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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Betaherpesvirus DNAemia in Children >3 Weeks and <2 Years of Age Admitted to a Large Referral Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa
This study describes the prevalence of betaherpesvirus DNAemia among a broad cross-section of hospitalized African children aged 3 weeks to 2 years, showing independent associations between cytomegalovirus infection and human immunodeficiency virus, being underweight, and an admissions diagnosis of meningitis.


Treatment With Anti-C5a Antibody Improves the Outcome of H7N9 Virus Infection in African Green Monkeys
This study demonstrated that aberrant complement activation plays an important role in pathogenesis of acute lung injury induced by influenza A(H7N9) virus infection and that anti-C5a antibody treatment might be an effective new strategy for acute viral pneumonia.
Effects of Peri-Urban Land Use Changes on Forest Ecosystem Services: The Case of Settlements Surrounding Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserves in Tanzania
Peri-urban settlements constitute foci of urban expansion in most cities of the developing world. They provide livelihood opportunities by exploiting adjacent resources such as forest products, land and water. Yet they constitute a conflicting zone of development whereby urban and rural livelihoods compete for space. This paper examines the effects of peri-urban land-use changes on forest ecosy...


Elections, Information, and Policy Responsiveness in Autocratic Regimes
The responsiveness of policy to election results is a central component of democracy. Do the outcomes of autocratic elections also affect policy choice? Even when the threat of turnover is low, I argue that autocratic elections influence policy by allowing citizens to signal dissatisfaction with the regime. Supplementing existing work, this study explains how this opposition is communicated cre...
Coalitions and Compensation: The Case of Unemployment Benefit Duration
This paper examines unemployment benefit reforms in twenty-five advanced democracies between the middle of the 1980s and the onset of the Great Recession in 2008. The paper’s main argument is that the type of government – coalition or single-party – has an effect on whether cutbacks in social benefits are combined with compensating measures that mitigate the negative effects o...


Fused ureters in patient with horseshoe kidney and aortic abdominal aneurysm
Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a very common developmental abnormality in the kidney. They are associated with abnormalities like multiple renal arteries, abnormal position of the ureter in the renal pelvis and highly placed ureteropelvic junction. These can result in urological complications. However, the ureters run their separate course and empty individually into the urinary bladder. Surprisingl...
Raman microspectroscopic analysis of pigments of the Gothic wall painting from the Dominican Monastery in Ptuj (Slovenia)
The study deals with the characterization of pigments from the newly discovered wall painting at the Dominican Monastery in Ptuj (Slovenia) in order to acquire detailed information about the technology used, as well as to identify the deterioration products. The uncovered wall painting, depicting a vivid procession of riders, is dated to the late 14th century. Painting techniques and pigments w...

Mean-Variance Problems for Finite Horizon Semi-Markov Decision Processes
This paper deals with a mean-variance problem for finite horizon semi-Markov decision processes. The state and action spaces are Borel spaces, while the reward function may be unbounded. The goal is to seek an optimal policy with minimal finite horizon reward variance over the set of policies with a given mean. Using the theory of (N)-step contraction, we give a characterization of policies wit...
Existence and Uniqueness Result for Mean Field Games with Congestion Effect on Graphs
This paper presents a general existence and uniqueness result for mean field games equations on graphs ((mathcal {G})-MFG). In particular, our setting allows to take into account congestion effects of almost any form. These general congestion effects are particularly relevant in graphs in which the cost to move from one node to another may for instance depend on the proportion of players in bot...

Comparison of inter- and intraspecies variation in humans and fruit flies
Variation is essential to species survival and adaptation during evolution. This variation is conferred by the imperfection of biochemical processes, such as mutations and alterations in DNA sequences, and can also be seen within genomes through processes such as the generation of antibodies. Recent sequencing projects have produced multiple versions of the genomes of humans and fruit flies (Dr...
Reduction of Opiate Withdrawal Symptoms With Use of Clonidine in a County Jail
Increasingly, addicted inmates admitted to jail in New Mexico are in the process of opiate withdrawal. While the standard for opiate detoxification is a narcotic taper, correctional policy restricts opiate use for safety reasons. An alternative for withdrawal is a supportive intervention with clonidine, a non-opiate. Could clonidine be beneficial for acute opiate withdrawal symptoms in this pop...

Screening Incarcerated Juveniles Using the MAYSI-2
The high prevalence of mental health disorders among incarcerated juveniles is a matter of national and global concern. Juvenile justice personnel need accurate screening measures that identify youth requiring immediate mental health services. The purpose of this study was threefold: (a) to examine the utility of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, Version 2 (MAYSI-2) in identifying j...
Online Medication History Retrieval
The difficulty of obtaining accurate medication history from inmates at the time of incarceration is daunting. This article summarizes the success of a large urban jail in the use of online data to identify medication history upon incarceration. This article describes the scope of available prescription data, the implementation of online retrieval, system limitations, planned improvements, and ...
Temocillin (6 g daily) in critically ill patients: continuous infusion versus three times daily administration
The growing incidence of infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae producing ESBLs has led to increased use of carbapenems. Temocillin, which resists most β-lactamases, may be a useful alternative. The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics and target attainment rates of 6 g of temocillin daily divided into three administrations every 8 h (three times daily) or administered by ...
Pretreatment HIV-1 drug resistance to first-line drugs: results from a baseline assessment of a large cohort initiating ART in Vietnam, 2009-10
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) to first-line antiretroviral drugs among people initiating therapy for HIV in Vietnam. Blood was collected during November 2009 to October 2010 from people consecutively initiating ART in four purposively selected public outpatient clinics in three Vietnamese cities. At each study si...