Cage-pond integration system is a new model for enhancing productivity of pond aquaculture system. A field trial was conducted using African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in cages and carps in earthen ponds. There were four treatments replicated five times: (1) carps in ponds without cage, tilapia at 30 fish m−3 in cage and carps in open pond, catfish at 100 fish m−3 in cage and carps in open pond, tilapia and catfish at 30 and 100 fish m−3, respectively, in separate cages and carps in open pond. The carps were stocked at 1 fish m−2. The cage occupied about 3% of the pond area. The caged tilapia and catfish were fed and the control ponds were fertilized. showed that the combined extrapolated net yield was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the catfish, tilapia and carps integration system (9.4 ± 1.6 t ha−1 year−1) than in the carp polyculture (3.3 ± 0.7 t ha−1 year−1). The net return from the tilapia and carps (6860 US$ ha−1 year−1) and catfish, tilapia and carps integration systems (6668 US$ ha−1 year−1) was significantly higher than in the carp polyculture (1709 US$ ha−1 year−1) (P < 0.05). This experiment demonstrated that the cage-pond integration of African catfish and Nile tilapia with carps is the best technology to increase production; whereas integration of tilapia and carp for profitability.
Related Content
Heritability and genotype by environment interaction estimates for harvest weight, growth rate, and shape of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) grown in river cage and VAC in Vietnam
Heritability and genotype by environment interaction estimates for harvest weight, growth rate, and shape of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) grown in river cage and VAC in Vietnam


Access to Fish Cage Aquaculture in the Ping River, Northern Thailand
Aquaculture in rivers and other public water bodies raises issues of access and property rights. Over the past few years an industry has developed around the rearing of hybrid red and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in cages in the Ping River in northern Thailand. In this article we repor...
Water quality influences the presence of Streptococcus agalactiae in cage cultured red hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis mossambicus
Water quality influences the presence of Streptococcus agalactiae in cage cultured red hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis mossambicus


Dietary available phosphorus requirement of juvenile walking catfish, Clarias leather
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the optimum requirement of dietary available phosphorus (AP) for juvenile walking catfish, Clarias leather. Six practical diets were formulated to contain graded levels (2.2, 3.9, 5.5, 7.1, 8.8 and 10.4 g kg−1) of AP from dietary ingredients and monoc...
Stocking density of Nile tilapia in cages placed in a hydroelectric reservoir
The Brazilian government has been encouraging fish farming in cages in federal water bodies, including hydroelectric reservoirs. Despite the government support, it is a new activity and the production model still needs some adjustment to reduce the production costs and achieve sustainability. The...

Effects of stocking density and feeding duration in cage-cum-pond-integrated system on growth performance, water quality and economic benefits of Labeo victorianus (Boulenger 1901) culture
Effects of stocking density and feeding duration in cage-cum-pond-integrated system on growth performance, water quality and economic benefits of Labeo victorianus (Boulenger 1901) culture
Restoring the degraded grassland and improving sustainability of grassland ecosystem through chicken farming: A case study in northern China
Long-term irrational land uses have fatigued the fragile grasslands globally, causing severe environmental problems and socio-economic losses. This paper addresses the feasibility of a new land use of chicken farming (CF) from natural, economic and social perspectives for devising sustainable dev...

Effects of stocking density of Labeo rohita on survival, growth and production in cages
Labeo rohita (139.92 ± .76 mm/24.33 ± .45 g) was reared for 92 days in floating square cages (1 m2 area, 1.5 m height) in a pond (2 ha) at six stocking densities (5, 7.5, 1, 15, 2 and 25 fish m−2) each with 3 replicates. Fish were fed daily once in the morning with rice polish and groundnut o...
Field-cage evaluation of the parasitoid Phymastichus coffea as a natural enemy of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei
Phymastichus coffea LaSalle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is an African parasitoid that has been imported to Mexico and other Latin American countries for the biological control of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). As a part of the evaluati...

Pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic integration and modelling of florfenicol in calves
Florfenicol was administered subcutaneously to 10 calves at a dose of 40 mg/kg. Pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) integration and modelling of the data were undertaken using a tissue cage model, which allowed comparison of microbial growth inhibition profiles in three fluids, serum, exud...