Engineering

Generalized constrained finite strip method for thin-walled members with arbitrary cross-section: Secondary modes, orthogonality, examples
In this paper the generalization of the constrained finite strip method (cFSM) is provided. cFSM is an extension of the semi-analytical finite strip method (FSM), where carefully defined constraints are applied to enforce the thin-walled member to deform in accordance with desired deformations, e.g., to buckle in flexural, lateral-torsional, distortional, or local buckling mode. This paper is a...


Eccentric low-velocity impact analysis of transversely graded plates with Winkler-type elastic foundations and fully or partially supported edges
Impact analysis of plates with either elastic foundations or partially supported edges has not been accomplished, even for the homogeneous isotropic plates. In the present paper, eccentric low-velocity impact analysis of a functionally graded plate with fully/partially supported edges and a Winkler-type elastic foundation is performed. In contrast to the available researches, stiffness of the u...
Dynamic analysis of liquid storage tank under blast using coupled Euler–Lagrange formulation
A growing number of terror attacks all over the world have become a threat to the human civilization. In the last two decades, bomb blasts in crowded business areas, underground railway stations and busy roads have taken numerous lives and destroyed properties in different parts of the world. However, blast response of many important civil infrastructures has still not been well understood due ...


Influence of steel fibres addition on mechanical and selected rheological properties of steel fibre high-strength reinforced concrete
The paper discusses the mechanical and selected rheological properties of steel fibre high-strength reinforced concrete (SFHSRC). The creep deformation in compression, total shrinkage strain, compression strength, longitudinal modulus of elasticity and tensile strength of steel fibre high-strength reinforced concrete have been presented in the research. Steel reinforcements with a length of 13m...
A planar rod model with flexible cross-section for the folding and the dynamic deployment of tape springs: Improvements and comparisons with experiments
A planar rod model with flexible cross-section has been recently proposed in literature (Guinot et al., 2012). This model is especially suitable for the modeling of tape springs, which develop localized folds due to the flattening of the cross-section. Starting from a complete non-linear elastic shell model, original kinematics assumptions (inspired from the elastica model) have been made to de...


Wedge-shaped fracturing in the pull out of FRP stiffeners from quasi-brittle substrates
Fiber-Reinforced-Polymer (FRP) strips can be glued to the surface of concrete or masonry structures to improve their strength. Pull-out tests on FRP bonds have shown a progressive failure of the adhesive joint involving early-stage cracking parallel to the axis of the FRP stiffener, and an inclined crack initiating at the free end of the stiffener and extending into the quasi-brittle substrate ...
Thermo-damage-viscoelastic constitutive model of HTPB composite propellant
The main goal of this work is to establish a thermo-damage-viscoelastic model for Hydroxyl-Terminated Polybutadiene (HTPB) composite propellant based on the thermodynamic theory and elastic–viscoelastic correspondence principles. The model will also consider the influence of temperatures. The parameter α which represent the damage evolution rate and the material constants a, b are defined as...

Nanoscale flexoelectric energy harvesting
One of the most tantalizing applications of piezoelectricity is to harvest energy from ambient mechanical vibrations for powering micro and nano devices. However, piezoelectricity is restricted only to certain materials and is severely compromised at high temperatures. In this article, we examine in detail, the possibility of using the phenomenon of flexoelectricity for energy harvesting. The f...
Peridynamic beams: A non-ordinary, state-based model
This paper develops a new peridynamic state based model to represent the bending of an Euler–Bernoulli beam. This model is non-ordinary and derived from the concept of a rotational spring between bonds. While multiple peridynamic material models capture the behavior of solid materials, this is the first 1D state based peridynamic model to resist bending. For sufficiently homogeneous and diffe...

Microstructural effects in non linear stratified composites
In this paper, we analyze the microstructural effects on non linear elastic and periodic composites within the framework of asymptotic homogenization. We assume that the constitutive laws of the individual constituents derive from strain potentials. The microstructural effects are incorporated by considering the higher order terms, which come from the asymptotic series expansion. The complete s...
Effect of mass diffusion on the damping ratio in micro-beam resonators
Present investigation is focused on studying the effect of mass diffusion on the quality factor of the micro-beam resonators. Equation of motion is obtained using Hamilton’s principle and also the equations of thermo-diffusive elastic damping are established using two dimensional non-Fourier heat conduction and non-Fickian mass diffusion models. Free vibration of a clamped–clamped micro-bea...

Free energy and states of fractional-order hereditariness
Complex materials, often encountered in recent engineering and material sciences applications, show no complete separations between solid and fluid phases. This aspect is reflected in the continuous relaxation time spectra recorded in cyclic load tests. As a consequence the material free energy cannot be defined in a unique manner yielding a significative lack of knowledge of the maximum recove...
Buckling of a stiff thin film on a pre-strained bi-layer substrate
Controlled buckling can impart stretchable mechanics to brittle materials when integrated as thin films on soft, elastomeric substrates. Typical elastomers are permeable to fluids, however, and therefor unable to provide robust barriers to entry of water, for instance, into devices built with the supported thin films. In addition, the mechanical strength of a system dominated by a soft substrat...
Bridging techniques in a multi-scale modeling of pattern formation
Bridging techniques between microscopic and macroscopic models are discussed in the case of wrinkling analysis. The considered macroscopic models are related to envelope equations of Ginzburg–Landau type, but generally, they are not valid up to the boundary. To this end, a multi-scale approach is considered: the reduced model is implemented in the bulk while the full model is applied near the...
Modelling of perforation failure in fibre metal laminates subjected to high impulsive blast loading
Perforation failure of fibre metal laminate (FML) panels subjected to the localized high intensity blast loading is studied. The FMLs are based on various stacking configurations of aluminium alloy sheets and layers of woven glass fibre in a polypropylene matrix (GFPP) composite. Finite element models of the FMLs were created using the commercial software package Abaqus/Explicit, where the cons...