Medicine

Green spaces and adverse pregnancy outcomes
The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between proximity to green spaces and surrounding greenness and pregnancy outcomes, such as birth weight, low birth weight (LBW), very LBW (VLBW), gestational age, preterm deliveries (PTD) and very PTD (VPTD). This study was based on 39 132 singleton live births from a registry birth cohort in Tel Aviv, Israel, during 2000–2006....


Encouraging and supporting smoking cessation in the workforce
Historically, smoking was ingrained in the workday. Cigarette supplies were kept filled and ashtrays emptied. Camel's ‘Calms your nerves’ campaign from the 1930s featured employees-such as reporters, secretaries, pilots-reaching for a cigarette. In that high-pressure age, ‘smokes’ were touted as both sedative and stimulant, a cure for the stress of striving for success.F...
Laboratory Features of Common Causes of Fever in Returned Travelers
There can be considerable overlap in the clinical presentation and laboratory features of dengue, malaria, and enteric fever, three important causes of fever in returned travelers. Routine laboratory tests including full blood examination (FBE), liver function tests (LFTs), and C-reactive protein (CRP) are frequently ordered on febrile patients, and may help differentiate between these possible...


Work-related stress factors associated with problem drinking: A study of the Spanish working population
Workers may drink to cope with stress or to overcome negative emotions arising from an aversive working context, but results of previous studies are inconclusive on the specific work features affecting alcohol use. A cross-sectional study was designed with data on 13,005 working individuals from the Household Survey on Alcohol and Drugs in Spain (EDADES)-2007. We examined the associations betwe...
Construction workers working in musculoskeletal pain and engaging in leisure-time physical activity: Findings from a mixed-methods pilot study
While exercise has been shown to be beneficial for some musculoskeletal pain conditions, construction workers who are regularly burdened with musculoskeletal pain may engage less in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) due to pain. In a small pilot study, we investigate how musculoskeletal pain may influence participation in LTPA among construction workers. A sequential explanatory mixed-metho...


Taking Advantage of Google's Web-Based Applications and Services
Google is a company that is constantly expanding and growing its services and products. While most librarians possess a “love/hate” relationship with Google, there are a number of reasons you should consider exploring some of the tools Google has created and made freely available. Applications and services such as Google Docs, Slides, and Google+ are functional and dynamic without the cost ...
Inability of myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome patients to reproduce VO2peak indicates functional impairment
Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a multi-system illness characterized, in part, by increased fatigue following minimal exertion, cognitive impairment, poor recovery to physical and other stressors, in addition to other symptoms. Unlike healthy subjects and other diseased populations who reproduce objective physiological measures during repeat cardiopulmonary exerci...

Enhanced circulating PCSK9 concentration by berberine through SREBP-2 pathway in high fat diet-fed rats
Berberine (BBR), a natural plant extract, has been shown to improve lipid metabolism. However, its effects on PCSK9, a key factor involving in the lipid metabolism, have not yet been evaluated in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of BBR on PCSK9 expression in high fat diet-fed (HFD) rats. Thirty-two male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into the four group...
Radiation-Induced Heart Disease: An Under-Recognized Entity?
Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) represents a spectrum of cardiovascular disease in patients who have undergone mediastinal, thoracic, or breast radiotherapy (RT). RIHD may involve any cardiac structure and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer survivors. While large cohort studies have demonstrated that symptomatic RIHD is a common late finding in this population, the inc...

Outcomes of tracheostomy in the neonatal intensive care unit: is there an optimal time?
To compare short-term outcomes of infants who underwent early versus late tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization after birth and determine the association, if any, between tracheostomy timing and outcomes. Retrospective chart review of infants who underwent a tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization at a single site. The median (range) gestational age of our cohort (n = ...
Microbial load of umbilical cord blood Ureaplasma species and Mycoplasma hominis in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes
To evaluate Ureaplasma species and M. hominis DNA in the umbilical cord blood and its correlation with its microbial load in the amniotic fluid, as a measure of microbial burden in fetal inflammatory response and neonatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (pPROM). A retrospective study of 158 women with singleton pregnancies complicated by pPROM between...

Is abnormal glucose metabolism during pregnancy related to endothelial dysfunction?
Endothelial dysfunction is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and gestational diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance. Pregnant women who had impaired glucose metabolism in the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OG) and their age- and body mass index-matched controls were included in the study an...
Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and the effect of explanatory variables in paramedic trainees
Emergency healthcare workers, including trainees and individuals in related occupations are at heightened risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression owing to work-related stressors. We aimed to investigate the type, frequency, and severity of direct trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms and other psychopathology amongst paramedic trainees. In order to create...
Comparative study of time-dependent effects of 4 and 8 Hz mechanical vibration at infrasound frequency on E. coli K-12 cells proliferation
The aim of the present work is to study the time-dependent effects of mechanical vibration (MV) at infrasound (IS) frequency at 4 and 8 Hz on E. coli K-12 growth by investigating the cell proliferation, using radioactive [3H]-thymidine assay. In our previous work it was suggested that the aqua medium can serve as a target through which the biological effect of MV on microbes could be realized...
Perceived barriers to preventive dental care among Libyan dentists
To explore the barriers to providing preventive dental care to patients, as perceived by Libyan dentists working in Benghazi. Settings and design: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was conducted among dentists working in Benghazi, Libya. All dentists registered with the Dental Association of Benghazi and with 2 or more years of practice were invited to participate. The questionnaire...