Environment

Industrial sludge remediation with photonic treatment using Ti–Ag nano-composite thin films: Persistent organic pollutant removal from sludge matrix
Mechanically dewatered industrial sludge (MDIS) was treated using pure and silver-doped thin films (TFs) grown on quartz substrates. TFs were prepared using a sol–gel dip coating technique. The resulting films were annealed at 450 °C for 3 h and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM...


Perceived Adverse Health Effects of Heat and Their Determinants in Deprived Neighbourhoods: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Nine Cities in Canada
This study identifies several characteristics of individuals who report their physical and/or mental health as being adversely affected by summertime heat and humidity, within the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods of the nine largest cities of Québec (Canada). The study is cross-sectional by stratified representative sample; 3485 people were interviewed in their residence. The prevalence of re...
Advancing Efforts to Achieve Health Equity: Equity Metrics for Health Impact Assessment Practice
Equity is a core value of Health Impact Assessment (HIA). Many compelling moral, economic, and health arguments exist for prioritizing and incorporating equity considerations in HIA practice. Decision-makers, stakeholders, and HIA practitioners see the value of HIAs in uncovering the impacts of policy and planning decisions on various population subgroups, developing and prioritizing specific a...


Congener Profiles and Source-Wise Phase Partitioning Analysis of PCDDs/Fs and PCBs in Gyeonggi-Do Ambient Air, South Korea
The atmospheric concentrations and gas–particle partitioning of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDDs/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were investigated at two sites (Suwon and Ansan) in Gyeonggi-do, a heavily industrialized area of Korea, during the year 2010. The sum level (Σ17) of PCDDs/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) in the ambient air at Suwon and Ansan ranged fr...
Normative scenario approach: a vehicle to connect adaptation planning and development needs in developing countries
Climate change adaptation is one of the many development challenges impacting livelihoods in developing countries. Scenario approaches are useful in adaptation planning by putting together projected climate change and socioeconomic trends with broader development needs when identifying associated priorities—and using them to develop appropriate strategies, plans and initiatives. To date, expl...


Climate change impacts on discharges of the Rhone River in Lyon by the end of the twenty-first century: model results and implications
We assess possible modifications in the hydrological behaviour of the Rhone River and its tributaries at Lyon (France). We identify changes during the late-twentieth century based on observations and characterise potential impacts of climatic changes on river response by the end of the century. Different scenarios of the latest generation of IPCC AR5 CMIP5 and hydrological modelling were used a...
Mathematical Model of Dynamic Behavior of Microbial Desalination Cells for Simultaneous Wastewater Treatment and Water Desalination
Microbial desalination cells (MDCs) are an emerging concept for simultaneous wastewater treatment and water desalination. This work presents a mathematical model to simulate dynamic behavior of MDCs for the first time through evaluating multiple factors such as organic supply, salt loading, and current generation. Ordinary differential equations were applied to describe the substrate as well as...

Primary Drinking Water Source and Acute Gastrointestinal Illness: New Mexico, 2007
The objectives of this study are to characterize New Mexico residents’ primary drinking water sources, consumption, and filter use by demographic characteristics, and to compare the 30-day prevalence of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) by water sources. We analyzed data on 6,600 adults surveyed in the 2007 New Mexico Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We estimated p...
Paisang ( Quercus griffithii ): A Keystone Tree Species in Sustainable Agroecosystem Management and Livelihoods in Arunachal Pradesh, India
In a study of the traditional livelihoods of 12 Monpa and Brokpa villages in Arunachal Pradesh, India using social–ecological and participatory rural appraisal techniques, we found that the forest tree species paisang (Quercus griffithii, a species of oak) is vital to agroecosystem sustainability. Paisang trees are conserved both by individuals and through community governance, because their ...

Long-Run Versus Short-Run Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Agricultural Crops
In this paper, we propose an original empirical investigation of the long-run versus short-run impacts of climate change on the Tunisian agricultural sector. Using an original regional database, we apply the panel cointegration tests and estimation of Pedroni (Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics S1 61:653–670, 1999; Review of Economics and Statistics 89:727–731, 2001) to estimate th...
Initial recall and understanding of a multimedia communication campaign to promote physical activity among tweens: A process evaluation study
To examine the degree of awareness and understanding of a multimedia communication campaign (WIXX) aimed at promoting physical activity among tweens (9–13years old) during the early phases of campaign implementation. This study adopted a repeated posttest-only design. Two cross-sectional web-based surveys were conducted in Québec, Canada, among tweens three (T1; N=400) and nine (T2; N=403) m...

Targeted analytical toxicology: Simultaneous determination of 17α-ethynylestradiol and the estrogen-induced vitellogenin biomarker
In most toxicological studies, chemical concentrations and its biological/molecular response (biomarker) levels are often quantified separately. We report a method, named as Targeted Analytical Toxicology (TAT), for the simultaneous determination of levels of chemicals and protein biomarkers in organisms by UPLC/ESI–MS/MS on the basis of targeted proteomics. The TAT method is successfully app...
Marine Ecological Footprint of Italian Mediterranean Fisheries
The capacity of marine and coastal ecosystems to sustain seafood production and consumption is seldom accounted for and is not included in the signals that guide economic development. In this article, we review estimates of marine and coastal areas aimed at sustaining catches for seafood consumption. The aim of this paper is the assessment of the interactions between the environment, intended a...
Metaphors of Nature and Economic Development: Critical Education for Sustainable Business
Neoliberal discourse often conceptualizes nature in relation to its market utility and economic development. This article will address the role of metaphors in shaping neoliberal discourse in business education. The aim of this article is to reveal reasoning patterns about environmental problems and economic development in students of sustainable business minor. The case study described in this...
The “Bad Labor” Footprint: Quantifying the Social Impacts of Globalization
The extent to what bad labor conditions across the globe are associated with international trade is unknown. Here, we quantify the bad labor conditions associated with consumption in seven world regions, the “bad labor” footprint. In particular, we analyze how much occupational health damage, vulnerable employment, gender inequality, share of unskilled workers, child labor, and forced labor...