Nutrition

Three-graded stratification of carbohydrate restriction by level of baseline hemoglobin A1c for type 2 diabetes patients with a moderate low-carbohydrate diet
A moderate low-carbohydrate diet has been receiving attention in the dietary management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A fundamental issue has still to be addressed; how much carbohydrate delta-reduction (Deltacarbohydrate) from baseline would be necessary to achieve a certain decrease in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. We investigated the effects of three-graded stratification of carbohydrate restr...


Gender differences in the relationship between blood pressure and body mass index during adolescence
In adults, gender and obesity play significant roles in the regulation of blood pressure (BP). This study investigated the effects of gender and body mass index (BMI) on BP during adolescence. A cross-sectional and longitudinal study involving 6838 students under twenty years old (median, eighteen years old; male, 4624; female, 2214) at Osaka University visited the Healthcare Center for their m...
Les relations entre microbiote intestinal et lipides
L’intestin humain héberge une communauté bactérienne complexe appelée microbiote intestinal. Ce microbiote est spécifique de chaque individu malgré l’existence d’un nombre limité d’espèces bactériennes partagées par la majorité des adultes. L’étude d’animaux axéniques (dépourvus de microbiote intestinal) a permis de mettre en évidence l’influence exercée par ce mic...


Evaluation of assessment in the context of work-based learning: Qualitative perspectives of new graduates
Evaluation or assessment of competence is an important step to ensure the safety and efficacy of health professionals, including dietitians. Most competency-based assessment studies are focused on valid and reliable methods of assessment for the preparation of entry-level dietitians, few papers have explored student dietitians' perceptions of these evaluations. The present study aimed to explor...
Determining the ‘healthiness’ of foods marketed to children on television using the Food Standards Australia New Zealand nutrient profiling criteria
To investigate the potential of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand nutrient profiling criterion to underpin restrictions on the advertising of ‘unhealthy’ foods to children by comparing it to other established criteria. Two weeks of food advertising from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on three Sydney television channels was categorised as passing or failing the nutrient profiling criteria...


Evaluation of Nutrition Care Process documentation in electronic patient records: Need of improvement
High-quality documentation in patient records is essential for patient safety and plays a prominent role in the delivery and evaluation of dietetic/nutrition care. We aimed to evaluate dietitians' documentation in patient records according to the four steps in the Nutrition Care Process: assessment, diagnosis, intervention and monitoring/evaluation. A retrospective audit of 147 systematically c...
Nutritional consequences of a fast food eating occasion are associated with choice of quick-service restaurant chain
The aim of the present study was to explore fast food purchasing behaviours and motivations and to assess whether eating at different quick-service restaurant (QSR) chains affects macronutrient consumption of a fast food eating occasion. A cross-sectional computer-based survey was completed by consumers at a local fair or via an external hyperlink. Consumers were at least 16 years and had pur...

Utility of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance compared to deuterium dilution for assessment of total body water
Multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) may provide a quick, cost-efficient method of total body water (TBW) assessment. We compared TBW estimates from the Biospace InBody 520, 720, and S10 MF-BIA devices to TBW estimates from isotopic deuterium dilution (D2O). TBW was measured in 25 men and 25 women, 18–49 years, 73.6 ± 15.4 kg on each of the three devices and from D2O...
Inter- and intra-rater reliability of digitally captured images of plate waste
Digital intake estimation has been shown to be strongly correlated with real-time visual estimation of dietary intake in cafeterias and long term care settings. The objectives of the present study were to estimate intra- and interrater agreement for digitally captured plate waste in hospitalised adults. Lunch plates (n = 106) of hospitalised adults were photographed immediately prior to tray co...

Transitions in reflective practice: Exploring student development and preferred methods of engagement
Health-care professional students are required to demonstrate their reflective practice skills during their degree training programme. Online and digital technologies are increasingly being used to support this skill development. Our study aimed to explore whether different technology-based methods supported student growth and skill development in reflective practice at separate developmental t...
Very low calorie diet without aspartame in obese subjects: improved metabolic control after 4 weeks treatment
Very low calorie diet (VLCD) is routinely used in programs for treatment of obesity and before bariatric surgery in order to reduce risk of postoperative complications. Aspartame, an artificial sweetener, is commonly used in VLCD and is well approved as a food additive without any adverse effects. The development of a new fructose containing VLCD formula without aspartame raises questions as to...

Amyloid-beta (Aβ1–42)-induced paralysis in Caenorhabditis elegans is inhibited by the polyphenol quercetin through activation of protein degradation pathways
Dietary polyphenols are suggested to play a role in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, of which accumulation of aggregated beta amyloid (Aβ) is a key histopathological hallmark. We used the transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans strain CL2006, which expresses human Aβ1–42 under control of a muscle-specific promoter and responds to Aβ1–42 aggregation with paralysis, to test effects of the ...
Consortium analysis of gene and gene–folate interactions in purine and pyrimidine metabolism pathways with ovarian carcinoma risk
We reevaluated previously reported associations between variants in pathways of one-carbon (1-C) (folate) transfer genes and ovarian carcinoma (OC) risk, and in related pathways of purine and pyrimidine metabolism, and assessed interactions with folate intake. and resultsOdds ratios (OR) for 446 genetic variants were estimated among 13 410 OC cases and 22 635 controls, and among 2281 cases an...
Punicalagin inhibits neuroinflammation in LPS-activated rat primary microglia
In this study, the effects of punicalagin on neuroinflammation in LPS-activated microglia were investigated. and resultsThe ability of punicalagin to reduce the production of TNF-α, IL-6 and prostaglandin E2 was measured in culture medium using enzyme immunoassay. TNF-α and IL-6 gene expression in mouse hippocampal slices was measured with PCR. cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E ...
Association between Intake of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Circulating 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration among Premenopausal Women
Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased in North America and seems to have several adverse health effects possibly through decreased circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake and 25(OH)D concentrations among premenopausal women. Intake of sugar-sweetened bever...