A catalyst system composed of tungstate and Brønsted acidic ionic liquids (BAILs) was found to be highly active for the oxidative desulfurization (ODS) removal of thiophene, benzothiophene (BT), and their derivatives from model oil using 3 wt.% H2O2as the oxidant. Five BAILs, [Hnmp]BF4, [Hmim]BF4, [Hnmp]HSO4, [Hmim]HSO4, and [Hnmp][CH3SO3] (nmp = N-methyl-pyrrolidonium, mim = N-methylimidazolium), and various commercial tungstate compounds were investigated. High activity was obtained for the combination of ammonium tungstate and BAILs [Hnmp]BF4. In this catalytic reaction, sulfur content of model oil containing BT could be decreased from 7 ng μLto less than 1 ng μL. Turnover frequency (TOF) for BT oxidation is higher than 194 × 1 sand that of in non-BAILs [Bmim]BF4is less than 11 × 1 s. Noteworthily, the ODS of thiophene, which has been regarded as difficult task, can be also achieved up to 99% conversion with a TOF of 7 × 1 s. The FT-IR,H NMR and electrochemical measurements evidences indicate that the strong hydrogen bonding between the sulfur-containing compounds and [Hnmp]BF4and the oxidative function of the tungstate synergistically activate the reactants and result in the excellent catalytic performance.A catalytic system composed of ammonium tungstate and a Brønsted acidic ionic liquid (BAIL) [Hnmp]BF4was found to be highly active for the oxidative removal of thiophene, benzothiophene, and their derivatives from model oil using 3 wt.% aqueous H2O2as the oxidant under mild condition.imageThiophene is efficiently oxidized in multi-component catalyst system. The sulfur atom of thiophene is oxidized to. Strong hydrogen bonding between thiophene and BAILs was characterized. The oxidation-Brønsted acid cooperation activation model is proposed..
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