The aim of this study was to resolve the relationship between physical capacity (PC) and quality of life (Qol) in schizophrenic patients and healthy controls. 31 patients (PG: 18 male, 13 female) and a control group (CG) of 50 healthy subjects (15 male, 35 female) were involved. PC was assessed as peak oxygen uptake [VO2peak, (ml (min kgKG)−1)] and power output expressed as watts per kilogram (W kg−1). Qol was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Patients with schizophrenia showed reduced VO2peak (male: PG 29 ± 5 vs. CG 44 ± 10; female: PG 21 ± 4 vs. CG 30 ± 8) and power output (male: PG 2.04 ± 0.47 vs. CG 3.43 ± 0.70; female PG 1.40 ± 0.28 vs. CG 2.43 ± 0.52). Scales of the SF-36 questionnaire were lower in the PG. While in the CG correlations were found between PC and several subscales of Qol, this was not the case in the PG. The restricted PC seen in the PG showed no relation to their subjectively assessed worsened Qol, which would indicate that schizophrenic patients evaluate limitations arising from this differently than healthy control subjects.
Related Content
Yoga for schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this review was to systematically review and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on symptoms of schizophrenia, quality of life, function, and hospitalization in patients with schizophrenia. MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, and IndMED were screened through August 201...


Diabetes, physical activity participation and exercise capacity in patients with schizophrenia
The aim of this study was to determine if in schizophrenia patients the presence of diabetes is associated with lower physical activity participation and lower exercise capacity compared to patients with pre-diabetes and to patients without (pre-) diabetes. Schizophrenia patients without (pre-)di...
The effects of physical exercise in schizophrenia and affective disorders
Affective and non-affective psychoses are severe and frequent psychiatric disorders. Amongst others, they not only have a profound impact on affected individuals through their symptomatology, but also regarding cognition, brain structure and function. Cognitive impairment influences patients’ q...


Effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive performance and individual psychopathology in depressive and schizophrenia patients
Cognitive deficits are core symptoms in patients with schizophrenia (SZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD), but specific and approved treatments for cognitive deterioration are scarce. Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that aerobic exercise may help to reduce psychopathological sympto...
Evaluation of physical fitness parameters in patients with schizophrenia
The aims of this study were to compare aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacities, pulmonary functions, body composition and fat distribution parameters in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls and to investigate the associations among these parameters. Sixty (30 male, 30 female) patien...

Improving physical health and reducing substance use in psychosis -- randomised control trial (IMPACT RCT): study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is increased in individuals with severe mental illnesses. We set out to establish a multicentre, two arm, parallel cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a health promotion intervention (HPI), IMPACT Therapy. The patient-tailored IMPACT Therapy aims to...
Exercise and severe major depression: Effect on symptom severity and quality of life at discharge in an inpatient cohort
Exercise is a potential treatment for depression. However, few studies have evaluated the role of adjunct exercise in the treatment of severely major depressed inpatients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of add-on exercise on the usual treatment of severely depressed inpatients...

Psychometric Evaluation of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised Among Overweight or Obese Adults
Solving is a key component of weight loss programs. The Social Solving Inventory–Revised (SPSI-R) has not been evaluated in weight loss studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometrics of the SPSI-R. Cronbach’s α (.95 for total score; .67-.92 for subscales) c...
A study of myocardial perfusion in patients with panic disorder and low risk coronary artery disease after 35% Co2 Challenge
We have previously reported that 35% Co2 Challenge induced myocardial ischemia in 81% of Coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with comorbid panic disorder (PD) and previous positive nuclear exercise stress tests. However, it is yet unclear whether this is the case among CAD patients with PD and...

Objective Evidence of Myocardial Ischemia in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few studies have included objective measures of CVD and how PTSD causes CVD remains unknown. We sought to determine the association between PTSD and objectively assessed CVD and examine ...