Industrial

Effect of Impurities on the Solubility, Metastable Zone Width, and Nucleation Kinetics of Borax Decahydrate
The solubility and nucleation of borax decahydrate in the presence of Cl– and SO42– ions have been studied by two different methods: polythermal crystallization and isothermal crystallization. The results revealed that both anions had a salt-in effect on the solubility. A noticeable widening of the metastable zone was observed after the addition of the two anion impurities. For the isotherm...


Method for Regulating Oscillatory Dynamic Behavior in a Zymomonas mobiliz Continuous Fermentation Process
Periodically oscillating concentrations of product, biomass, and substrate have been observed in a continuous fermentations process with Zymomonas mobiliz both in experiments and simulations. This paper describes the characteristics of oscillatory phenomena based on Hopf bifurcation analysis and proposes a method to regulate the oscillatory dynamic behavior. In this method, these dynamic behavi...
Two-echelon multi-product multi-constraint product returns inventory model with permissible delay in payments and variable lead time
Supply chain is not limited to delivering products to the end-costumers since the defective products that are returned back to the producers by the consumers. The producers should be superior knowledge to utilize the return products effectively so as to maintain our natural resources and to provide better service to customers. In this paper, a distributor and a warehouse consisting of a service...


Multi-objective multi-population biased random-key genetic algorithm for the 3-D container loading problem
The container loading problem (CLP) has important industrial and commercial application for global logistics and supply chain. Many algorithms have been proposed for solving the 2D/3D container loading problem, yet most of them consider single objective optimization. In practice, container loading involves optimizing a number of objectives. This study aims to develop a multi-objective multi-pop...
Inter-company learning: Using the 5 E’s to promote interaction
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate steps that a manufacturer can deploy to improve social interaction, learning, and application while facilitating a system of learning across a wholesale distribution channel. The paper provides a model of how a manufacturer improved social interaction, learning, and application with their wholesale distribution network using five simple and consistent ...


Stereotyping and women’s roles in leadership positions
The purpose of this paper was to provide a literature review of current trends with regard to women in leadership positions. Women are increasingly reported as having excellent leadership skills. In fact, women, more than men, are praised for having traits and styles that are associated with effective leadership performance. The design of this paper was a literature review of current research o...
Low-carbon operations and production: Putting training in perspective
The main objective of this article is to show how training may support low-carbon operations & production management in a more sustainable organizational context. A conceptual framework to facilitate the integration between training and low-carbon operations & production is presented. To accomplish better training in a low-carbon organization, some steps should be followed. Challenges may occur...

The role of mass communication methods in the development of tourism industry in Iran
– The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of new methods of mass communication (employing customer relationship management software and website) in the development of tourism industry in Iran. Data were collected from managers and experts of companies involving in tourism field in Iran through survey questionnaire. The SPSS 17 and LISREL 8 statistical programs were used for the d...
Sustainability and organizational transformation: Putting the cart before the horse? (Part Two)
Global corporate strategies are revealing the boundaries of organizational capabilities and the limits of the natural resource capacity that is needed to sustain business operations. Sustainability has emerged as a strategic response adopted by many corporations to reduce resource dependency and consumption costs in an effort to secure existence as a going concern while also demonstrating corpo...

Innovation and trust - The path to mastery
The purpose of this article is to encourage the reader to reflect upon the consequences of leadership behaviour and the effect on innovation and performance in an organisation. The reader is encouraged to begin by answering five leadership questions for themselves. Some underpinning ideas are introduced with examples from the world of commerce, all within a structured model designed to encourag...
Drivers for creating value and enhancing customer experience through people
Using the staff and customers as a starting point, this paper describes a framework that helps board and senior management identify key drivers that generate value for their organisation and for their customers. With research into the range of customer experience metrics available we identified a lack of consideration within the staff directly involved. The paper explores the considerations tha...

Autonomous robot path planning in dynamic environment using a new optimization technique inspired by bacterial foraging technique
Path planning is one of the basic and interesting functions for a mobile robot. This paper explores the application of Bacterial Foraging Optimization to the problem of mobile robot navigation to determine shortest feasible path to move from any current position to target position in unknown environment with moving obstacles. It develops a new algorithm based on Bacterial Foraging Optimization ...
An alternative method of determining the local interfacial shear strength from force–displacement curves in the pull-out and microbond tests
The traditional way of determining the local interfacial shear strength (IFSS), τ d , between the fiber and the matrix in microbond and pull-out test includes the measurement of the debond force, F d , at which interfacial crack initiates, and subsequent τ d calculation using the shear-lag analysis. However, for some fiber–matrix pairs the debond force, which manifests itself as a ‘ki...
Foaming Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Microfibrillated Cellulose Composites with CO2 and Water as Co-blowing Agents
We investigated the continuous extrusion foaming of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH)/microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) composites using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) as the blowing agent. First, the as-received PVOH pellets were compounded with water to decrease their melting point. Then, they were compounded with an MFC solution to prepare the sample. Both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) an...
Determining mechanical characteristics of material resistance to deformation in machining
This paper analyses experimental results and different hypotheses about the resistance of the machined material to plastic deformation in machining. It is necessary to take into account that strain rate and temperature affects the mechanical properties of the material. It is useful to describe the regularities of material resistance to plastic deformation with differential equations, determinin...