Healthcare

Factors influencing Korean nurses’ attitudes towards hospice care
While the need for hospice care is increasing in Korea, there is limited research describing the way hospice care is understood by hospital ward nurses who may have relatively limited opportunities for hospice education in their workplace. This study aimed to describe Korean nurses’ attitudes towards hospice care and to examine the relationships between nurses’ attitudes towards hospice car...


Income Dynamics and the Affordable Care Act
To examine the sources of family income dynamics leading to movement into and out of Medicaid expansion and subsidy eligibility under the Affordable Care Act. Data SourceSurvey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP): 1996, 2001, 2004, 2008 panels. Considering four broad subsidy eligibility categories for monthly Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) (400 percent FPL), I use duration analysi...
An On-the-Job Mindfulness-based Intervention For Pediatric ICU Nurses: A Pilot
The feasibility of a 5-minute mindfulness meditation for PICU nurses before each work-shift to investigate change in nursing stress, burnout, self-compassion, mindfulness, and job satisfaction was explored. Thirty-eight nurses completed measures (Nursing Stress Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and Self-Compassion Scale) at baseline, post-intervention and 1...


Nurses' self-reported medication competence in relation to their pharmacovigilant activities in clinical practice
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) represent a major health problem and previous studies show that nurses can have an active role in promoting medication safety. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate nurses' self-reported competence and pharmacovigilant activities in clinical practice and also to explore the impact of age, education, workplace and nursing experience on these matters. Th...
Care-giving as a Canadian-Vietnamese tradition: ‘It's like eating, you just do it’
The objective of this study was to examine how Vietnamese family caregivers (FCGs) perceive, manage and experience end-of-life care-giving for seriously ill family members. Using an instrumental case study design, this longitudinal qualitative research employed the use of cultural brokers/language interpreters to help ensure that the research was conducted in a culturally-appropriate manner. Pa...


Patterns of use of a maternal mental health service in a low-resource antenatal setting in South Africa
The prevalence of perinatal common mental disorders in South Africa is high, yet little is known about mental health service use among pregnant and postnatal women. This paper reports on pregnant women's patterns of use of a counselling service at a primary level obstetric facility in Cape Town, South Africa, between January 2010 and December 201It investigates whether these are associated with...
The experience of community first responders in co-producing rural health care: in the liminal gap between citizen and professional
The involvement of community first responders (CFRs) in medical emergencies in Scotland, and particularly in remote and rural areas, has expanded rapidly in recent years in response to geographical and organisational challenges of emergency medical service access. In 2013 there were over 120 active or developing schemes in a wide variety of settings. Community first responders are volunteers tr...

Effectiveness of Empowerment-Based Self-Management Interventions on Patients with Chronic Metabolic Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Management of chronic metabolic diseases has recently become an important global health issue. Extensive research on empowerment-based self-management interventions (EBSMIs) for patients with chronic metabolic diseases has been conducted, but no systematic review has evaluated their effects. To evaluate the effects of EBSMIs on patients with chronic metabolic diseases. A systematic review and m...
'I fell off and landed badly': Children's experiences of forearm fracture and injury prevention
Forearm fractures are one of the most common injuries sustained by children. Our descriptive study addressed, from the perspective of a child, the following research objectives: (1) to describe their fracture experience and to describe how fractures might be prevented. Photovoice is a unique research strategy by which people create and discuss photographs. This technique has been used to elicit...

Seven- to nine-year-old children's own assessment of health-related quality of life is important in preventing overweight and obesity
The aim was to study how, and to what degree, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), as assessed by children and their mothers, was related to overweight and obesity among children aged seven to nine years. Mother–child pairs of 149 non-overweight, 95 overweight and 16 obese children participated. We assessed HRQOL by the children’s self-report and parent proxy report module of the...
Motor Skills in Brazilian Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder versus Children with Motor Typical Development
The aims of the study were to compare the performance of children with probable developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and motor typically developing peers on items from the Assessment of Motor Coordination and Dexterity (AMCD), to determine whether age, gender and type of school had significant impact on the scores of the AMCD items, to estimate the frequency of DCD among Brazilian children...

Intercultural Partnering for the Benefit of South Africa Township High School Students
An intercultural partnership was formed to meet South African township high schools' need to provide career education and identify barriers and hope in relation to career choice. The objective of this study was to collect data on the students' perceptions of career choice, barriers prohibiting students from engaging in a career of choice and their general hopefulness. A non-experimental, descri...
CpG-Loaded Multifunctional Cationic Nanohydrogel Particles as Self-Adjuvanting Glycopeptide Antitumor Vaccines
Self-adjuvanting antitumor vaccines by multifunctional cationic ­nanohydrogels loaded with CpG. A conjugate ­consisting of tumor-associated MUC1-glycopeptide B-cell epitope and tetanus toxin ­T-cell epitope P2 was linked to cationic nanogels. Oligonucleotide CpG complexation enhanced toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulated T-cell proliferation and rapid immune activation. This co-delivery promot...
Population-Level Cost-Effectiveness of Implementing Evidence-Based Practices into Routine Care
The objective of this research was to apply a new methodology (population-level cost-effectiveness analysis) to determine the value of implementing an evidence-based practice in routine care. Data Sources/Study SettingData are from sequentially conducted studies: a randomized controlled trial and an implementation trial of collaborative care for depression. Both trials were conducted in the sam...
Development of a Novel, Objective Measure of Health Care–Related Financial Burden for U.S. Families with Children
To develop and validate a theoretically based and empirically driven objective measure of financial burden for U. S. families with children. Data SourcesThe measure was developed using 149,021 families with children from the National Health Interview Survey, and it was validated using 18,488 families with children from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. We estimated the marginal probability ...