Health

Longitudinal Myocardial Blood Flow Gradient and CAD Detection
Conventional myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with SPECT/CT or with PET/CT has been established as pivotal clinical imaging modality for the identification of hemodynamically obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and risk stratification of patients with suspected or known CAD. While the assessment of the relative distribution of radiotracer uptake in the left-ventricular (LV) myocardium du...


Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of Campylobacter cases that develop chronic sequelae
Understanding of chronic sequelae development after Campylobacter infection is limited. The objective of the study was to determine via systematic review and meta-analysis the proportion of Campylobacter cases that develop chronic sequelae. A systematic review of English language articles published prior to July 2011 located using Pubmed, Agricola, CabDirect, and Food Safety and Technology s. O...
Bicycling crash circumstances vary by route type: a cross-sectional analysis
Widely varying crash circumstances have been reported for bicycling injuries, likely because of differing bicycling populations and environments. We used data from the Bicyclists' Injuries and the Cycling Environment Study in Vancouver and Toronto, Canada, to describe the crash circumstances of people injured while cycling for utilitarian and leisure purposes. We examined the association of cra...


An exploratory study of the socio-cultural risk influences for cigarette smoking among Southern Nigerian youth
The increase in smoking prevalence in developing countries including Nigeria has been mainly blamed on the aggressive marketing strategies of big tobacco companies. There is a paucity of research on other socio-cultural risk factors for smoking among the youth. The main objective of this study is to explore and describe socio-cultural risk factors influencing cigarette smoking among the youth i...
Evaluation of corneal deformation analyzed with a Scheimpflug based device
To evaluate the correlation between corneal biomechanical and morphological data in healthy eyes. A complete clinical eye examination of naïve eyes was followed by tomographic (Pentacam, Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) and biomechanical (Corvis ST, Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) evaluation. Linear regression between central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal volume (CV) and anterior corneal curvature measu...


Comparison between Corvis and other tonometers in healthy eyes
To determine the agreement of intraocular pressure (IOP) values in healthy eyes among Goldmann applanation tonometer, dynamic contour tonometer, ocular response analyzer and Corvis. Additionally, to study the relationship between their differences with central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature (CK). Seventy-six eyes of 76 healthy subjects were examined. Every subject underwent a com...
Study of the association of total and differential white blood cells counts with geriatric conditions, cardio-vascular diseases, low-grade inflammation and telomere length
Geriatric patients are highly susceptible to infections. While reduced lymphocyte count has been associated with age, other studies found no change in WBC counts with age. Increased circulating white blood cell count (WBC) has been associated with cardiovascular (CV) diseases and frailty but there are discrepancies. Frailty, geriatric conditions, cardiovascular diseases and WBC count have also ...

Losing grip: Senescent decline in physical strength in a small-bodied primate in captivity and in the wild
Muscle strength reflects physical functioning, declines at old age and predicts health and survival in humans and laboratory animals. Age-associated muscle deterioration causes loss of strength and may impair fitness of wild animals. However, the effects of age and life-history characteristics on muscle strength in wild animals are unknown. We investigated environment- and sex-specific patterns...
The contribution of perceived ethnic discrimination to the prevalence of depression
European research on the association between perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) and health is importantly lacking. It is also unknown how much PED contributes to disease prevalence. In this study, we quantified the contribution of PED to depression in five ethnic groups in a middle-size European city. We used cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting), coll...

Cardiac MRI Findings of Endomyocardial Fibrosis (Loeffler’s Endocarditis) in a Patient with Rheumatoid arthritis
Loeffler’s endocarditis and cardiac manifestations of the hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) are rare and difficult to diagnose. We report a case of in a 36 year-old female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis with disabling dyspnea. The transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated normal systolic cardiac functions and a left ventricular apical thrombus. However, using cardiovascular magnetic re...
Reproductive and toxic effects of methanol extract of Alchornea cordifolia leaf in male rats
Alchornea cordifolia leaf is traditionally used for the treatment of venereal diseases and for the enhancement of fertility throughout its area of distribution in Africa. The effect of oral administration of the methanol extract of the leaf was evaluated on some reproductive and haematological parameters of male rats at 0 (control group), 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1600 mg kg−The toxicity study...

Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio cannot predict male semen quality: a report of 1231 subfertile Chinese men
There were controversial results between obesity-associated markers and semen quality. In this study, we investigated the correlations between age, obesity-associated markers including body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and waist circumference (WC), the combination of age and obesity-associated markers, semen parameters and serum reproductive hormone l...
Desprendimiento neurosensorial macular recurrente en fístula carótido-cavernosa
Varón de 46 años, acudió a Urgencias por disminución de agudeza visual y exoftalmos en ojo derecho. Aquejaba cefalea, diplopía de 4 meses de evolución e historia de desprendimiento neurosensorial (DNS) resuelto espontáneamente un mes antes. Presentaba tortuosidad de vasos conjuntivales y epiesclerales y nuevo DNS macular derecho. La sospecha de fístula carótido-cavernosa quedó confirm...
A multicentre phase III randomised controlled single-masked clinical trial evaluating the clinical efficacy and safety of light-masks at preventing dark-adaptation in the treatment of early diabetic macular oedema (CLEOPATRA): study protocol for a randomi
This study will evaluate hypoxia, as a novel concept in the pathogenesis of diabetic macular oedema (DMO). As the oxygen demand of the eye is maximum during dark-adaptation, we hypothesize that wearing light-masks during sleep will cause regression and prevent the development and progression of DMO. The study protocol comprises both an efficacy and mechanistic evaluation to test this hypothesis...
Characteristics of elderly people living in non-air-conditioned homes
The present study aimed to clarify the characteristics of elderly people living in non-air-conditioned homes. A questionnaire survey conducted in Misato city in July 2013 revealed that 96.1 % of elderly individuals lived in air-conditioned homes. Elderly individuals living without air conditioners tended to be men, and those who were unmarried, living alone, or living in an apartment. The resu...