Food

Differential Induction of 3-deoxyanthocyanidin Phytoalexins in Relation to Colletotrichum falcatum Resistance in Sugarcane
Sugarcane secrets a reddish pigment presumed to contain phytoalexin compounds in the stalk tissues in response to infection of Colletotrichum falcatum, causing red rot. To identify the phytoalexin compounds involved in red rot resistance, detailed HPLC analyses were conducted using the phytoalexin standards in a set of sugarcane cultivars varying in red rot resistance, after pathogen inoculatio...


Solid Phase Extraction of Pb(II) and Cd(II) in Food, Soil, and Water Samples Based on 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-Naphthol-Functionalized Organic–Inorganic Mesoporous Material with the aid of Experimental Design Methodology
An effective sorbent of 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-naphthol-functionalized mesoporous silica has been prepared to simultaneous separation and preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions in aqueous solution. Structural characterization of 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-naphthol-functionalized organic–inorganic hybrid mesoporous materials was conducted by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electro...
An Inexpensive and Sensitive Method for Speciative Determination of Sn(IV), Sn(II), and Total Sn as Sn(IV) in Selected Beverages by Micellar Improved Spectrophotometry
In the present study, an inexpensive, selective, and micellar sensitive spectrophotometric method for Sn(IV) was developed at 537 nm. The method is based on the formation of ternary complex of Sn(IV) with tartaric acid and Celestine blue in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether (Triton X-114) at pH 3.5. The analytical variables affecting cl...


GC–MS Characterization of Volatile Compounds in Habanero Pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) by Optimization of Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Conditions
The habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) is very aromatic and is the hottest pepper in the world. In this study, a headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC–MS) method was developed to evaluate the volatile compounds that contribute to the aroma of Yucatan habanero pepper. The optimization of the extraction conditions by HS-SPME/GC–MS was ...
Quality of meat products packaged and stored under vacuum and modified atmosphere conditions
The experimental materials comprised cooked coarsely-ground and finely-ground sausages. The sausages were packaged in vacuum (V) and in modified atmospheres with the following composition: 20 % CO2, 80 % N2 (A1); 50 % CO2, 50 % N2 (A2); 80 % CO2, 20 % N2 (A3). The samples were stored at around 4 °C for 15 days. The measurements were repeated 8 times: at the completion of the production...


Chemical composition, functional and sensory characteristics of wheat-taro composite flours and biscuits
The physicochemical, alveographic and sensory characteristics of precooked taro-wheat composite flours and their biscuits were investigated. A 2x7 factorial design consisting of two varieties of taro flour (Red Ibo Ngaoundere, RIN, and egg-like varieties) and 7 levels of wheat substitutions (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 %) was used for this purpose. It was observed that water absorption capacit...
Computational fluid dynamics modeling of bun baking process under different oven load conditions
A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed to study the temperature profile of the bun during baking process. Evaporation-condensation mechanism and effect of the latent heat during phase change of water was incorporated in this model to represent actual bun baking process. Simulation results were validated with experimental measurements of bun temperature at two different positio...

Influence of emulsion composition and spray-drying conditions on microencapsulation of tilapia oil
The influence of processing conditions on the microencapsulation of tilapia oil by spray drying was studied. Trehalose, gelatin, sucrose and xanthan were used as emulsion composition. The experimental parameters of spray drying such as inlet air temperature, solid content, drying air flow rate and atomizing pressure were optimized using a central composite design. Encapsulation efficiency and l...
Dietary coconut kernel protein beneficially modulates NFκB and RAGE expression in streptozotocin induced diabetes in rats
Previous studies showed that arginine rich coconut kernel protein (CKP) maintains glucose homeostasis in experimental diabetic rats. But the mechanism of this effect was not clear. This study investigated the effect of CKP on the expression of liver receptor for advance glycated end products (RAGE), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and NFkB. Diabetes was induced by injecting a single dose...

Studies on preparation of mixed fruit toffee from Fig and Guava fruits
Studies were carried out to develop a technology for preparation of mixed fruit toffee from fig and guava fruit pulp and to evaluate the changes in quality of prepared toffees during storage under ambient as well as refrigerated conditions for 180 days. Among the various combinations of fig and guava fruit pulp, toffee prepared from75:25 w/w (fig: guava) ratios was found better than other comb...
Some physical and mechanical properties of roasted Zerun wheat
Some physical and mechanical properties of roasted Zerun wheat were investigated in the moisture range from 8.80 % to 23.40 % wet basis. Mechanical properties were evaluated by examining the effect of moisture content upon the grain rupture force, energy and Weibull parameters. Length, width, thickness, porosity and angle of repose increased nonlinearly from 6.09 to 6.36 mm; 4.17 to 4.18 mm...

Effects of chickpea flour on wheat pasting properties and bread making quality
Pulses (pea, chickpea, lentil, bean) are an important source of food proteins. They contain high amounts of lysine, leucine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and arginine and provide well balanced essential amino acid profiles when consumed with cereals. The influence of partial substitution of wheat flour with chickpea flour at the levels of 10, 20 and 30 % was carried out to study their pasting ...
Effect of sowing time and crop geometry on the Capsaicinoid content in Bhoot Jolokia (Capsicum chinense Jacq.)
Capsicum species are not only cultivated as vegetable and condiment crop but are also incorporated into a number of medicinal preparations in the ancient literature around the world. ‘Naga chilli’ or ‘Bhoot Jolokia’ (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) is a chilli variety indigenous to the northeast region of India and has been recognized as one of the hottest chilli in the world. It has also been...
A comparative study on the physical, chemical and functional properties of carp skin and mammalian gelatins
Carp species forms the bulk of the aquaculture production in India and studies have shown that the filleting waste of these species, particularly skin can be a good source of gelatin. This study is a comparison of the gelatins from these unexploited sources with that of mammalian gelatins to get a better understanding of their physicochemical and functional properties with respect to mammalian ...
Effect of Storage on Rheology of Water-Soluble, Chelate-Soluble and Diluted Alkali-Soluble Pectin in Carrot Cell Walls
The properties and functionality of pectins from plant cell walls depend on their structure. Therefore, the objective of this work was to determine the rheological properties of pectins extracted from plant cell walls with different solvents in relation to postharvest storage time. Water (WSP), chelate (CSP) and diluted alkali (DASP) soluble pectins were studied, taken from carrot cell walls (...