Psychiatry

Bangladeshi parental ethnotheories in the United Kingdom: Towards cultural collaborations in clinical practice
Parental meaning systems (ethnotheories) constitute a very important part of the context in which children live and develop. Parental ethnotheories are in turn shaped by implicit cultural ideals that organize parental beliefs and actions and frame child-rearing practices. The article presents a qualitative research into Bangladeshi parental ethnotheories in the United Kingdom, which illustrates...


Impulse control disorders in elderly patients
There is no epidemiological study on the prevalence of impulse control disorders (ICDs) in the elderly population. The studies on ICDs in elderly patients are limited and some of them are case reports about pathological gambling and kleptomania. The comorbidity of other psychiatric disorders makes diagnosis difficult and has negative effects on both treatment and the prognosis of ICDs. The aim ...
Affective temperament and attachment in adulthood in patients with Bipolar Disorder and Cyclothymia
To examine attachment and affective temperament in patients who have been diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder and to investigate possible differences in both variables among Bipolar I Disorder (BD-I), Bipolar II Disorder (BD-II), and cyclothymic patients. Ninety (45 male and 45 female) outpatients with bipolar or cyclothymic disorder between the ages of 18 and 65years were recruited consecutively b...


Does Harm Avoidance mediate effects of recollected parental bonding on mental distress in adulthood?
Adverse early life conditions such as perceived low quality of parental bonding increase vulnerability to stress and psychopathology in adulthood. However, the mechanisms by which perceptions of parental bonding translate into vulnerability are unclear and remain sparsely investigated in healthy populations. We proposed a model, in which the personality trait Harm Avoidance would mediate effect...
Can cognitive deficits differentiate between schizophrenia with and without obsessive–compulsive symptoms?
The frequent occurrence of obsessive–compulsive symptoms (OCS) in the course of schizophrenia and their impact on the functional outcome of the illness underlie the suggestion that the presence of OCS represents a separate subtype of schizophrenia, with a distinct clinical presentation and prognosis and specific neurobiological characteristics. This study investigated whether the presence of ...


Self-reported quality of life and clinician-rated functioning in mood and anxiety disorders: Relationships and neuropsychological correlates
This study aimed to investigate 1) the relationship between subjective perception of quality of life (QoL) and clinician-rated levels of psychosocial functioning and 2) the relationship of these indicators with neuropsychological performances, in a sample of 117 subjects with mood and anxiety disorders hospitalized for a 4-week psychiatric rehabilitation program. At the beginning of the hospita...
Malignant self-regard: Accounting for commonalities in vulnerably narcissistic, depressive, self-defeating, and masochistic personality disorders
Several personality disorders (PDs) have been of interest in the clinical literature, yet failed to have been adequately represented in the diagnostic manuals. Some of these are masochistic, self-defeating, depressive, and narcissistic PDs. The theoretical and empirical relationships among these disorders are reviewed. It is proposed that a particular type of self-structure, malignant self-rega...

Assessing alexithymia and emotional awareness: Relations between measures in a German non-clinical sample
The aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties and relations between two different methods of measuring alexithymia and one measure of emotional awareness in a German non-clinical sample. The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia (TSIA), and the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), which is a performance-based measure ...
Distress intolerance in substance dependent patients
This study seeks to extend the literature by examining distress tolerance (DT) levels for a substance dependent group of individuals. Next, it considers the potential relationship of DT levels with substance dependence features and finally, it compares those factors with a healthy control group. This study included 93 individuals (49 substance dependent and 44 healthy controls). Participants we...

Mental pain as a mediator of suicidal tendency: A path analysis
This study used path-analysis to examine the assumption that the presence of mental pain in adults mediates the relationship between self-destruction, number of losses experienced in one’s life, and suicidal tendency. Fifty suicidal inpatients, 50 non-suicidal inpatients and 50 healthy volunteers were assessed for self-destruction, losses experienced, depression, suicidal tendency, and mental...
Insight in adults with obsessive–compulsive disorder
The present study examined the clinical correlates of insight among adults with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). One hundred and thirty treatment-seeking adults with a primary diagnosis of OCD, aged 18 to 68 years (mean 31.4 years) participated. Measures of clinical severity, obsessive–compulsive symptom dimensions, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and ability to resist and contro...

Is cognitive behaviour therapy of benefit for melancholic depression?
This paper seeks to determine the relevance and likely salience of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) as a treatment for melancholic depression. The findings of a randomised trial comparing 12-week outcome of 18 patients with melancholic depression receiving antidepressant medication and 11 receiving CBT were evaluated, and qualitative explanations for the outcomes were provided principally by t...
Neuroinflammation in the fetus exposed to maternal obsessive–compulsive disorder during pregnancy: A comparative study on cord blood tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels
The relationship between maternal psychiatric disorders and fetal neurodevelopment is unclear. Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is relatively frequent during pregnancy. The study aimed to investigate whether maternal OCD during pregnancy affects fetal circulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels, an important pro-inflammatory cytokine, by comparing cord blood TNF-α levels in ne...
Prognostic implications of paranoia and thought disorder in new onset psychosis
This study follows a group of 174 young people with new onset of schizotypal symptoms and examines factors which may lead to conversion to psychosis. These prodromal subjects were screened for symptoms and later given the Structured Clinical Interview of DSM-III-R at one year, two years and ten years post onset. We also included the Paranoia Scale of Fenigstein and Vanable and the Scale for Tho...
Panic symptom clusters differentially predict suicide ideation and attempt
Increasingly strong evidence links anxiety disorders in general and panic attacks in particular to suicidality. The underlying causes and specifics of this relation, however, remain unclear. The present article sought to begin addressing this question by clarifying the association between panic symptoms and suicidality. Data were sampled from the NESARC epidemiological data set from the US and ...