Business

From Supply Chains to Supply Ecosystems: Implications for Strategic Sourcing Research and Practice
Traditionally, sourcing decisions such as what to buy and from whom to buy it were viewed as clerical in nature. Today, however, many executives view sourcing decisions as strategic and these decisions are being made from more prominent positions within firms. Indeed, over time more companies are embracing the concept of strategic sourcing—making acquisition decisions with the intent of creat...


On proper Shapley values for monotone TU-games
The Shapley value of a cooperative transferable utility game distributes the dividend of each coalition in the game equally among its members. Given exogenous weights for all players, the corresponding weighted Shapley value distributes the dividends proportionally to their weights. A proper Shapley value, introduced in Vorob’ev and Liapounov (Game Theory and Applications, vol IV. Nova Scienc...
Reducing the Risk of Injury from Table Saw Use: The Potential Benefits and Costs of Automatic Protection
The use of table saws in the United States is associated with approximately 28,000 emergency department (ED) visits and 2,000 cases of finger amputation per year. This article provides a quantitative estimate of the economic benefits of automatic protection systems that could be designed into new table saw products. Benefits are defined as reduced health-care costs, enhanced production at work,...


Estimating Benchmark Exposure for Air Particulate Matter Using Latent Class Models
We performed benchmark exposure (BME) calculations for particulate matter when multiple dichotomous outcome variables are involved using latent class modeling techniques and generated separate results for both the extra risk and additional risk. The use of latent class models in this study is advantageous because it combined several outcomes into just two classes (namely, a high-risk class and ...
False Alarms and Missed Events: The Impact and Origins of Perceived Inaccuracy in Tornado Warning Systems
Theory and conventional wisdom suggest that errors undermine the credibility of tornado warning systems and thus decrease the probability that individuals will comply (i.e., engage in protective action) when future warnings are issued. Unfortunately, empirical research on the influence of warning system accuracy on public responses to tornado warnings is incomplete and inconclusive. This study ...


Introduction – Understanding Structural Transformation in Africa
The limitations of neo-classical growth models have led to a resurgence of interest in dual economy models and structural change. Structural change entails the movement of labor from low productivity sectors like agriculture into more modern sectors of the economy. Because the share of the labor force in agriculture is so high in most of Sub-Saharan Africa, the potential for structural change t...
Consultation in Large-Scale Land Acquisitions: An Evaluation of Three Cases in Mali
Consultation is widely recognized as an important aspect of fair land deals; however, in terms of tangible instructions, this aspect remains unspecific. We develop a framework for consultation in the case of land acquisitions and analyze proposals for consultation contained in voluntary guidelines and private governance instruments as well as de jure and—by way of three case studies—de fact...

Psychological Agency: Evidence from the Urban Fringe of Bamako
A deficit in the theorisation of psychological elements of agency and empowerment in development literature exists. To address, I present the results of an empirical study using exploratory mixed methods examining central factors contributing to initiatives people undertake to improve personal and collective well-being in a neighborhood on the urban fringe of Bamako. Informants articulated that...
The Role of Landholding as a Determinant of Food and Nutrition Insecurity in Rural Myanmar
Recent research has emphasized the role of land tenure in influencing rural food and nutrition insecurity in developing countries. We use data from rural Myanmar to empirically analyze the links between land holdings and household level food and nutrition security. Our analysis focuses on the following issues: (i) what are the socio-economic characteristics of food insecure households?, (ii) wh...

Resettlement and Gender Dimensions of Land Rights in Post-Conflict Northern Uganda
Evidence shows even low levels of land conflict may undermine land governance and management, constrain agricultural productivity, and serve to perpetuate civil violence. This study estimates the effect of conflict-related displacement experiences on gender-differentiated land outcomes in Northern Uganda. We exploit exogenous variation in displacement to identify impacts on land among returning...
Feminization, Defeminization, and Structural Change in Manufacturing
The paper uses accounting decomposition methods to analyze changes in female shares of manufacturing employment for 36 countries at different levels of development from 1981 to 2008, for the manufacturing sector as a whole and within a group of labor-intensive manufacturing industries for selected countries. For the majority of countries, feminizing and defeminizing, labor-intensive industries ...

Can Developing Countries Both Decentralize and Depoliticize Urban Water Services? Evaluating the Legacy of the 1990s Reform Wave
Over the past three decades, decentralization and reforms designed to insulate service providers from interference by elected officials (“insulating reforms”), such as corporatization and privatization, swept through the urban water and sanitation sector in developing countries. We argue that their rationales were contradictory; decentralization was intended to increase citizen participatio...
Turning water into wine? Exploring the role of dynamic capabilities in early-stage capitalization processes
Technology-based ventures face considerable challenges when attempting to raise early-stage capital during the early-stages of development. To create an operational business they need access to financial capital, but external investors prefer to see an operational business before investing capital. This study extends arguments grounded in dynamic managerial capabilities theory to examine the ex...
Famille et enfants: obstacles ou incitations à l'emploi indépendant des femmes en Norvège?
La sous-représentation des femmes parmi les entrepreneurs et les travailleurs indépendants est commune à bien des cultures et des pays, mais ses raisons restent mal comprises. L'auteur examine, pour la Norvège, l'influence de la situation familiale des femmes à cet égard: présence d'enfants et leur âge, rôle du conjoint, ressources financières du ménage. Les résultats montrent que l...
Les femmes et le travail à temps partiel: une étude dans les pays européens
Les auteurs analysent le travail à temps partiel féminin dans vingt-trois pays d'Europe en distinguant temps partiel court et temps partiel long. Au niveau individuel, le temps partiel court est associé aux tranches d'âge extrêmes, à un handicap léger, à un nombre d'enfants plus important, à un moindre niveau de formation et aux services collectifs, sociaux et personnels. La comparaiso...