Dentistry

Influence of balancing-side occlusal interference on smoothness of working-side condylar movement and intra-articular space in chewing efforts
Response of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articulation adapting to occlusal alteration has been sparsely known. For 10 healthy adults with acceptably good occlusion, an artificial occlusal interference (OI) was introduced to the lower molar on the balancing side of unilateral chewing. Subjects were asked to chew a gum on their preferred side. The chewing jaw movements with/without the OI were r...


First molar cross-bite is more closely associated with a reverse chewing cycle than anterior or pre-molar cross-bite during mastication
A posterior cross-bite is defined as an abnormal bucco-lingual relationship between opposing molars, pre-molars or both in centric occlusion. Although it has been reported that patients with unilateral posterior cross-bite often show unique chewing patterns, the relationship between the form of cross-bite and masticatory jaw movement remains unclear in adult patients. The objective of this stud...
Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia clefting syndrome (EEC syndrome)
Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia- clefting syndrome (also k/a. split hand- split foot malformation <SHFM>/split hand-split foot ectodermal dysplasia- cleft syndrome/ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip/cleft palate syndrome) a rare form of ectodermal dysplasia, is an autosomal dominant disorder inherited as a genetic trait and characterized by a triad of (i) ectrodactyly, (ii) ectoderm...


Impact of rheumatic diseases on oral health and quality of life
We investigated the effects of rheumatic diseases on oral symptoms, health habits, and quality of life in subjects with and without rheumatic diseases. The hypothesis was that patients with rheumatic diseases have more oral symptoms impairing their quality of life than healthy controls. A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 1500 members of the Finnish Rheumatism Association, includin...
Detection Of Human Papillomavirus In The Oral Cavities Of Persons With Fanconi Anemia
We conducted a cross-sectional study to describe the prevalence and correlates of type-specific human papillomavirus DNA in the oral cavities of persons with Fanconi Anemia. Oral swabs were collected from 67 participants with Fanconi Anemia and tested for 27 human papillomavirus genotypes using polymerase chain reaction-based methods. were a mean of 18.6 (standard deviation, 10.0) years of age ...


Clinical and radiographic comparison of the effects of two types of fixed retainers on periodontium - A randomized clinical trial
Most orthodontists believe that fixed retainers are necessary to maintain ideal dental relationships. However, untoward side effects might result from their long-term placement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic effect of two commonly used fixed retainers on the health of the periodontium. Thirty patients were randomly divided into two groups to receive either ...
International approaches to Indigenous dental care: what we can learn
Indigenous populations around the world have significantly poor oral health and inequalities in access to dental care largely attribute to the social determinants of health. Reviewing international literature offers an opportunity to better understand appropriate approaches for policy and practice in Australia. This article is a descriptive narrative review based on primary research literature ...

Oral myeloid sarcoma: two case reports
Myeloid sarcoma, also commonly termed granulocytic sarcoma or chloroma, is a rare condition involving infiltration of immature myeloid cells in an extramedullary site. Myeloid sarcoma is often related to leukaemia; however, the condition can also occur in association with various myeloproliferative disorders. Although myeloid sarcoma can occur in any body part, involvement of the neoplastic con...
Full-mouth scaling and root planing in type 2 diabetic subjects: one-year microbiological outcomes
This study evaluated the microbiological effects of full-mouth (FM) and partial-mouth (PM) scaling and root planing (SRP) in type 2 diabetic subjects with chronic periodontitis (ChP), up to 12 months. Thirty-four type 2 diabetic subjects with ChP received either FMSRP (n = 17), in two sessions within two consecutive days, or PMSRP (n = 17) in four sessions within 21 days. Six subgingival biofil...

Minimally legally invasive dentistry
One disadvantage of the rapid advances in modern dentistry is that treatment options have never been more varied or confusing. Compounded by a more educated population greatly assisted by online information in an increasingly litigious society, a major concern in recent times is increased litigation against health practitioners. The manner in which courts handle disputes is ambiguous and what i...
Prevalence of dental trauma and use of mouthguards in rugby union players
There is a high prevalence of orofacial trauma in rugby union players. Mouthguards reduce complications following dental injuries, should dental injuries occur. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral trauma and the significance of mouthguard use in adult amateur rugby union players in New South Wales, AustraliaMethodQuestionnaires were distributed to players in rugby un...

Evaluation of surface roughness and bond strength of quartz fiber posts after various pre-treatments
Debonding at the post-adhesive interface is a major problem for quartz fiber posts. The objective of this study was to evaluate surface roughness and bond strength of quartz fiber posts after various surface treatments. Sixty-six quartz fiber posts were randomly divided into six experimental groups (n = 11) including group C, untreated (control); group SB, sandblasted; group SC, silica coated; ...
The role of p300 in the tumor progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma
EP300 gene encoding p300 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene. This study investigated p300 expression and gene alteration in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) specimens to assess its role in OSCC development. Genomic DNA extracted from 13 human OSCC cell lines and 40 OSCC patient specimens was subjected to methylation-specific PCR and exon sequencing. Immunohistochemical staining with primar...
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): a preliminary within-subject study of quality of life, oral health impacts and personality profiles
RAS may affect quality of life and impacts oral health and daily activities; consequently, psychological factors, dental needs and patients’ perceptions. Professionals should understand this relation to adequately manage oral ulcers. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between oral health impacts, oral health-related quality of life and psychological profiles in patients with r...
Xerostomia relates to the degree of asthma control
Few studies have assessed the relationships between xerostomia and the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The main objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of xerostomia in a respiratory outpatient clinic and its relationship with bronchial asthma and ICS use. A cross-sectional observational study of patients recruited in an outpatient setting divided them according to previ...