Anoxic subsurface flow (SSF) constructed wetlands were evaluated for denitrification using nitrified wastewater. The treatment wetlands utilized a readily available organic woodchip-media packing to create the anoxic conditions. After 2 years in operation, nitrate removal was found to be best described by first-order kinetics. Removal rate constants at 2°C (k2) were determined to be 1.41-1.3d-1, with temperature coefficients (I¸) of 1.1 and 1.17, for planted and unplanted experimental woodchip-media SSF wetlands, respectively. First-order removal rate constants decreased as length of operation increased; however, a longer-term study is needed to establish the steady-state values. The hydraulic conductivity in the planted woodchip-media.
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