Audiology

Tecnologías auditivas actuales y desarrollo gramatical infantil
Las nuevas tecnologías audioprotésicas proporcionan a los niños sordos una discriminación de la palabra impensable hace unos años. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar el desarrollo gramatical de niños sordos que emplean dichas tecnologías y comprobar qué variables inciden en las diferencias interindividuales. Se ha evaluado a 32 niños de entre 3 y 7 años con pérdidas auditivas pr...


Habilidades morfológicas de los niños con desarrollo típico y síndrome de Down
En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de un experimento diseñado para ahondar en el conocimiento acerca de las habilidades morfológicas de los niños con desarrollo típico y de los niños con síndrome de Down. Para ello empleamos el test Wug y manipulamos el fonema final del estímulo, consonántico o vocálico, para generar plurales de seudopalabras. Los resultados señalan que los n...
Prevalencia de las patologías del habla, del lenguaje y de la comunicación. Un estudio a lo largo del ciclo vital
Se presenta un estudio epidemiológico de las patologías en el ámbito de la comunicación oral y escrita —trastornos del lenguaje, habla, audición y voz— mediante el análisis de 911 historias clínicas. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que las categorías diagnósticas que se dan con mayor prevalencia son: retrasos en la adquisición del lenguaje oral, dificultades de aprendizaje del l...


Clinical Outcomes of Glued Transscleral Fixated Intraocular Lens in Functionally One-Eyed Patients
To analyze the indications, visual outcome, mental status, and quality of life after glued transscleral fixated intraocular lens (IOL) in functionally one-eyed individuals. Dr Agarwal's Eye Hospital and Eye Research Centre, Chennai, India. Prospective observational comparative case series. Patients with one functioning eye with surgical indications (aphakia, luxated IOL, or dislocated lens) and...
Mechanisms for Acute Corneal Hydrops and Perforation
Acute corneal hydrops (ACH) and perforation in corneal thinning diseases are the consequences of exposure to distending intraocular pressure (IOP) forces that are in excess of corneal resistance to them. Apart from thinning, resistance to these forces may be reduced by disease-related tissue changes, such as corneal scarring, which could lower resistance to IOP. Eye rubbing trauma has sometimes...


The Core Mechanism of Dry Eye Disease Is Inflammation
The purpose of this article is to review the evidence for the hypothesis that the core mechanism of dry eye disease (DED) is inflammation, including evidence from recent basic, clinical, and translational research involving human patients, animal models, and cell cultures. Using the key words “dry eye + inflammation,” the authors conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed and Web of Sci...
Effect of Religious Fasting on Tear Osmolarity and Ocular Surface
To evaluate the effects of religious fasting on tear secretion, tear osmolarity, corneal topography, and ocular aberrations. This prospective controlled study comprised 29 eyes of 29 healthy men. Before ophthalmologic examination, all subjects underwent corneal topography by a placido disc corneal topography and aberrometry device (OPD Scan II). Tear osmolarity was measured using OcuSense TearL...

Automatic Biometry of the Anterior Segment During Accommodation Imaged by Optical Coherence Tomography
To test accuracy and repeatability of a software algorithm that performs automatic biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye imaged with long scan depth optical coherence tomography (OCT). The ocular anterior segment imaging was performed with custom-built long scan depth OCT. An automatic software algorithm including boundary segmentation, image registration, and optical correction was...
Improving Adherence to National Recommendations for Zoster Vaccination Through Simple Interventions
In 2011, 15.8% of eligible patients in the United States were vaccinated against herpes zoster (HZ). To increase the usage of the HZ vaccine by studying physicians' knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived obstacles after interventions to overcome barriers. General internal medicine physicians were surveyed with a cross-sectional internet survey from October to December 2011 before interv...

Quality of Vision After Excimer Laser Phototherapeutic Keratectomy With Intraoperative Mitomycin-C for Salzmann Nodular Degeneration
To assess the effect of excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) with intraoperative mitomycin-C (MMC) on the quality of vision in patients with Salzmann nodular degeneration (SND). Thirteen eyes of 12 patients were enrolled in the study between December 2010 and March 2012. Uncorrected and best-corrected Snellen distance visual acuities were measured at every visit. Contrast sensitivit...
Can the Effect of Transepithelial Corneal Collagen Cross-linking Be Improved by Increasing the Duration of Topical Riboflavin Application? An In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Study
To evaluate the effect of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with prolonged riboflavin application by in vivo confocal microscopy and to compare this effect with that of standard CXL with complete epithelial debridement. In eyes with progressive keratoconus, CXL procedure was performed with standard technique and transepithelial technique after prolonged riboflavin drop applic...

Physician Survey for Study of Suppressive Antiviral Treatment to Reduce Chronic Ocular Disease and Postherpetic Neuralgia After Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus
The purpose of this study was to develop a consensus regarding the appropriate regimen to evaluate long-term suppressive antiviral treatment to reduce complications from herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and identify potential study sites. In January 2013, a survey of 13 questions was distributed among cornea fellowship directors, board members of the Cornea Society and Ocular Microbiology and I...
Tratamiento de la disfagia y la disglosia tras glosectomía total y reconstrucción con colgajo libre fasciocutáneo anterolateral de muslo: a propósito de un caso
La cirugía oncológica en lesiones extensas de carcinoma lingual obliga a realizar resecciones amplias que precisan reconstrucción con colgajo libre periférico. Los colgajos libres permiten un aspecto físico más semejante al normal, pero debido a la especialización de la lengua, no es fácil restituir su funcionalidad. Ello compromete la dinámica deglutoria en la fase oral y de transport...
The Effect of Room Illumination on the Measurement of Anterior Segment Parameters
To evaluate the effect of room illumination on the measurement of anterior segment parameters. In this comparative study, measurements of anterior segment parameters of 25 eyes of 25 healthy patients were performed by optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR). Measurements were taken under photopic conditions (150 lux) and under mesopic conditions (3 lux). Paired t test by SPSS 16.0 was used t...
Corneal Reshaping and Wavefront Aberrations During Overnight Orthokeratology
To investigate changes of corneal thickness at the vertical and horizontal meridians and of wavefront aberrations (WA) over a 30-day period of overnight myopia orthokeratology (OK) lens wear. Sixteen subjects (11 women, 5 men, 26.3±3.2 years) were enrolled and fitted for OK lenses. Long scan depth optical coherence tomography was used to measure corneal thickness profiles at both horizontal an...