Administration

Hepatocyte growth factor-induced up-regulation of Twist drives epithelial–mesenchymal transition in a canine mammary tumour cell line
Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial step in tumour progression. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying EMT in canine tumours remain to be elucidated. In this study, the similarity or difference in the molecular mechanism of EMT in canine cells was evaluated and compared with that reported in human and mouse cells. We used eight cell lines derived from canine mammary can...


Gender and Corruption: The Mediating Power of Institutional Logics
Scholars have argued that recruiting more women to office is an effective way to curb corruption; however, the more precise mechanisms underlying why this may be the case have remained unclear. We use meso-level theories to elaborate on the relationship and suggest that institutional logics mediate the effect of gendered experiences on corruption. We make two propositions: First, we suggest tha...
Social Media and the New Organization of Government Communications: An Empirical Analysis of Twitter Usage by the Dutch Police
Do social media de-bureaucratize the organization of government communications? Key features of the bureaucratic ideal-type are centralized and formalized external communications and disconnection of internal and external communications. Some authors argue that this organizational model is being replaced by a less bureaucratic model that better fits the communication demands of the information ...


The dutch local government bailout puzzle
The fiscal federalism and public choice literatures stress that government bailouts should be ruled out as they increase the probability that jurisdictions will incur unsustainable debt levels or take excessive risk (moral hazard problem). The recent problems in the euro area seem to confirm this view. However, in the Netherlands, the law explicitly stipulates that local governments which are u...
How Authoritarianism Intensifies Punctuated Equilibrium: The Dynamics of Policy Attention in Hong Kong
The punctuated equilibrium theory contends that government attention allocation is universally leptokurtic in that long periods of stability are punctuated by bursts of rapid and radical change; the empirical evidence in support of this claim is however exclusively drawn from democratic systems. The absence of electoral politics and institutional decentralization in authoritarian regimes could ...


Protective immunity against enteral stages of Trichinella spiralis elicited in mice by live attenuated Salmonella vaccine that secretes a 30-mer parasite epitope fused to the molecular adjuvant C3d-P28
The development of a veterinary vaccine against T. spiralis infection is an alternative strategy to control trichinellosis. In an effort to develop an efficient vaccine, BALB/c mice were immunized with attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium SL3261 that expresses a 30-mer peptide (Ag30) derived from the gp43 of T. spiralis muscle larvae fused to three copies of the molecular adjuvant...
CD44 deficiency leads to decreased proinflammatory cytokine production in lung induced by PCV2 in mice
Porcine circovirus type 2(PCV2), is the primary etiological agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). CD44 is a widely expressed class I transmembrane glycoprotein implicated in immunological and inflammatory responses. In previous studies, the role of CD44 in host defense against microorganisms infection remains controversial. The role of CD44 in host defense against PCV2 inf...

Immigrant Health Care Access and the Affordable Care Act
In spite of major coverage expansions under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), a large proportion of immigrants will continue to remain outside the scope of coverage. Because various provisions of the ACA seek to enhance access, advancing knowledge about immigrant access to health care is necessary. The authors apply the well-known Andersen model on health care access to two ...
Procurement and Predation: Dynamic Sourcing from Financially Constrained Suppliers
This paper studies the relationship between a financially constrained firm and a stronger opponent who is not cash-constrained when these firms repeatedly compete in a procurement context. We characterize and discuss the procurement agency’s optimal strategy when faced with such asymmetric firms. We highlight a trade-off between the long-run benefits from competition and the short-run benefit...

Tax incidence for fragile financial markets
Standard tax incidence analysis deals with households and firms that buy and sell consumption goods, as opposed to financial institutions that buy and sell financial products. This paper develops a framework that allows to study tax incidence on financial markets, and applies it to a financial transactions tax. A main result is that the tax may contribute to financial distress. Moreover, if the...
Politicians, Bureaucrats and Targeted Redistribution
The paper argues that for political reasons elected politicians are more likely to be engaged in targeted redistribution than appointed bureaucrats. It uses the example of patronage jobs in the U. S. local governments to provide empirical support for this claim. It shows that the number of public employees is higher for elected chief executives. This difference is stronger in public services wi...

Media slant against foreign owners: Downsizing
Using a unique data set from nationally distributed quality newspapers in Germany, we find evidence for both quantitative and qualitative media slant against foreign firms. A downsizing foreign firm receives almost twice as much attention as a domestic firm, and the tone of media reports is more negative. Media slant is a measure for economic xenophobia directed against foreign owners, which co...
Using Common-Pool Resource Principles to Design Local Government Fiscal Sustainability
This article analyzes local government fiscal sustainability as a common-pool resource (CPR) problem. Comparing the experiences of Los Angeles County, San Bernardino City, and San Bernardino County, California, the analysis applies a framework developed from three decades of CPR research to show the importance of six micro-situational variables—communications with the full set of participants...
Rational and Compassionate Information Processing: A Conceptual Framework for Authentic Dialogue
Authentic dialogue is a key component of deliberative democracy. Public administration scholars and practitioners have focused on institutional settings for authentic dialogue, but they have paid less attention to behavioral aspects, especially the emotional component, of authentic dialogue. The author proposes a conceptual framework for authentic dialogue that highlights the three dimensions o...
The Difference That Women Make: Government Performance and Women-Led Agencies
Empirical research on the difference that gender makes is sparse. This study is the first step toward providing evidence that agencies led by women perform better than those led by men. Using the Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey (FEVS) data, this study examines the research question: Are women improving federal government agency performance? Preliminary results indicate that they do. The broad...