Biology

The puzzle of sub-maximal resource use by a parasitoid wasp
Traits that increase individual fitness dominate in a population, thus it ispuzzling when an organism exhibits behavior apparently counter to its own bestinterests. Here we consider nine potential explanations for submaximal resourceuse by a parasitoid wasp. In this host-parasitoid system, virtually all hostsare found by the wasp on a landscape scale. Yet only about a third of the eggsin any ho...


Climate change and shrinking salamanders: Alternative mechanisms for changes in plethodontid salamander body size
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated correlations betweenclimate trends and body size change of organisms. In many cases, climate mightbe expected to influence body size by altering thermoregulation, energetics orfood availability. However, observed body size changes can result fromecological processes (e.g., growth, selection, population dynamics), yet mayalso be due to imperfect ...
Application of signal processing techniques in the assessment of clinical risks in preterm infants
Preterm infants with very low birth weight suffer from a high risk ofintra-ventricular hemorrhage(IVH) and other serious diseases. To improve theclinical risk assessment of preterm infants and develop potential clinicallymakers for the adverse outcome, the first part of the paper develops thefrequency spectral analysis on the non-invasively measured heart ratevariability, blood pressure variabi...


Expressions of local renin-angiotensin system components in chondrocytes
In 2013, we reported that local renin-angiotensin system (local RAS) components express during the hypertrophic differentiation of chondrocytes and can modulate it, using ATDC5 cell line that involves differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells to calcified hypertrophic chondrocytes. However, the expressions of local RAS components in normal chondrocytes have not been revealed yet. The purpose ...
Flexural Toughness of Steel Fiber Reinforced High Performance Concrete Containing Nano-SiO2 and Fly Ash
This paper aims to clarify the effect of steel fiber on the flexural toughness of the high performance concrete containing fly ash and nano-SiO2. The flexural toughness was evaluated by two methods, which are based on ASTM C1018 and DBV-1998, respectively. By means of three-point bending method, the flexural toughness indices, variation coefficients of bearing capacity, deformation energy, and ...


Decision Support Model for Introduction of Gamification Solution Using AHP
Gamification means the use of various elements of game design in nongame contexts including workplace collaboration, marketing, education, military, and medical services. Gamification is effective for both improving workplace productivity and motivating employees. However, introduction of gamification is not easy because the planning and implementation processes of gamification are very complic...
A Heuristic for Disassembly Planning in Remanufacturing System
This study aims to improve the efficiency of disassembly planning in remanufacturing environment. Even though disassembly processes are considered as the reverse of the corresponding assembly processes, under some technological and management constraints the feasible and efficient disassembly planning can be achieved by only well-designed algorithms. In this paper, we propose a heuristic for di...

Isolation and Characterization of Paracoccus sp. GSM2 Capable of Degrading Textile Azo Dye Reactive Violet 5
A potential bacterial strain GSM2, capable of degrading an azo dye Reactive Violet 5 as a sole source of carbon, was isolated from textile mill effluent from Solapur, India. The 16S rDNA sequence and phenotypic characteristics indicated an isolated organism as Paracoccus sp. GSM2. This strain exhibited complete decolorization of Reactive Violet 5 (100 mg/L) within 16 h, while maximally it c...
Effects of Thinning Intensities on Soil Infiltration and Water Storage Capacity in a Chinese Pine-Oak Mixed Forest
Thinning is a crucial practice in the forest ecosystem management. The soil infiltration rate and water storage capacity of pine-oak mixed forest under three different thinning intensity treatments (15%, 30%, and 60%) were studied in Qinling Mountains of China. The thinning operations had a significant influence on soil infiltration rate and water storage capacity. The soil infiltration rate an...

An Investigation of Generalized Differential Evolution Metaheuristic for Multiobjective Optimal Crop-Mix Planning Decision
This paper presents an annual multiobjective crop-mix planning as a problem of concurrent maximization of net profit and maximization of crop production to determine an optimal cropping pattern. The optimal crop production in a particular planting season is a crucial decision making task from the perspectives of economic management and sustainable agriculture. A multiobjective optimal crop-mix ...
A Novel Resource Management Method of Providing Operating System as a Service for Mobile Transparent Computing
This paper presents a framework for mobile transparent computing. It extends the PC transparent computing to mobile terminals. Since resources contain different kinds of operating systems and user data that are stored in a remote server, how to manage the network resources is essential. In this paper, we apply the technologies of quick emulator (QEMU) virtualization and mobile agent for mobile ...

Mineral Element Contents in Commercially Valuable Fish Species in Spain
The aim of this study was to measure selected metal concentrations in Trachurus trachurus, Trachurus picturatus, and Trachurus mediterraneus, which are widely consumed in Spain. Principal component analysis suggested that the variable Cr was the main responsible variable for the identification of T. trachurus, the variables As and Sn for T. mediterraneus, and the rest of variables for T. pictur...
Soft Congruence Relations over Rings
Molodtsov introduced the concept of soft sets, which can be seen as a new mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. In this paper, we initiate the study of soft congruence relations by using the soft set theory. The notions of soft quotient rings, generalized soft ideals and generalized soft quotient rings, are introduced, and several related properties are investigated. Also, we obtain a...
A Color Gamut Description Algorithm for Liquid Crystal Displays in CIELAB Space
Because the accuracy of gamut boundary description is significant for gamut mapping process, a gamut boundary calculating method for LCD monitors is proposed in this paper. Within most of the previous gamut boundary calculation algorithms, the gamut boundary is calculated in CIELAB space directly, and part of inside-gamut points are mistaken for the boundary points. While, in the new proposed a...
Risk Intelligence: Making Profit from Uncertainty in Data Processing System
In extreme scale data processing systems, fault tolerance is an essential and indispensable part. Proactive fault tolerance scheme (such as the speculative execution in MapReduce framework) is introduced to dramatically improve the response time of job executions when the failure becomes a norm rather than an exception. Efficient proactive fault tolerance schemes require precise knowledge on th...