Psychiatry

Firesetting Patterns, Symptoms and Motivations of Insanity Acquittees Charged with Arson Offences
The relationship between mental illness and firesetting remains poorly understood, with limited guidance available for clinicians required to assess mentally ill firesetters. The aim of this study was to describe firesetting behaviour, psychiatric symptoms and motivations at the time of firesetting and identify firesetter sub-groups. Arson offences referred to a Mental Health Court over a 10-ye...


Relevance and Coherence as Measures of Quality in Forensic Psychological Reports
The goal of this research is to provide a general portrait of forensic psychological reports under the Portuguese justice system. An analysis of 106 reports in terms of their relevance and coherence was conducted since these two dimensions appear to be key to better understanding some of the specific characteristics related to the overall quality of forensic psychological reports. A grid was co...
Heavy User stationärer psychiatrischer Behandlung: Vergleich nach Diagnosegruppen
Quantitative und qualitative Erfassung von Patienten mit starker Inanspruchnahme („heavy user“ – HU) stationärer psychiatrischer Behandlung. Screening zur Erfassung von Patienten mit ≥ 3 Voraufenthalten oder ≥ 100 Tagen Aufenthalt pro Jahr. Im Rekrutierungszeitraum von 9 Monaten kamen 1217 Personen zur Aufnahme, wovon 132 (10,8 %) als HU identifiziert wurden. HU hatten am häuf...


Risk factors for polyuria in a cross-section of community psychiatric lithium-treated patients
Polyuria increases the risk of dehydration and lithium toxicity in lithium-treated patients. Risk factors have been inconsistently described and the variance of this adverse effect remains poorly understood. This study aimed to establish independent risk factors for polyuria in a community, secondary-level lithium-treated sample of patients. This was a cross-sectional study of the lithium-treat...
Abnormal white matter integrity in long-term abstinent alcohol dependent patients
A number of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have reported substantial white matter (WM) abnormalities in alcohol-dependent patients. These studies were usually performed in recovering alcohol-dependent patients who had been abstinent for days to several weeks. The current study was designed to examine WM microstructure and decision-making in a sample of long-term abstinent alcohol-depend...


Enhanced action tendencies in high versus low obsessive-compulsive symptoms: an event-related potential study
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by repeated thoughts and behaviors. Inhibitory deficits are presumably related to the onset and maintenance of this disorder. The present study investigated whether obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms are related to enhanced response tendencies in reaction to external stimuli. Our goal was to search for direct evidence of a...
The depression in women in pregnancy and postpartum period: A follow-up study
This was a follow-up study to determine postpartum depression (PPD) and its causes in a population previously evaluated in the first trimester of pregnancy. The study sample consisted of pregnant women who were evaluated in the first trimester and 360 women who were re-evaluated in the postpartum period. Detailed sociodemographic data were obtained from the women, and depression was assessed wi...

The Relationship of Serum Cortisol Levels with Depression, Cognitive Function and Sleep Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease and Hemodialysis Patients
In the present study, the relationships between cortisol, cognitive function, depressive behavior, and sleep quality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients was investigated. Patients underwent history taking, physical examination, biochemical analysis, 24-h urine collection (for CKD patients only), measurement of dialysis adequacy (for HD patients only), evaluation of co...
Clinical Predictors of Diagnostic Status in Individuals with Social Anxiety Disorder
In psychiatric patients, comorbidity tends to be the rule, rather than the exception. This is especially true for patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD), but research on the implications of diagnostic status has been limited. This study aimed to examine the frequency of SAD as: (1) the only diagnosis, a principal diagnosis with comorbid conditions, or a comorbid condition when another diag...

Seizure threshold and the half-age method in bilateral electroconvulsive therapy in Japanese patients
Seizure threshold in electroconvulsive therapy has not been reported previously in Japanese patients. We investigated seizure thresholds in bilateral electroconvulsive therapy in Japanese patients using the dose titration method. We examined associations between demographic and clinical characteristics and seizure threshold to identify the predictive factors of seizure thresholds. Finally, we e...
One-year follow-up study of PTSD and depression in elderly aboriginal people in Taiwan after Typhoon Morakot
This paper describes a 1-year follow-up study of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and depression in an elderly minority population who experienced Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan. The PTSD Symptom Scale - Interview and the 10-item short form Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale were used to examine PTSD symptomatology and depression in 120 victims at 3–6 months an...

Evaluating subjective domains of antipsychotic-induced adverse effects using heart rate variability
Antipsychotic-induced autonomic dysregulation may lead to a wide range of subjective side effects in patients with schizophrenia. Using heart rate variability (HRV) measures, we prospectively examined the relationship between subjective side effects and cardiac autonomic regulation in unmedicated patients with schizophrenia. Forty-five unmedicated patients with schizophrenia were assessed for a...
Impact of alcohol consumption in healthy adults: A magnetic resonance imaging investigation
The impact of alcohol on brain morphology was studied in a large group of cognitively intact people whose consumption of alcohol was below the threshold for abuse. Participants were 367 healthy subjects, aged 18 years or older, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for reasons other than cognitive impairment. MRI analyses were carried out using SPM8 software on the MATLAB 7.9 platform....
The influence of life events on physical activity patterns of Dutch older adults: A life history method
Physical activity (PA) can improve well-being and health during older age. This study explored how life events influence PA patterns of older adults.Design: Seventeen interviews with older adults were conducted using a life history method. PA patterns during the life course were identified, including information on when, how and why changes in PA occurred. Four different response patterns that ...
‘Sticking to a healthy diet is easier for me when I exercise regularly’: Cognitive transfer between physical exercise and healthy nutrition
Long-term rehabilitation success depends on regular exercise and healthy nutrition. The present study introduces a new framework to explain this association on a psychosocial level. The exercise–nutrition relationship was investigated by exploring the sequential mediation of habit strength and transfer cognitions.Analyses were performed at two measurement points in time (at 12 and 18 months...