Psychology

Short-term induction of assimilation and accommodation
The dual-process model of developmental regulation distinguishes two processes of self-regulation (assimilation = tenacious goal pursuit, and accommodation = flexible goal adjustment) that depend on differing conditions, but both contribute to successful development. Four experiments were conducted to investigate whether assimilation and accommodation can be induced or at least shifted by senso...


Surviving a brain tumor in childhood: impact on family functioning in adolescence
To investigate family functioning in families with an adolescent survivor of a pediatric brain tumor. We explored whether adolescent, parent, disease and treatment factors, and demographic characteristics predicted family functioning. In this cross-sectional study, 45 adolescent survivors of pediatric brain tumors and their parents completed self-report questionnaires on family functioning, and...
The Role of the Helicopter Pilot in Terms of Relevant Requirements for Helicopter Takeoff
Currently, the German Aerospace Center performs research on assistance systems for helicopters that help pilots to perform their missions even in bad weather conditions. One part of the assistance system is the navigation system with automatic flight path planning. The objective of this article is to clarify if pilots perform the planning of flight paths in the same way. An interview with 68 pa...


Gestational Trophoblastic Disease: A Multimodality Imaging Approach with Impact on Diagnosis and Management
Gestational trophoblastic disease is a condition of uncertain etiology, comprised of hydatiform mole (complete and partial), invasive mole, choriocarcinoma, and placental site trophoblastic tumor. It arises from abnormal proliferation of trophoblastic tissue. Early diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease and its potential complications is important for timely and successful management of...
The Development of a Measure to Assess Perceptions of the Advanced Aircraft Training Climate
Training attitudes and airline pilots’ specific learning experiences are antecedents, which affect human behavior on the flight deck in various ways. This article reports on the development and psychometric evaluation of a scale to assess aviators’ perceptions of the training environment associated with technologically complex advanced aircraft. A sample of 229 airline pilots provided data ...


Treadmill walking during vocabulary encoding improves verbal long-term memory
Moderate physical activity improves various cognitive functions, particularly when it is applied simultaneously to the cognitive task. In two psychoneuroendocrinological within-subject experiments, we investigated whether very low-intensity motor activity, i.e. walking, during foreign-language vocabulary encoding improves subsequent recall compared to encoding during physical rest. Furthermore,...
Competent Adolescent Readers’ Use of Internet Reading Strategies: A Think-Aloud Study
The purpose of this study was to investigate the type, pattern, and complexity of Internet reading strategies used by seven accomplished high school readers. Individual participants performed an academic Internet reading task with the goal of developing critical questions about their chosen controversial topic. Strategies for Internet reading were analyzed from the perspective of constructively...

The Bonds of Empathy: Beyond the Selfobject Concept
In Kohut’s last paper he used Odysseus as his icon of mental health due to Odysseus’ refusal to kill his son to avoid conscription. It is argued that Odysseus’ decision cannot be accounted for within the framework of a selfobject conceptualization. By using Odysseus’ decision as a signature indicator of the healthy self, Kohut went beyond the selfobject in defining mental health, albeit...
No effect of oral tyrosine on total tyrosine levels in breast milk: implications for dietary supplementation in early postpartum
Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common complication of childbearing with a 13 % prevalence rate, and there is no widespread approach for prevention. There is an appealing theoretical rationale for oral tyrosine to help prevent PPD. However, the effect of oral tyrosine on its total and free concentrations in breast milk and plasma of breastfeeding mothers is not known. Twenty-four healt...

Infidelity and kin selection: Does cheating seem as bad when it’s “all in the family”?
The current study explored people’s perceptions of how they would feel if their partners cheated on them by having sex with their relatives, such as if a man’s wife had sex with his brother. Kin selection theory suggests that in such situations, victims of infidelity might feel slightly better if their partners had sex with biological relatives (compared to sex with nonrelatives) because so...
Effects of teacher–child interaction training (tcit) on teacher ratings of behavior change
Behaviors in preschool-aged children negatively affect teacher-child relationships and children's skill development. In this clinical replication of an initial study, we implemented Teacher–Child Interaction Training (TCIT), a teacher-delivered, universal intervention designed for early childhood settings. The initial study evaluated the TCIT program in a sample of 4- to 5-year-old children, ...

Preliminary Investigation of the Impact of a Web-Based Module on Direct Behavior Rating Accuracy
The purpose of this study was to provide initial evaluation of a web-based training module on rating accuracy when using Direct Behavior Rating (DBR). Components of the training module included (a) an overview familiarizing users with assessing student behavior with this method, (b) modeling that includes frame-of-reference training, and (c) multiple opportunities to practice and receive immedi...
Power, communion and satisfaction: Authenticity as a common mediator in China
We investigated the mediating effect of authenticity on the ability of power and communion to predict feelings of satisfaction in work, romantic and friendship roles in a Chinese sample. That authenticity mediates the effect of power on satisfaction in specific roles has been previously demonstrated in studies with Western participants, and this study sought to replicate these findings in an Ea...
Making Support Work: The Interplay between Social Support and Social Identity
Previous research has found mixed results regarding the stress buffering effects of social support. In an attempt to explain these findings, we build on the social identity approach. Specifically, we hypothesize that social support is more likely to buffer stress reactions if a shared social identity between the provider and recipient of support is evoked. Using the Trier Social Stress Test (TS...
Essentializing Ethnicity: Identification Constraint Reduces Diversity Interest
The present research investigates the effects of a subtle essentialist cue: restricting individuals to identify with only one ethnicity. Although this constraint is mundane and commonly used in everyday life, it sends a message of essentialized group differences. Three studies illustrate the harmful impact of this essentialist cue on diversity. Studies 1a and 1b show that it decreases Asian-Ame...