Psychology

Examining gender differences in received, provided, and invisible social control: an application of the dual-effects model
The dual-effects model of social control not only assumes that social control leads to better health practices but also arouses psychological distress. However, findings are inconsistent. The present study advances the current literature by examining social control from a dyadic perspective in the context of smoking. In addition, the study examines whether control, continuous smoking abstinence...


The Evolution of Cancer Risk Assessment in the Era of Next Generation Sequencing
Cancer genetics professionals face a new opportunity and challenge in adapting to the availability of cancer genetic testing panels, now available as a result of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology. While cancer panels have been available for over a year, we believe that there is not yet enough data to create practice guidelines. Despite this, a year of experience allows us to provide o...
Sense of Coherence and Gender as a Predictor of the Effect of Laboratory Induced Stress on Cognitive Performance
The current experimental study examined sense of coherence (SOC) as a predictor of the effect of induced stress (time limit and posing a threat) on the level of overall cognitive performance (based on three subscales: mathematics, shapes and analogies). indicated the following: (a) induced stress (experimental group, n = 80) scored lower on the overall cognitive score, compared to the no-stress...


Relationship between psychopathy, aggression, anger, impulsivity, and intermittent explosive disorder
Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) in DSM-5 represents a disorder of recurrent, problematic, reactive (i.e., affective or impulsive), aggressive behavior that, over the lifetime, affects about 5–6% of individuals in the United States. While aggression is also observed in those with psychopathic personality, aggression in this context is frequently proactive rather than reactive, and neurob...
Angiotensin II and Vascular Injury
Vascular injury, characterized by endothelial dysfunction, structural remodelling, inflammation and fibrosis, plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases. Cellular processes underlying this include altered vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth/apoptosis, fibrosis, increased contractility and vascular calcification. Associated with these events is VSMC differentiation and phenotypic s...


Fructose and Uric Acid: Is There a Role in Endothelial Function?
Population level data support that consumption of fructose and fructose-based sweeteners has dramatically increased and suggest that high dietary intake of fructose is an important factor in the development of the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRS). The CRS is a constellation of cardiac, kidney and metabolic disorders including insulin resistance, obesity, metabolic dyslipidemia, high blood p...
New Components of the Renin-Angiotensin System: Alamandine and the Mas-Related G Protein-Coupled Receptor D
The renin-angiotensin system is an important component of the central and humoral mechanisms of blood pressure and hydro-electrolytic balance control. Angiotensin II is a key player of this system. Twenty-five years ago the first manuscripts describing the formation and actions of another peptide of the RAS, angiotensin-(1-7), were published. Since then several publications have shown that angi...

Threat ≠ prevention, challenge ≠ promotion: The impact of threat, challenge and regulatory focus on attention to negative stimuli
The purpose of the current experiment was to distinguish between the impact of strategic and affective forms of gain- and loss-related motivational states on the attention to negative stimuli. On the basis of the counter-regulation principle and regulatory focus theory, we predicted that individuals would attend more to negative than to neutral stimuli in a prevention focus and when experiencin...
'Recognition of Asperger’s Syndrome in adolescent patient with Bipolar Disorder: A case report’
Asperger’s syndrome (AS) is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impairment in social interaction and restricted repetitive behaviors or interests. This disorder is rarely recognized in adolescence or adulthood especially because of unawareness for AS among clinicians and the confounding effects of the comorbid psychiatric conditions. Diagnosing this neurodevelopmental diso...

Valproic Acid Induced Hyperammonaemic Encephalopathy: case report
Hyperammonemia is a well-known complication of valproic acid therapy. Cases of encephalopathy triggered by vaproic acid related hyperammonemia have been reported in the recent years and regular blood ammonium follow-up is suggested. Polypharmacy, malnutrition, urea cycle disorders are risk factors for encephalopathy triggered by vaproic acid related hyperammonemia. We report a case of symptomat...
The Efficacy of Computerized Cognitive Training in Adults With ADHD: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This is a randomized control trial examining the efficiency of computerized cognitive training (CCT) for adults with ADHD, comparing two training conditions with graded levels of executive cognitive demands. Adults with ADHD (n = 60) were randomized into study (n = 34) and control (n = 26) groups. Training was conducted with the computerized AttenFocus program. Control group received a simple, ...

School Maladjustment and External Locus of Control Predict the Daytime Sleepiness of College Students With ADHD
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether school maladjustment longitudinally predicts the daytime sleepiness of college students with ADHD above and beyond symptoms of ADHD and to determine whether internalizing dimensions mediate the relationship between maladjustment and sleepiness. A prospective longitudinal study of 59 college students comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD who co...
Palivizumab Compliance by Infants in Puerto Rico During the 2009–2010 Respiratory Syncytial Virus Season
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants. We assessed palivizumab prophylaxis compliance for infants in Puerto Rico. We retrospectively studied data from 868 infants (409 females, 459 males) during the 2009–2010 RSV season. The infants had a mean gestational age of 33 weeks (range 23–41) and a mean birth weight o...
The nature of compounds: A psychocentric perspective
Although compound words often seem to be words that themselves contain words, this paper argues that this is not the case for the vast majority of lexicalized compounds. Rather, it is claimed that as a result of acts of lexical processing, the constituents of compound words develop into new lexical representations. These representations are bound to specific morphological roles and positions (e...
A twin-case study of developmental number sense impairment
The current study reports on 9-year-old monozygotic twin girls who fail to make any progress in learning basic mathematics in primary education. We tested the hypothesis that the twins' core maths problems were deficits in number sense that manifested as impairments in approximate and small number systems, resulting in impairment in nonsymbolic as well as in symbolic processing. While age-match...