Health

Pregnancy in Women Aged 35 Years and Above: A Prospective Observational Study
Pregnancy is affected by maternal age from conception till delivery. Various studies have been conducted globally to study this effect; few in developing countries. Maternal age is increasing in developing countries as well, so we have conducted this study. This was a prospective observational study consisting of 1,263 women booked at Jehangir hospital during a period of 2 years, fulfilling in...


Direct method for life prediction of fibre reinforced polymer composites based on kinematic of damage potential
In this paper, a direct computational method of life prediction for fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) is developed. This approach is based on a simplified direct method (SDM) which allows to predict the life from the stabilized damage state. The SDM is extended to the case of anisotropic continuous damage mechanics of FRP. It is shown that damage processes in composite material subjected to fatig...
High and low cycle fatigue behavior of linear friction welded Ti–6Al–4V
Linear friction welded Ti–6Al–4V was investigated in fatigue at various stress amplitudes ranging from the high cycle fatigue (HCF) to the low cycle fatigue (LCF) regime. The base material was composed of hot-rolled Ti–6Al–4V plate that presented a strong crystallographic texture. The welds were characterized in terms of microstructure using electron backscatter diffraction and hardness...


Microscopic inhomogeneity coupled with macroscopic homogeneity: A localized zone of energy density for fatigue crack growth
Fatigue failure problem is a typical multi-scale problem that passes at least two different scales of micro-scale to macro-scale. Moreover, the microscopic effects play an important role in a fatigue process. However, the microscopic non-equilibrium and non-homogeneity (NENH) is grossly incompatible with the classical concepts of equilibrium used in mono-scale fracture mechanics. Localized ener...
Two-year Treatment Outcome of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection Treated with Besifovir vs. Entecavir: Results from a Multicentre Study
We aimed to compare the viral suppression, safety and rate of drug resistance between besifovir (a new acyclic nucleotide analog) and entecavir. Treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients receiving besifovir 90 mg (n=31), 150 mg (n=28) and entecavir 0.5 mg (n=30) were monitored for liver biochemistry, viral serology, HBV DNA levels, development of drug resistance mutations, and adverse event...


Evaluating the impact of environmental interventions across 2 countries: the International Bikeshare Impacts on Cycling and Collisions Study (IBICCS) Study protocol
Few international studies examine public bicycle share programs (PBSP) health impacts. We describe the protocol for the International Bikeshare Impacts on Cycling and Collisions Study (IBICCS). A quasi-experimental non-equivalent groups design was used. Intervention cities (Montreal, Toronto, Boston, New York and Vancouver) were matched to control cities (Chicago, Detroit, and Philadelphia) on ...
The association between adolescents' health and disparities in school career: a longitudinal cohort study
Literature suggests that children's educational achievement is associated with their health status and the socioeconomic position of their parents. Few studies have investigated this association in adolescence, while this is an important period affecting future life trajectories. Our study investigates the relationship between adolescents' health and their subsequent school career, taking into ...

A comparison of the double hydrodistention implantation technique (HIT) and the HIT with a polyacrylate/polyalcohol copolymer (PPC) for the endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux
We aimed to compare the success rates of the double hydrodistention implantation technique (HIT) and the HIT with a polyacrylate/polyalcohol copolymer (PPC) for the treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) with a new nonbiodegradable tissue-augmenting substance (Vantris, Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina). Between January 2011 and December 2012, fifty-two children who underwent subureteric i...
HbA1c and survival in maintenance hemodialysis patients with diabetes in Han Chinese population
Previous observational studies using differing methodologies have yielded inconsistent results regarding the association between glycemic control and outcomes in diabetic patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between HbA1c and survival in diabetic MHD patients in Han Chinese population. A 5-year cohort (October 2007–Decembe...

Infusion of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Protects Lung Transplants from Cold Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Mice
Cold ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major cause of graft failure in lung transplantation. Despite therapeutic benefits of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in attenuating acute lung injury, their protection of lung transplants from cold IRI remains elusive. The present study was to test the efficacy of MSCs in the prevention of cold IRI using a novel murine model of orthotopic lung transpla...
Surgical Versus Percutaneous Revascularization in Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease
New-generation stents have been continually developed in order to improve the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several randomized clinical trials have been conducted over the last two decades to compare the outcomes of PCI with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which has been the time-tested treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. The Synergy betw...

Probing short-term face memory in developmental prosopagnosia
It has recently been proposed that the face recognition deficits seen in neurodevelopmental disorders may reflect impaired short-term face memory. For example, introducing a brief delay between the presentation of target and test faces seems to disproportionately impair matching or recognition performance in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The present study sought to determine wheth...
The frontal aslant tract underlies speech fluency in persistent developmental stuttering
The frontal aslant tract (FAT) is a pathway that connects the inferior frontal gyrus with the supplementary motor area (SMA) and pre-SMA. The FAT was recently identified and introduced as part of a “motor stream” that plays an important role in speech production. In this study, we use diffusion imaging to examine the hypothesis that the FAT underlies speech fluency, by studying its properti...
Elder abuse awareness in Italy: analysis of reports to the Prosecutor Office of Bologna
In Italy, the prevalence of elder abuse is estimated from 10 to 12.7 %. Even if the elderly are not specifically protected by the Italian Penal Code, it contains several articles punishing crimes against disadvantaged groups in which elders may be included. Article 572 about mistreatment of family members or cohabitants, and article 643 about circumvention of incapable best fit elder abuse or ...
Management of malfunctioning and recalled pacemaker and defibrillator leads: results of the European Heart Rhythm Association survey
The aim of this survey was to describe the different strategies regarding the management of malfunctioning and recalled pacemaker and defibrillator leads across Europe. A questionnaire has been designed to assess the current practice and physician's approach to the management of leads which are faulty, unnecessary, and/or recalled. Responses to the questionnaire were received from 34 hospitals-...