Psychiatry

‘See it doesn’t look pretty does it?’ Young adults’ airbrushed drinking practices on Facebook
A range of negative health outcomes are associated with young adults’ drinking practices. One key arena where images of, and interaction about, drinking practices occurs is social networking sites, particularly Facebook. This study investigated the ways in which young adults’ talked about and understood their uses of Facebook within their drinking practices. Face-to-face, semi-structured in...


The role of action and coping planning in the relationship between intention and physical activity: A moderated mediation analysis
Using a moderated mediation model, the present study investigated whether the mediation of intention into physical activity (PA) behaviour via action planning depends on the level of coping planning. A four-month prospective study was conducted among 157 French adults, who were recruited through a web-based survey. They were administrated measures of behavioural intention and sociodemographic v...
Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety After the Disclosure of the Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease
Many people fear that the disclosure of the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) to patients will prompt depressive symptoms or catastrophic reactions. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the modification of anxiety and depressive symptoms 3 months after the disclosure of the diagnosis of AD. A total of 100 consecutive newly diagnosed patients with AD (mild or moderate stage) and their caregivers...


Neuropsychological and Neuropsychiatric Prediction of Global Cognitive Status Among Older Spanish-Speaking Hispanics and English-Speaking Whites
Neuropsychological and depression measures have been found to predict cognitive functioning. We compared these associations among whites and Spanish-speaking Hispanics. Fifty-two pairs of whites and Hispanics were matched demographically and clinically in a cross-sectional study. Hierarchical regression analyses predicted Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) rating by baseline neuropsychological te...
Effectiveness of modified therapeutic community treatment within a medium-secure service for personality-disordered offenders
There is debate as to whether secure hospital treatment for offenders with personality disorder can be effective relative to criminal justice interventions. This study examines the evidence for long-term treatment of such offenders in hospital within in a modified therapeutic community model including accredited offending behaviour programmes. A panel sample of 47 patients were followed up on m...


Step-down versus outpatient psychotherapeutic treatment for personality disorders: 6-year follow-up of the Ulleval personality project
Although psychotherapy is considered the treatment of choice for patients with personality disorders (PDs), there is no consensus about the optimal level of care for this group of patients. This study reports the results from the 6-year follow-up of the Ulleval Personality Project (UPP), a randomized clinical trial comparing outpatient individual psychotherapy with a long-term step-down treatme...
Possible delayed effect of unemployment on suicidal rates: the case of Hungary
During the last few years, many countries in Europe suffered from a severe economic crisis which resulted in high unemployment rates. In this frame, the possible relationship between unemployment rate and suicidal rates at the level of the general population has been debated recently. The official data concerning completed suicides and unemployment rates from the Hungarian Central Statistical O...

Throwing Away the Key: The Ethics of Risk Assessment for Preventive Detention Schemes
Preventive detention schemes that aim to protect the community from certain ‘dangerous’ individuals have long existed. While risk assessment is now pervasive in the management and treatment of many individuals, it raises particular issues when a person's liberty is at stake on the basis of what that person might do. This R. G. Myers Memorial Lecture addresses the ethical issues raised by me...
A common microdeletion affecting a hippocampus- and amygdala-specific isoform of tryptophan hydroxylase 2 is not associated with affective disorders
Copy number variants (CNVs) have been shown to affect susceptibility for neuropsychiatric disorders. To date, studies implicating the serotonergic system in complex conditions have just focused on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We therefore sought to identify novel common genetic copy number polymorphisms affecting genes of the serotonergic system, and to assess their putative role in ...

Biological Overlap of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from Copy Number Variants
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often co-occur and share genetic risks. The aim of this analysis was to determine more broadly whether ADHD and ASD share biological underpinnings. We compared copy number variant (CNV) data from 727 children with ADHD and 5,081 population controls to data from 996 individuals with ASD and an independent set of 1...
Reliability and Validity of the Online Continuous Performance Test Among Children
The study assesses the reliability and validity of a new Online Continuous Performance Test (OCPT) for measuring sustained attention, response inhibition, and response time consistency among children. The study sample comprised 73 children (6-13 years), 47 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and 24 in the control group. The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children was admin...

Construct Validity of the Memory for Intentions Screening Test (MIST) in Healthy Older Adults
The Memory for Intentions Screening Test (MIST) is a clinical measure of prospective memory. There is emerging support for the sensitivity and ecological relevance of the MIST in clinical populations. In the present study, the construct validity of the MIST was evaluated in 40 younger (18-30 years), 24 young-old (60-69 years), and 37 old-old (70+ years) healthy adults. Consistent with expectati...
Stability and Change in Generative Concern: Evidence from a Longitudinal Survey
Longitudinal data taken at a ten-year interval from a large, nationally representative sample were used to examine stability and change in generative concern, as measured by a reduced form of the Loyola Generativity Scale (LGS). Rank-order stability over a ten year period was high (r > .6) among those respondents 30 or older at the time of first measurement. Mean scores on the LGS increa...
Systeeminterventie bij de obsessieve-compulsieve stoornis
Mensen met een obsessieve-compulsieve stoornis (OCS) betrekken vaak hun omgeving in de dwangsymptomen. De interactie rondom dwang levert veel stress op en houdt de OCS in stand. Bij GGZ inGeest is een systeeminterventie ontwikkeld om de impact van OCS op de omgeving te verminderen. In dit artikel wordt de systeeminterventie geïllustreerd aan de hand van een casus.
Voor jezelf beginnen… of niet?
Het starten van een eigen praktijk is niet zo moeilijk. Het hoofd boven water houden als zelfstandig ondernemer wel. In deze bijdrage wil ik psychologen een aantal instrumenten aanreiken, dat hen kan helpen om de knoop door te hakken om wel of niet voor zichzelf te beginnen.