Multiwall carbon nanotubes were functionalized with epoxy groups by chemical modification in four stages. At each stage, the compound was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Epoxy composite samples were prepared by mixing diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A-based epoxy resin and synthetic epoxy-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (E-MWCNT) with different percentages (1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15%) in acetone. Ultrasonic dispersion was used to produce homogenous blends. The optimum ratio of the reacting components (9%) was investigated by total enthalpy of the curing reaction from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermograms. The kinetics of the curing reaction for epoxy composites with 4,4′-diaminodiphenylsolfon as a curing agent was studied by means of a DSC nonisothermal technique. The kinetic parameters such as activation energy, pre-exponential factor, and rate constant were obtained from DSC data. The structure ofthe nanocomposites and dispersion of the E-MWCNTs in the nanocomposites were observed using SEM, and the thermal properties were studied by thermogravimetric analysis. POLYM. COMPOS., 212.
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