Administration

The social construction of competence: Conceptions of science and expertise among proponents of the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet in Finland
The article looks at conceptions of science and expertise among lay proponents of the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet in Finland. The research data consist of comments on a webpage related to a debate on the health dangers of animal fats screened in Finnish national television in autumn 2010. The article shows that contrary to the prevailing image advocated by the national nutritional establishm...


Avoiding the Solicitation of Grievances
After a union first starts to obtain signed union authorization cards, the employer is in new territory so far as National Labor Relations Board rules are concerned. Statements and questions that were perfectly lawful one day become unlawful overnight. Supervisors need to be ready to turn on a dime to act lawfully under the new rules. One rule that can be hard to understand at first makes it an...
Untrained Supervisors Get a Company in Trouble
An employer violated the National Labor Relations Act when its shift supervisor and lead supervisor summoned an employee to the supervisor's office and asked if he “knew or had heard anybody talking or trying to bring in the union.” He was also instructed to report back if he heard any union talk.


How to Win (and Prevent) an Ambush Election
An ambush election environment forces companies to “time shift” their communications about unions. Since employers may now get less time to communicate after an election petition is filed, there is a need for more communication before a union arrives. The good news is that the better the job you do up front, the less likely a union organizer will ever gain any traction with your employees.
Embarrassment: The New Union-Organizing Tool
In recent years, unions and other third parties have heavily used public embarrassment as a means of organizing employees. The key to conventional union organizing is to find a disgruntled employee who will serve as a leader and capitalize on existing workplace problems. These problems are typically compounded by communication breakdowns and ineffective supervisors.


NLRB Decides Not to Change Rules on Employer's Control of Workplace E-Mail System
The National Labor Relations Board has declined for now to take from employers their right to control their company's e-mail systems. An important issue in Purple Communications, 361 NLRB No. 43 (2014) was whether the company's rule controlling employees' use of company equipment, especially e-mail, for such nonbusiness purposes as union organizing, was lawful. Unions and the NLRB General Couns...
Serum concentration of high density lipoproteins (HDLs) in leishmaniotic dogs
In order to assess whether the concentration of high density lipoproteins (HDLs) changes in leishmaniotic dogs before and after treatment, HDL cholesterol (HDL-Chol and HDL%), C reactive protein (CRP) and activity of the antioxidant enzyme paraoxonase (PON-1) were measured in sera from 10 controls and 10 leishmaniotic dogs. Seven of these latter were sampled also 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after ...

Domain I and II from newly emerging goose tembusu virus envelope protein functions as a dominant-negative inhibitor of virus infectivity
Flavivirus envelope protein locates at the outermost surface of viral particle and mediates virus entry and fusion in fection, and domains I and II of E protein play an important role in this process. In this study, we have expressed and purified goose tembusu virus (GTV) E protein domains I and II (DI/II) from E.coli, and tested conceptual approach that purified protein serves as anti-viral re...
To commit or not to commit? An experimental investigation of pre-commitments in bargaining situations with asymmetric information
In a recent paper [15] present a model that shows that unilateral pre-commitment reduces the likelihood of agreement in bilateral negotiations over the provision of a public good when parties have private information over their contribution costs. We test the model in a laboratory experiment paying particular attention to how behavioral motivations other than payoff-maximization affect the stre...

Rurality and Competitiveness. Some Observations on the Local Area: The Case of the Sardinian Region
The article presents the results of a study on the classification of municipalities in the Region of Sardinia (Italy) based on the relationship between existing levels of rurality/urbanity and competitiveness in order to evaluate similarities and differences. The study was carried out via multivariate analysis of two sets of indicators, defining the two issues and a subsequent comparison of the...
Microfinance Banks and Rural Development: The Nigeria Experience
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) launched the microfinance banking scheme on December 2005 as part of government strategies to achieve one of the cardinal agendas of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing extreme poverty by 2015. The microfinance banks (MFBs) were promoted to provide financial services to the economically active poor in the society and to create an environment of ...

Financial System Approaches to Microenterprise Development: A Comparison of SHG Bank Linkage and MFI Model in Maharashtra
Microenterprise development (MED) has been recognized as an important strategy for employment generation and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Microfinance has been identified as an important approach to help the poor in getting access to financial services. Among microfinance, self-help group (SHG) bank linkage and microfinance institution (MFI) models are the major models in India....
Marketing Facilitation for Improving Livelihoods of Tribal Producers
Government regulations constrained tribals’ integration with market economy and its benefits. Marketing facilitation institutions established by Government of India for minor forest produce trade had severe limitations. In this regard, an alternative to supplement or compliment government’s work is necessary to improve tribal livelihoods. Non-government organizations (NGOs) which ga...
Local Price Variation and the Income Elasticity of Demand for Lottery Tickets
The cost of living varies as much across locations as it does over time. We demonstrate the importance of considering locational cost of living differences in empirical models of the demand for state lotteries. Previous research has shown that the nominal-income elasticity of demand for lottery tickets is less than one, suggesting that individuals and geographic regions with lower incomes tend ...
Putting your best “face” forward: The role of emotion-based well-being in organizational research
Organizational researchers have long been interested in the role played by employee “happiness” in workplace life. What remains less clear is what exactly constitutes happiness. The present purpose is not to invent a new definition of happiness. Rather the goal is to present the extant body of knowledge about “happiness” in a more manageable and consistent manner to assist future resear...