Administration

Where and How You Sit: How Civil Servants View Citizens' Participation
Citizen’s participation is disputed; some see it as enhancing democracy while others see it as undermining representative government. Some find it increases administrative efficiency, and others find it creates additional costs. Studies argue that the outcome depends on the value which civil servants place on inclusion. Echoing Miles’s law, "where you stand depends on where you sit,...


Value Creation, Value Capture, and Value Devolution: Where Do Social Enterprises Stand?
Scientific literature on social enterprise is at an impasse. Either social enterprises maximize profits to have a chance of impact investment or they prevent mission drift by avoiding profit maximization along the lines of traditional philanthropy. This article breaks this stalemate by building on the facts that constrain the daily operation of a social enterprise. It is submitted that a social...
Fear of terror and increased job burnout over time: Examining the mediating role of insomnia and the moderating role of work support
While the prevalence of terrorism has increased substantially, there is a paucity of research on the effects of terrorism on employee behavior at work. Building on conservation of resources (COR) theory, and its extension, the conservation of social resources theory, we close gaps in the literature by investigating the effect of fear of terror on increased job burnout over time, the mediating e...


Effects of implicit achievement motivation, expected evaluations, and domain knowledge on creative performance
This paper explores the effect of achievement motivation on creative performance. I also describe how expectations of differing types of evaluations and knowledge of the domain moderate the relationship between implicit achievement motivation and creativity. suggest achievement motivation, measured implicitly, is related to creative performance. Additionally, the effect of achievement motivatio...
Organizational embeddedness, turnover intentions, and voluntary turnover: The moderating effects of employee demographic characteristics and value orientations
To explain why some employees who experience high embeddedness contemplate leaving their organizations and others do not, we examined the moderating effects of employee demographic characteristics (age and gender) and value orientations (individualism and risk aversion) between organizational embeddedness and turnover intentions. Turnover intentions were further expected to increase voluntary t...


Overqualification and counterproductive work behaviors: Examining a moderated mediation model
The current study examined the effect of employees' perceived overqualification on counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). Building on person–job fit theory and prior research on such organizational phenomena, we conceptualized overqualification as a type of poor person–job fit. Drawing on the dual-process model, we further suggested that in processing their person–job misfit, overqualif...
Post-independence African Policy: African Socialism and the Organization of African Unity
This article discusses the immediate post-independence African policy and the consequences of Africa’s national sovereignty—African socialism in its various forms, and the establishment of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The political trends in Africa in the 1940s and 1950s were largely leftist, partly as a reaction to the colonial countries that the new African leaders viewed as p...

Indirect Rule and Varieties of Governance
This article reexamines the venerable concept of indirect rule. We argue, drawing on evidence from colonial and postcolonial South Asia, that indirect rule actually represented a diverse set of governance forms that need to be clearly distinguished. Using a new typology of varieties of governance, we show that colonial governments established suzerain, hybrid, and de jure governance, in additio...
Is Small Beautiful? Testing the Direct and Nonlinear Effects of Size on Municipal Performance
Although the relationship between managerial capacity and local government performance is well established, research into the direct effect of population size on performance has yielded mixed findings. Using data for 787 municipalities in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, this article examines the direct and nonlinear effects (moderating and curvilinear) of population size on municipal perfo...

The Master of the House"--Agencies in Municipal Service Provision: Balancing Autonomy and Accountability
The article raises the question of to what extent municipalities adopting reforms of decentralization are able to find a stable balance between strategic management and operational autonomy. We performed a case study in a Norwegian municipality with more than 10 years of experience in practicing the agency model characterized by a radical disaggregation and autonomization of functions. Our find...
Causes of (and Solutions for?) Financial Crises in Local Governments: Insights From Local Arab Authorities in Israel
This article examines the relative impact of internal and external factors on the financial decline of local Arab municipalities in Israel. We employ a unique case study to demonstrate that the negative relationship between local management policies and local financial crises is stronger than any other relationship; in addition, this relationship is expected to hold for other local authorities ...

Understanding the Challenges and Sustainability of Citizen Engagement in the Budgeting Processes of Developing Countries
Using Kyrgyzstan as a source of data, this article answers the following questions about citizen engagement in budgeting: (a) What are the key challenges to implementing budget hearings in developing countries? and (b) What factors influence the sustainability of citizen engagement? It identifies several barriers hindering the implementation of local budget meetings, which range from simple org...
The social construction of competence: Conceptions of science and expertise among proponents of the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet in Finland
The article looks at conceptions of science and expertise among lay proponents of the low-carbohydrate high-fat diet in Finland. The research data consist of comments on a webpage related to a debate on the health dangers of animal fats screened in Finnish national television in autumn 2010. The article shows that contrary to the prevailing image advocated by the national nutritional establishm...
Avoiding the Solicitation of Grievances
After a union first starts to obtain signed union authorization cards, the employer is in new territory so far as National Labor Relations Board rules are concerned. Statements and questions that were perfectly lawful one day become unlawful overnight. Supervisors need to be ready to turn on a dime to act lawfully under the new rules. One rule that can be hard to understand at first makes it an...
Untrained Supervisors Get a Company in Trouble
An employer violated the National Labor Relations Act when its shift supervisor and lead supervisor summoned an employee to the supervisor's office and asked if he “knew or had heard anybody talking or trying to bring in the union.” He was also instructed to report back if he heard any union talk.