The present work describes the development by response surface methodology of a method for manganese and iron determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) in cereal flours, which is based on microwave assisted extraction. The optimization process was performed using two level fractional factorial designs (24-1) and Doehlert design matrix. Four variables such as irradiation power, time, temperature and concentration of nitric acid were regarded as factors in the optimization. of two level fractional factorial designs with 10 runs for manganese and iron extraction, based on the Pareto chart, demonstrated that the factors irradiation power, time and temperature are statistically significant, and concentration of nitric acid is not significant. Then, a Doehlert design was carried out in order to determine the optimum conditions for the procedure through response surface study. The working conditions were established as a compromise between optimum values found for each analyte. These values were 87.0°C, 573.0 W and 40.0 min, for temperature, irradiation power and time, respectively. The accuracy of the optimized procedure was evaluated by analysis of certified reference material. The procedure proposed was applied for the determination of iron and manganese in cereal flours.
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