Administration

Investigation of the presence of canine adenovirus (CAdV) in owned dogs in Northern Italy
The use of a modified live canine adenovirus (CAdV) vaccine has greatly reduced the incidence of infectious canine hepatitis (ICH) in dogs. Nevertheless, cases of CAdV type 1 and 2 (CAdV-1 and CAdV-2) infection have been recently reported posing questions about the epidemiological situation of CAdV in dogs. In order to assess the presence of CAdV, samples from 51 dogs presented at a Veterinary ...


Bundling decisions in procurement auctions with sequential tasks
This paper investigates the principal's bundling decision during a procurement auction for a project consisting of two sequential tasks, in which task externality exists and information arrives sequentially. We show that, although increasing the number of bidders in the market for the second task always tilts the principal's choice toward unbundling, increasing the number of consortiums that ca...
Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption
This paper explores the effects of public health insurance expansions on hospitals’ decisions to adopt medical technology. Specifically, we test whether the expansion of Medicaid eligibility for pregnant women during the 1980s and 1990s affects hospitals’ decisions to adopt neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). While Medicaid expansion provided new insurance to a substantial number of preg...


The provision point mechanism with refund bonuses
We introduce refund bonuses into the provision point mechanism. If a total contribution is less than the provision point, each contributor receives not only his contribution refunded but also a refund bonus the size of which is proportional to the contribution made. However, because of competition for refund bonuses the provision point is reached in equilibrium. Furthermore, the mechanism can u...
From Loss to Looting? Battlefield Costs and Rebel Incentives for Violence
Research into the causes of civilian abuse during civil conflict has increased significantly in recent years, yet the mechanisms responsible for changes in actors' tactics remain poorly understood. I investigate how the outcomes of discrete conflict interactions influence subsequent patterns of rebel violence against civilians. Two competing logics suggest opposite influences of material loss o...


Going Abroad: Transnational Solicitation and Contention by Ethnopolitical Organizations
Existing literature on contentious political movements has generally focused on domestic political activity. Using the new Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior–Middle East data set (MAROB-ME), which contains organization-level data for 104 ethnopolitical organizations in the Middle East and North Africa, we analyze the decision of both violent and nonviolent organizations to engage ...
The Secret Success of Nonproliferation Sanctions
Building on the rationalist literature on sanctions, this article argues that economic and political sanctions are a successful tool of nonproliferation policy, but that selection effects have rendered this success largely hidden. Since the late 1970s—when the United States made the threat of sanctions credible through congressional legislation and began regularly employing sanctions agai...

Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Immigration Policy Making in the United States
This article argues that immigration policy formation in the United States after 1950 can only be understood in the context of the increasing integration of world markets. Increasing trade openness has exposed firms that rely on immigrant labor to foreign competition and increased the likelihood that these firms fail. Increasing openness by other states to foreign direct investment (FDI) allowe...
To Concede or to Resist? The Restraining Effect of Military Alliances
Creating institutions that effectively manage interstate conflict is a priority for policy-makers. In this article we demonstrate that military allies are well positioned to influence the crisis-bargaining behavior of both challengers and targets in ways that often lead to peace. Through a three-player game-theoretic model, we demonstrate that a target's alliances not only have an effect on the...

Explaining the Transnational Design of International Organizations
Past decades have witnessed a shift in international cooperation toward growing involvement of transnational actors (TNAs), such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and philanthropic foundations. This article offers a comprehensive theoretical and empirical account of TNA access to IOs. The analysis builds on a novel data set, covering formal TNA access to 298 organiza...
Function Transformation of Government from the Low-carbon Economy Perspective: Model, Path and Integration
With the development of the world economy and the unsustainable use of resources, the environment is becoming devastating and has serious problems. In order to strengthen environmental management, it’s time to develop the low-carbon economy. Government as the main body, it should transform its functions actively to promote the development of the low-carbon economy in the whole society. This a...

Measuring the Impact of Background Checks on Reducing Crime in Higher Education
Responding to a variety of constituent pressures in recent years, a number of states in the U. S. have enacted legal requirements that their public universities conduct background checks on prospective new employees. The assumption behind these mandates is that background checks reduce crime on campus. This study will attempt to test that assumption by utilizing data gathered under the reportin...
Women Education and Political Participation in the South West Region of Cameroon: An Empirical Analysis
The paper empirically examined the relationship between education level and political participation of women of the South West region of Cameroon. The indices of political participation include the following: membership of political party, voting in elections, occupation of political post, means of occupation of political post and level of occupation of political post. Multistage cluster sampli...
Analysis on the Influence of Policy Factors in Innovating Behavior for Chinese Orphan Drugs’ Industry
Because of the small target market and poor profitability of Orphan Drug, it is difficult to effectively encourage the R&D and production Behavior of the Industry by the market mechanisms alone. So that, it is necessary to implement the incentive policy for Orphan Drug in order to stimulate the innovative behavior. Basing on the analysis of domestic market and foreign and innovative incenti...
Measuring the Impact of Student Background Checks on Reducing Crime in Higher Education
There is general agreement in the literature that student-on-student crime accounts for the overwhelming majority of crimes committed on campus in the United States (Dickerson, 2008). checks on students as a requirement of admission is one tool that may prove effective in reducing crime on campus. So far only one state, North Carolina, has enacted a modified version of such a requirement for ad...