Nutrition

Éducation thérapeutique et parcours de soins de la personne obèse
L’obésité est une maladie chronique évolutive dont le développement est fortement associé au mode de vie et donc au comportement de la personne dans son environnement. Ce sont là précisément les cibles de l’éducation thérapeutique du patient (ETP), qui est considérée comme la pierre angulaire de la prise en charge de l’obésité dans le Plan obésité (PO). L’analyse de la s...


Impact of basal diet on dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis in rats
Dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis is a widely used model for inflammatory bowel disease. However, various factors including nutrition may affect the development of this colitis. This study aimed to compare and characterize the impact of purified and non-purified basal diets on the development of DSS-induced colitis in the rat. Wistar rats were fed a non-purified or a semi-synthetic ...
Prospective relevance of fruit and vegetable consumption and salt intake during adolescence for blood pressure in young adulthood
Fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and salt intake are known dietary influences on blood pressure (BP) in adults, but data on their long-term relevance during growth for later BP are rare. We aimed to examine the independent and concomitant influences of adolescent FV and salt intakes on BP in young adulthood. In total, 206 participants (108 males) provided a plausible BP measurement in young...


Adherence to Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and serum lipid, lipoprotein and homocysteine concentrations at birth
Mediterranean diet consumption is associated to low prevalence of major degenerative diseases. Low Mediterranean-diet-adherence (MDA) score has been related to high insulin and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance levels at birth. The relationship between maternal MDA and offspring lipoprotein profile at birth has been scarcely reported. Cross-sectional study aimed to study the relat...
A novel Mediterranean diet index from Lebanon: comparison with Europe
To propose an index for assessing adherence to a Middle Eastern version of the Mediterranean diet as represented by the Traditional Lebanese Mediterranean diet (LMD), to evaluate the association between the LMD and selected European Mediterranean diets (EMD), and to examine socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) among Lebanese adults. Using nationally...


Analysis of Nutrition Practices and Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Infants With Intestinal Surgery
The incidence of intestinal failure–associated liver disease (IFALD) varies following intestinal surgical intervention in infants, ranging from 25% to 60%. Although IFALD resolves in some infants, 40% of infants who require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) progress to liver failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of IFALD at our center among infants requirin...
Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School Children
This randomized, controlled trial examined the effects of canned pineapple consumption on immunomodulation, nutritional status, and physical health of ninety-eight (98) school children with mean age of . The study participants were divided into three groups: Group A (33) includes subjects who were not given canned pineapple, Group B (33) includes those who were given 140 g, and Group C (32) i...

Use of metabotyping for the delivery of personalised nutrition
Personalised nutrition can be defined as dietary advice that is tailored to an individual. In recent years, the concept of targeted nutrition has evolved which involves delivering specific dietary advice to a group of phenotypically similar individuals or metabotypes. This study examined whether cluster analysis could be used to define metabotypes and developed a strategy for the delivery of ta...
Dose-dependent effects of isoflavone exposure during early lifetime on the rat mammary gland: Studies on estrogen sensitivity, isoflavone metabolism and DNA methylation
Isoflavone (ISO) exposure during adolescence modulates 17β-estradiol (E2) sensitivity of the adult mammary gland. The present study investigated the dose-dependency of these effects focusing on proliferation, estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent and -independent gene expression, as well as DNA methylation and ISO metabolism. and results: Female Wistar rats were lifelong exposed to an ISO-depleted ...

Inactivation of norovirus and surrogates by natural phytochemicals and bioactive substances
Human norovirus is the leading cause of sporadic gastroenteritis, which is responsible for more than 90% of all non-bacterial gastroenteritis outbreaks. While norovirus infections typically cause mild and self-limiting symptoms lasting 24–48 h, chronic persistent infections can cause severe symptoms. Although recent advances have been made in understanding the molecular characteristics of nor...
Comprehensive mapping of national school food policies across the European Union plus Norway and Switzerland
Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge in Europe. Schools are seen as an important setting to promote healthy diet and lifestyle in a protected environment and school food-related practices are essential in this regard. To understand what policy frameworks European countries have created to govern these practices, a systematic assessment of national school food policies across the...

Infant nutrition – diet between 6 and 24 months, implications for paediatric growth, overweight and obesity
Infants are growing rapidly from 6–24 months and have high nutrient needs in proportion to their body size. This sub-group of the population are prone to dietary imbalances and inadequacies. It is of vital importance to get nutrition right during this time period to support appropriate growth and development. Overweight and obesity rates are increasing in pre-school children, and maternal nut...
Nutrition and epigenetics: An emerging field
Epigenetics refers to heritable changes to gene expression encoded not by differences in the genetic sequence but by other chemical modifications to chromatin, such as methylation of the DNA backbone, or acetylation and methylation of the histone core. The total set of such epigenetic marks can be referred to as the epigenome, but unlike the genome, epigenetic marks differ between tissues and a...
Activité physique et nutrition après diagnostic d’un cancer
La survie après le diagnostic d’un cancer dépend de la possibilité de réaliser les traitements les plus efficaces et de la qualité de la réhabilitation après le traitement. La prise en charge nutritionnelle, qui intègre la diététique et l’activité physique, est nécessaire au maintien et à l’amélioration de la composition corporelle afin d’optimiser la réalisation de ces t...
Activité physique, nutrition, et insuffisance cardiaque chronique
La prise en charge de l’insuffisance cardiaque chronique (ICC) est un enjeu majeur de santé publique. La dénutrition, incluant sa composante la plus grave, la cachexie cardiaque, est un facteur indépendant de mortalité et de complications. Au cours de l’ICC, il existe une perte de masse musculaire et une altération des capacités oxydatives des mitochondries musculaires, avec développ...