Medicine

Supervivencia y pronóstico neurológico en paradas cardiorrespiratorias extrahospitalarias por ritmos desfibrilables tratadas con hipotermia terapéutica moderada
Analizar la supervivencia y el pronóstico neurológico a corto y medio plazo de los pacientes atendidos en nuestro hospital tras sufrir una parada cardiorrespiratoria (PCR) extrahospitalaria secundaria a un ritmo desfibrilable y tratados con hipotermia terapéutica moderada (HTM). Estudio prospectivo, observacional desde el 1 de enero de 2010 al 31 de diciembre de 2012, con un seguimiento de 6...


Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil as a potent anti-inflammatory and antifungal drugs
Volatile oils obtained from lemon grass [Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf, Poaceae family] are used in traditional medicine as remedies for the treatment of various diseases.: In the present study, lemon grass essential oil (LGEO) was evaluated for its in vivo topical and oral anti-inflammatory effects, and for its in vitro antifungal activity using both liquid and vapor phases. : The chemical p...
Effects of vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc gluconate and selenomethionine supplementation on muscle function and oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of specific skeletal muscles. As growing evidence suggests that oxidative stress may contribute to FSHD pathology, antioxidants that might modulate or delay oxidative insults could help maintaining FSHD muscle function. Our primary objective was to test whether oral a...


Deployment-Related Depression Screening, 2001–2008 Comparing Clinical Versus Research Surveys
Potential adverse mental health effects of deployment, including depression, are an ongoing concern. Although a previous study assessed under-reporting of depression on post-deployment health assessments compared to anonymous surveys, those results were not examined at the individual level to identify demographic or military factors that may be associated with unwillingness to report depression...
Bicycling Policy Indirectly Associated with Overweight/Obesity
Policies to enhance bicycling are correlated with health outcomes. Research has yet to provide an adequate, empirically derived explanation for this finding. To examine a comprehensive model of a pathway potentially linking bicycle policies to overweight/obesity. Data representing multiple years between 2006 and 2012 from CDC, U. S. Census Bureau, U. S. Department of Transportation, and the All...


Change in Weight and Adiposity in College Students A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess changes in body weight and relative adiposity (%FAT) during college and identify potential moderating variables. A review of peer-reviewed articles published before June 28, 2013 identified 49 studies evaluating the effect of the first year of college on the dependent variables of body weight (137 effects from 48 studies) and...
Prevalence and Correlates of Screen time in Youth An International Perspective
Screen time (including TV viewing/computer use) may be adversely associated with metabolic and mental health in children. To describe the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of screen time in an international sample of children aged 4–17 years. Data from the International Children’s Accelerometry Database were collected between 1997–2009 and analyzed in 2013. Participants were 11,4...

The Impact of Screening Tools on Diagnosis of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Primary Care
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is frequently misdiagnosed or undiagnosed, which can delay disease management interventions. The Screening, Evaluating and Assessing Rate CHanges of diagnosing respiratory conditions in primary care 1 (SEARCH1) study assessed whether screening using the COPD Population Screener (COPD-PS) questionnaire to detect COPD risk factors and symptoms, with or...
Self-Reported Prevalence of Diabetes Screening in the U.S., 2005–2010
Early detection of type 2 diabetes has the potential to prevent complications, but the prevalence of opportunistic screening is unknown. To describe the prevalence of diabetes screening by demographic and diabetes-related factors and to determine predictors of screening among a representative U. S. population without self-reported diabetes. Cross-sectional data were obtained from the 2005–201...

A Public Health Approach to the Prevention of Inhibitors in Hemophilia
The development of an antibody in people with hemophilia to products used in the treatment and prevention of bleeding, also referred to as an inhibitor, is the most serious complication of hemophilia care today. The CDC, together with healthcare providers, consumer organizations, hemophilia organizations, and federal partners, has developed a public health agenda to prevent the development of i...
Providing Young Women with Credible Health Information about Bleeding Disorders
Approximately 1% of U. S. women may have an undiagnosed bleeding disorder, which can diminish quality of life and lead to life-threatening complications during menstruation, childbirth, and surgery. To understand young women’s knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about bleeding disorders and determine the preferred messaging strategy (e.g., gain- versus loss-framed messages) for presenting i...

Public Health Surveillance of Nonmalignant Blood Disorders
Nonmalignant blood disorders currently affect millions of Americans, and their prevalence is expected to grow over the next several decades. This is owing to improvements in treatment leading to increased life expectancy of people with hereditary conditions, like sickle cell disease and hemophilia, but also the rising occurrence of risk factors for venous thromboembolism. The lack of adequate s...
Increasing Preventive Care by Primary Care Nursing and Allied Health Clinicians A Non-Randomized Controlled Trial
Although primary care nurse and allied health clinician consultations represent key opportunities for the provision of preventive care, it is provided suboptimally. To assess the effectiveness of a practice change intervention in increasing primary care nursing and allied health clinician provision of preventive care for four health risks. Two-group (intervention versus control), non-randomized...
Real-World Impact of Quitline Interventions for Provider-Referred Smokers
The healthcare provider–referral quitline model has potential to help identify and connect more smokers to effective cessation services as compared to the self-referral model alone. However, research is limited as to whether provider-referred smokers, who may have more barriers to quitting, can have similar rates of quit success using traditional quitline interventions as self-referred smoker...
Effect of table top slope and height on body posture and muscular activity pattern
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of table top slope and height on body posture and muscular activity pattern. Twelve asymptomatic participants performed a 5-min reading task while sitting, in six experimental conditions manipulating the table top slope (20° backward slope, no slope) and its height (low, medium, up). EMGs recordings were taken on 9 superficial muscles locate...