Environment

Spatially complex land change: The Indirect effect of Brazil's agricultural sector on land use in Amazonia
Soybean farming has brought economic development to parts of South America, as well as environmental hopes and concerns. A substantial hope resides in the decoupling of Brazil's agricultural sector from deforestation in the Amazon region, in which case expansive agriculture need not imply forest degradation. However, concerns have also been voiced about the potential indirect effects of agricul...


Seasonal variation and sources of aerosol pollution in Delhi, India
Urbanization and industrialization in Delhi are growing very rapidly. As a consequence, aerosol emissions are increasing, thus leading to poor ambient air quality for human health. The precise sources and chemical composition of carbonaceous aerosols are not well known. In India, carbonaceous aerosols represent a major part, of around 50 %, of PM2.5: the particulate matter with aerodynamic dia...
Municipal Landfill Leachate-Induced Testicular Oxidative Damage is Associated with Biometal Accumulation and Endocrine Disruption in Rats
Improper management of hazardous wastes adversely impacts the environment and the public health. The present study was aimed at investigating the influence of Olushosun municipal landfill leachate (OMLL) from Ojota in the Lagos State of Nigeria on testicular function by assessing the plasma concentrations of reproductive hormones, testicular biometal levels, and antioxidant levels as well as ob...


Exploring Land Developer Perspectives on Conservation Subdivision Design and Environmentally Sustainable Land Development
Insight into land developers’ perspectives on alternative residential developments and the barriers they experience in trying to develop them can be crucial in efforts to change environmentally damaging low-density, large-lot, and automobile-dependent residential patterns. Using a semi-structured interview instrument followed by short surveys, I examined the views of 16 developers in Waukesha...
Isolation of a Naphthalene-Degrading Strain from Activated Sludge and Bioaugmentation with it in a MBR Treating Coal Gasification Wastewater
A highly effective naphthalene-degrading bacterial strain was isolated from acclimated activated sludge from a coal gasification wastewater plant, and identified as a Streptomyces sp., designated as strain QWE-35. The optimal pH and temperature for naphthalene degradation were 7.0 and 35°C. The presence of additional glucose and methanol significantly increased the degradation efficiency of na...


Lymphoma Caused by Intestinal Microbiota
The intestinal microbiota and gut immune system must constantly communicate to maintain a balance between tolerance and activation: on the one hand, our immune system should protect us from pathogenic microbes and on the other hand, most of the millions of microbes in and on our body are innocuous symbionts and some can even be beneficial. Since there is such a close interaction between the imm...
Multiple Zoonotic Parasites Identified in Dog Feces Collected in Ponte de Lima, Portugal — A Potential Threat to Human Health
Dogs play many roles and their presence within people’s houses has increased. In rural settings dog faeces are not removed from the streets, representing an environmental pollution factor. Our aim was to evaluate the occurrence of environmental contamination with zoonotic intestinal parasites of three groups of dogs in Ponte de Lima, Portugal, with a particular emphasis on Echinococcus granul...

Planetary boundaries: at the threshold… again: sustainable development ideas and politics
The implications of the planetary boundaries (PBs) proposal involves scientific, moral and political dimensions. The core of the PBs idea is that humankind is transgressing global environmental tipping points resulting in changed conditions that threaten to unravel human progress. The growing status of the proposal potentially makes it a highly influential organising concept that seems to conta...
Farmers’ perception of climate change in mediterranean Chile
Meteorologists predict that climate change will have an increasing impact on ecosystems and agricultural production; however, many farmers do not have a clear perception of climate change or how it may affect their crop yields and overall farming operation in the near future. This study examines climate change perceptions in four rural municipalities in Central Chile, and the effect that exposu...

Auswirkungen von Baggerungen und Verklappungen hochwasserbedingter Feinsedimentablagerungen am Fallbeispiel Winterhafen Linz/Donau
Anhand des Fallbeispieles Winterhafen Linz wurden die Auswirkungen von Baggerungen hochwasserbedingter Feinsedimentablagerungen und deren anschließender Verklappung in den Hauptstrom der Donau untersucht. Dabei wurden während der Durchführung der Erhaltungsmaßnahmen die zeitliche und räumliche Ausdehnung der entstehenden Schwebstofffahne und der Einfluss auf die Sohlmorphologie erfasst. Zu...
The Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) as a candidate sentinel of Atlantic Ocean health
Seabirds have been historically used to monitor environmental contamination. The aim of the present study was to test the suitability of a species belonging to the Procellariiformes group, the Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus, as a sentinel of environmental health, by determining contaminant levels (trace metals and organochlorine compounds) from carcass tissues and by isolating Vibrio spp. a...

Preliminary Calculation of the EROI for the Production of Crude Oil and Light Oil Products in Russia
Russia is one of the world’s largest producers of energy resources. The production of energy resources in Russia is profitable both economically and in terms of energy production. Currently, Russian oil and gas companies have a policy of increasing energy efficiency, which will led to an increase in the energy return on investment (EROI) of both oil and gas production as a whole, and of separ...
A Study of Heavy Metal Pollution in China: Current Status, Pollution-control Policies and Countermeasures
In the past 30 years, China’s economy has experienced rapid development, which led to a vast increase in energy consumption and serious environmental pollution. Among the different types of pollution, heavy metal pollution has become one of the major environmental issues in China. A number of studies show that high level of heavy metal exposure is a frequent cause of permanent intellectual an...
Development of Innovative Aerogel Based Plasters: Preliminary Thermal and Acoustic Performance Evaluation
The thermal and acoustic properties of innovative insulating systems used as building coatings were investigated: Granular silica aerogel was mixed with natural plaster in different percentages. This coating solution is transpiring and insulating, thanks to the use of a natural lime coat and aerogel, a highly porous light material with very low thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivity of ...
Quality assessment tools for evidence from environmental science
Assessment of the quality of studies is a critical component of evidence syntheses such as systematic reviews (SRs) that are used to inform policy decisions. To reduce the potential for reviewer bias, and to ensure that the findings of SRs are transparent and reproducible, organisations such as the Cochrane Collaboration, the Campbell Collaboration, and the Collaboration for Environmental Evide...