The aim of this study is to clarify the process of professional socialization, and to identify its attributes, antecedents, and consequences in nursing. Rodgers' evolutionary method of concept analysis was used to clarify the concept of professional socialization in the field of nursing. SourceA literature review was conducted by performing a search on scientific databases using the key terms “socialization,” “professional socialization,” and “nursing.” Four hundred forty-six papers for the period 1995–2009 were found, out of which 47 articles and 4 books were selected for the analysis. The process was audited by two independent experts in order to ensure neutrality and credibility. Professional socialization is a complex process with four critical attributes: learning, interaction, development, and adaptation. Comprehensive educational programs, competent role models, and the provision of adequate field experiences were found to be the antecedents of these attributes. They have either positive or negative consequences for the professional development of nurses. These findings not only add to the body of knowledge, but also serve as an important impetus for further theory development and research in nursing.
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