate the word "menu" (i.e., restaurant menu) into the native languages of people without any experience of restaurants and menus? And how would you explain to them how ordering from the menu works? It quickly became clear that translating the word "menu" entails not only translating the world of restaurant-...
Bilingual language learning and the translation of worlds in the New Guinea Highlands and beyond
This article deals with two kinds of translation among Ku Waru people in the New Guinea Highlands: (1) translation between the local language and the national lingua franca within everyday interactions between young children and their caregivers; intercultural translation between the story world of a local genre of sung tales and the contemporary lived world of Highland Papua New Guineaas pract...


Healing translations: Moving between worlds in Achuar shamanism
This article analyzes a series of intra- and intercultural translations involved in the shamanic practices of the northern Jivaroan Achuar. First, it shows how certain states of suffering, experienced as an unwanted metamorphosis of selfhood, are reframed in the course of shamanic healing rituals as the symptoms of an insidious process of disempowerment and "whitening" unleashed by other, enemy...
Powers of incomprehension: Linguistic otherness, translators, and political structure in New Guinea tourism encounters
Meetings between Korowai of Papua and foreign tourists are an example of the historically common phenomenon of transient but close interaction between people lacking any shared language. This article contributes to a comparative anthropology of such contact communities of mutual incomprehension by exploring how Korowai and tourists take translation and incomprehension as sites for defining thei...

Transmutating beings: A proposal for an anthropology of thought
Forms of thought, from what Lévi-Strauss called the "systematization [of] what is immediately presented to the senses," to the causal theories studied by Evans-Pritchard in witchcraft, have generally been interpreted as an expression of a specific language or "culture." In this paper, I discuss this way of defining thought. Three classic objections are examined: (1) societies sharing the same...
The space of translation
This paper explores the space of translation spanning cross-cultural description and the verbal act of rendering in one language what is expressed in another. We make a three-way distinction between translation as a method of revealing difference and similarity, cultural interpretation, which is related but distinct, and endogenous translation that takes place within a single language or cultur...

Translating worlds: The epistemological space of translation
Translation has played an important but equivocal role in the history of anthropology and linguistics. At least since Saussure and Boas, languages have been seen as systems whose differences make precise translation exceedingly difficult, if not impossible. More recently, Quine has argued that, in purely abstract terms, reference is ultimately inscrutable and translation between languages is in...
A bioarchaeological approach to the reconstruction of changes in military organization among Iron Age Samnites (Vestini) From Abruzzo, Central Italy
The Samnites were an Iron Age population that shifted from warlike mountain dwellers to the largest sociopolitical unit of central Italy, able to dispute with Rome the domination over the peninsula. Archaeological and historical evidence suggests that this major shift in the scale of conflict may have involved a reorganization of the military system, which changed from an elite militia to a con...

Brain organization of gorillas reflects species differences in ecology
Gorillas include separate eastern (Gorilla beringei) and western (Gorilla gorilla) African species that diverged from each other approximately 2 million years ago. Although anatomical, genetic, behavioral, and socioecological differences have been noted among gorilla populations, little is known about variation in their brain structure. This study examines neuroanatomical variation between gori...
The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence and Dissection in the 19th-Century United States
Structural violence is harm done to individuals or groups through the normalization of social inequalities in political-economic organization. Researchers working in both modern and prehistoric contexts focus on the lived experiences of individuals and the health disparities that arise from such violence. With this article, I seek to contribute to this literature by considering how skeletal evi...
Character analysis of eddard stark in a game of thrones novel
Judul penelitian ini adalah “Analisis Karakter Eddard Stark di Novel A Game of Thrones”. Karakter adalah salah satu dari aspek terpenting dari sebuah novel. Baik atau buruknya suatu novel dapat dilihat dari baik atau tidaknya suatu karakter dibuat. Dengan memahami karakter, secara tidak langsung dapat dilihat pola pikir penulis dalam menulis novel tersebut. Oleh karena itu, analisis karakte...
The analysis of conflict in the novel “the hobbit or there and back again
Makalah ini berjudul “The Analysis of Conflict in the Novel “The Hobbit or There and Back Again” ”. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis konflik di dalam cerita “The Hobbit or There and Back Again”. Analisis difokuskan kepada karakter dan konflik di dalam cerita dan untuk mencari konflik serta bagaimana karakter menyelesaikan setiap permasalahan. Pemeran Utama dari novel ini ada...