Medicine

Work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other emotional diseases as consequence of traumatic events in public transportation: a systematic review
Drivers in public transportation are at risk of experiencing potential traumatic events such as accidents involving persons, collisions, or suicides. In this context, the question arises to what extent psychological traumatization and posttraumatic diseases occur. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the frequency and nature of work-related posttraumatic disorders, to analyze risk ...


Association between predonation serum uric acid concentration and change in renal function after living kidney donation in women
Reduction in renal mass after unilateral nephrectomy causes functional and structural changes in the remaining kidney. We investigated the association between predonation serum uric acid (SUA) concentration and the change in renal function after living kidney donation. This retrospective study included 413 living kidney donors from a single center. We collected medical history and laboratory fi...
Prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients Referred for Transthoracic Echocardiography
Previous studies have documented the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) during transthoracic echocardiography but the effect of such screening on subsequent vascular interventions remains unclear. To determine the utility of opportunistic selective screening for AAA in a contemporary large series of patients having transthoracic echocardiography. Subjects aged 50 years or older havin...


Anti-spastic effects of footbaths in post-stroke patients: a proof-of-principle study
To investigate whether a footbath inhibits spasticity in the hemiplegic lower limbs of post-stroke patients Randomized, controlled study Rehabilitation education and research hospital Twenty-two post-stroke patients were randomly allocated to control or experimental groups. After relaxing in a supine posture for 30min, the experimental group subject's legs were immersed in 41°C water below the...
Effectiveness of aromatherapy in decreasing maternal anxiety for a sick child undergoing infusion in a paediatric clinic
We examined whether aromatherapy involving inhalation of yuzu (Citrus ichangensis x C. reticulata) oil was effective in decreasing a mother's anxiety for her sick child receiving an infusion at a paediatric clinic. Controlled clinical trial Mothers of sick children who arrived at the hospital were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. After a doctor examined the child and confirmed the ...


Decomposition of Sugars under non-thermal dielectric barrier discharge plasma
Solutions of ribose, glucose, and sucrose in water and phosphate buffer were treated with non-thermal plasma generated by using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) device and the oxidation products were characterized by 1H NMR and GC–MS. Our results demonstrate that these sugars are decomposed to formic acid, glycolic acid, glyceric acid, tartronic acid, tartaric acid, acetic acid, and oxali...
Acute Multiple Cranial Neuropathy-a cranial variant of Guillain Barre Syndrome
We report the case of a 20-year-old male who presented to us with acute bilateral multiple cranial neuropathy in the form of bilateral total ophthalmoplegia and bulbar dysfunction. The patient had normal haematological and biochemical investigations, however, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis showed raised protein (96mg/dl) in the second week of illness. Peripheral nerve conduction studies and...

Metastatic Parathyroid Carcinoma treated with Radiofrequency Ablation: A novel therapeutic modality
Rathyroid carcinoma (PCA), accounting for less than one per cent of all endocrine malignancies, is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. A diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma may be challenging in the presence of localised disease and involves a histological diagnosis based on capsular, vascular, or perineural invasion or the presence of metastasis. Distant metastasis remains a rare prese...
Clinical handover: An audit from Australia
The Australian National Safety and Quality Health Service (NHQHS) Standards (the “Standards”) provide external criteria for hospitals to assess their practices. Since the introduction of the Standards, no Australian hospital has published a report on how its handover practices compare to these Standards. To evaluate house medical officer (HMO) shift-to-shift handover practices against the S...

Development of the National Cancer Institute's Patient-Reported Outcomes Version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE)
The standard approach for documenting symptomatic adverse events (AEs) in cancer clinical trials involves investigator reporting using the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI’s) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Because this approach underdetects symptomatic AEs, the NCI issued two contracts to create a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measurement system as a compan...
Linking Estrogen-Induced Apoptosis With Decreases in Mortality Following Long-term Adjuvant Tamoxifen Therapy
The impressive first results of the Adjuvant Tamoxifen: Longer Against Shorter (ATLAS) and the adjuvant Tamoxifen To offer more (am) trials both demonstrate that 10 years of tamoxifen is superior to five years of treatment. Tamoxifen is a nonsteroidal antiestrogen that blocks estrogen-stimulated tumor growth. Paradoxically, mortality decreases dramatically only in the decade after long-term tam...

Obesity and Risk of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma and Barrett's Esophagus: A Mendelian Randomization Study
Data from observational studies suggest that body mass index (BMI) is causally related to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and its precursor, Barrett’s esophagus (BE). However, the relationships may be affected by bias and confounding. We used data from the Barrett’s and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Genetic Susceptibility Study: 999 patients with EAC, 2061 patients with BE, and 2169 pop...
Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia. A modification to original technique and South American perspective
Bernese periacetabular osteotomy has become a secure and reproducible technique for treatment of hip dysplasia. It allows an adequate reorientation of the acetabulum and coverage of the femoral head improving biomechanical conditions of the hip joint. We present a review of literature and a modification of original technique that includes a smaller incision and preservation of the abductor musc...
The health needs of young people in prison
There has been an unprecedented reduction in the number of young people in prison; however, questions remain about the appropriateness and effectiveness of custody, given the high prevalence of health needs, self-inflected deaths while in custody and high reoffending rates. Sources of dataArticles relating to the health needs of young people, aged 10–17 years in prison in England and Wale...
Le fratture del femore distale. Osteosintesi mini-invasiva con placche
Meta-epiphyseal fractures (AO-OTA 33A-B e 33-C1) of distal femur can be fixed by mini-invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). Technical hints and experience with closed reduction and percutaneous tools are required to achieve re-alignment of fracture site and correct plate/screw positioning.