Nutrition

The effect of folic acid supplementation with ferrous sulfate on the linear and ponderal growth of children aged 6–24 months: a randomized controlled trial
Studies evaluating the effect of folic acid supplementation, either alone or in combination with iron, on the linear and ponderal growth of children are practically nonexistent. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of folic acid supplementation with ferrous sulfate on both linear growth and weight gain in anemic and nonanemic children attending Municipal Daycare Centers in Goiania, St...


Omega-3 index levels and associated factors in a middle-aged French population: the MONA LISA-NUT Study
The omega-3 index (the summed percentage content of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in red blood cells) is associated with a lower risk of fatal coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death. We aimed to determine which socio-demographic, behavioural or clinical factors are independently associated with the omega-3 index and the extent to which seafood consumption mediates the inde...
Managing hyperglycaemia in patients with diabetes on enteral nutrition: the role of a specialized diabetes team
S:Hyperglycaemia is commonly observed in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) while receiving enteral nutrition (EN) in hospital, and hyperglycaemia has been shown to be associated with poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the glycaemic status of patients with DM who received EN during hospital admission and evaluate the impact of intervention by a specialist diabetes tea...


The relationship between zinc intake and growth in children aged 1–8 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis
It is estimated that zinc deficiency affects 17% of the world's population, and because of periods of rapid growth children are at an increased risk of deficiency, which may lead to stunting. This paper presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that assess zinc intake and growth in children aged 1–8 years. This review is part of a ...
Effect of intermittent vitamin D3 on vascular function and symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome – A randomised controlled trial
Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are common in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome; such patients also manifest impaired vascular health. We tested whether high-dose intermittent oral vitamin D therapy improved markers of vascular health and fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Parallel-group, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial. Patients with chronic fatigue syndro...


Development of family and dietary habits questionnaires: the assessment of family processes, dietary habits and adolescents’ impulsiveness in Norwegian adolescents and their parents
There is a need for valid and comprehensive measures of parental influence on children’s energy balance-related behaviours (EBRB). Such measures should be based on a theoretical framework, acknowledging the dynamic and complex nature of interactions occurring within a family. The aim of the Family & Dietary habits (F&D) project was to develop a conceptual framework identifying importa...
Comparative Study on the Hypoglycemic and Antioxidative Effects of Fermented Paste (Doenjang) Prepared from Soybean and Brown Rice Mixed with Rice Bran or Red Ginseng Marc in Mice Fed with High Fat Diet
The effects of fermented paste made from soybean, brown rice, or brown rice in combination with rice bran or red ginseng marc on the glucose metabolism and antioxidative defense system in high fat-fed mice were investigated. The mice were given experimental diets for eight weeks: Normal control, high fat, and high fat supplemented with soybean fermented paste, brown rice fermented paste, brown ...

Animal Models of Compulsive Eating Behavior
Eating disorders are multifactorial conditions that can involve a combination of genetic, metabolic, environmental, and behavioral factors. Studies in humans and laboratory animals show that eating can also be regulated by factors unrelated to metabolic control. Several studies suggest a link between stress, access to highly palatable food, and eating disorders. Eating “comfort foods” in re...
Riboflavin status modifies the effects of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) polymorphisms on homocysteine
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), riboflavin-dependent enzymes, participate in homocysteine metabolism. Reported effects of riboflavin status on the association between the MTHFR 677C>T polymorphism and homocysteine vary, and the effects of the MTRR 66A>G or MTRR 524C>T polymorphisms on homocysteine are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that t...

Gender-specific genetic associations of polymorphisms in ACE, AKR1C2, FTO and MMP2 with weight gain over a 10-year period
Weight gain, when it leads to overweight or obesity, is nowadays one of the major health problems. ACE, FTO, AKR1C2, TIMP4 and MMP2 genes have been implicated in previous studies on weight regulation. This study investigated the contribution of polymorphisms in these five candidate genes to the risk of weight gain over a 10-year time period. Two groups were selected from participants of the Doe...
Sulforaphane suppresses cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting GATA4/GATA6 expression and MAPK signaling pathways
Sulforaphane is a naturally occurring isothiocynate compound found in cruciferous vegetables. Here we report the effect of sulforaphane on cardiac hypertrophy and propose an underlying mechanism. and results: Sulforaphane suppresses cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by hypertrophic stimuli in vitro and in vivo. Sulforaphane suppresses the expressions of fetal genes, including ANP, BNP, and β-M...

Is Beverage Consumption Related to Specific Dietary Pattern Intakes?
Evaluating dietary patterns, rather than the consumption of single food items or nutrients, can provide a greater understanding of diet and health relationships. Dietary pattern research has been specifically identified as a research gap by the US Dietary Guidelines Committees. The purpose of this review was to determine if associations exist between the intake of commonly consumed beverages an...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension-related myopathy: An overview of current data and future perspectives
Exercise intolerance is one of the key features of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Main determinants of exercise impairment include hypoxemia, reduced right ventricular output, perfusion/ventilation mismatch and weakness of skeletal and breathing muscles. of the current review is to describe the findings in existing literature about respiratory and muscle dysfunction in PAH. Animal and c...
Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods
Gluten-free products present major challenges for the food industry in terms of organoleptic, technological and nutritional characteristics. The absence of gluten has been shown to affect starch digestibility, thus increasing the postprandial glycaemic response. However, in recent years, gluten-free technologies have been improved, thus possibly modifying this quality parameter. We investigated...
Fish and rapeseed oil consumption in infants and mothers: dietary habits and determinants in a nationwide sample in Germany
Fish and rapeseed oil are major sources of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in complementary food, but little is known about current consumption in Germany. We conducted a nationwide consumer survey to assess the consumption habits of fish and rapeseed oil and their determining factors in 985 mother–child dyads in Germany. One-fourth of infants ate fish as often as recommended, ...