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Sketch-based interactive visualization: a survey
Interactive visualization has been an active subfield of scientific visualization for a longtime, in which user interfaces have traditionally followed the WIMP (Window, Icon, Menu, Pointer) paradigm. Though functional and powerful, they can also be cumbersome and daunting to a novice user, and exploring complex data requires considerable expertise and effort. A recent trend is toward more easy-...


Estimating the volcanic emission rate and atmospheric lifetime of SO2 from space: a case study for Kīlauea volcano, Hawai`i
We present an analysis of SO2 column densities derived from GOME-2 satellite measurements for the Kīlauea volcano (Hawai`i) for 2007–2012. During a period of enhanced degassing activity in March–November 2008, monthly mean SO2 emission rates and effective SO2 lifetimes are determined simultaneously from the observed downwind plume evolution and meteorological wind fields, without further m...
Molecular corridors and kinetic regimes in the multiphase chemical evolution of secondary organic aerosol
The dominant component of atmospheric, organic aerosol is that derived fromthe oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), so-called secondaryorganic aerosol (SOA). SOA consists of a multitude of organic compounds,only a small fraction of which has historically been identified. Formationand evolution of SOA is a complex process involving coupled chemicalreaction and mass transport in the ga...


Land-surface controls on afternoon precipitation diagnosed from observational data: uncertainties and confounding factors
The feedback between soil moisture and precipitation has long been a topic of interest due to its potential for improving weather and seasonal forecasts. The generally proposed mechanism assumes a control of soil moisture on precipitation via the partitioning of the surface turbulent heat fluxes, as assessed via the evaporative fraction (EF), i.e., the ratio of latent heat to the sum of latent ...
Detection of Giardia lamblia in children by microscopy, ELISA and real time PCR assay
Conventional microscopy, ELISA and Real Time PCR showed Giardia lamblia in a total of 4470 asymptomatic and 423 symptomatic faecal samples from urban slum children of 13 ‐ 60 months age old. ELISA showed more sensitivity (88.88%) and specificity (90.91%) than microscopy (6.5% sensitive and 100% specific). The prevalence of G. lamblia infection among asymptomatic children was 37.93% by microsc...


Adaptation of items of bayley scales of infant development-II (BSID-II) suitable for Bangladeshi infants
The purpose of this study was to culturally adapt the items of Bayley Scales of Infant Development‐II (BSID‐II) for administration upon Bangladeshi infants. The adaptation procedure was conducted by following four steps: (i) field survey on normative sample, (ii) national expertise opinion, (iii) international expertise consultancy and (iv) picture sensitivity review. The culture based prob...
Growth and yield of bari mung-5 (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) following TIBA application
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of TIBA (0, 20, 50, 100, 150 mg/l) on the growth and yield attributes of BARI Mung‐5 laid out in RBD. Plant height decreased due to TIBA treatments. Number of branches and leaves per plant were found to increase in all the treatments at all the ages of growth except at 7 DAS and the maximum number of branches and leaves were recorded due to 2...

Performance of an organic fertilizer on the growth and yield of rice
A total of 9 treatments of Northern Jaibo‐Sar (NJS) and Northern Bio Fertilizer (NBF) in combination with different proportions of soil test based fertilizer (SBF) together with a control was applied, Northern Shakti was used instead of NBF in Boro season. Maximum net benefit and marginal rate of return was obtained in case of T. Aman and Boro season from treatment T3. On the basis of results...
Propagation, antibacterial activity and phytochemical profiles of Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. B. Robinson
The propagation, antibacterial activity and phytochemical profiles of Litsea glutinosa have been focused. Percentage of viable seed was 70 by tetrazoliumchloride staining technique, while germination rates were 75, 70, 55 and 20% in clay loam soil, clay loam: compost, compost and sand, respectively. Propagation of basal cutting in clay loam soil under the sun was faster than the apical stem cut...

Effects of phosphorus deficiency on ion transport and its correlation with sugar content and anatomical structure in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. Bari chola-5) seedlings
Phosphorus deficiency stimulated accumulation of Na+ in the root but declined in the shoot of chickpea seedlings. K+ content in the root and the shoot increased initially followed by a decrease. Phosphorus deficiency inhibited the accumulation of NO3‐, PO43‐ and also sugar content both in the root and shoot. It also caused a decline in the accumulation of total sugar only in the root. The i...
Floristic account of Boldha garden, Dhaka: Class - Hepaticopsida and Bryopsida
The Boldha garden, Dhaka, is rich in Bryophyte flora because of its special micro‐environment. The present paper on Hepaticopsida and Bryopsida includes an account of 32 species under 12 genera, 10 families and 8 orders. A short taxonomic description of each species with locations, date of collection, name of collectors and alphabetic arrangement of taxa are provided. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/1...

Species type and forest health assessment via hyperspectral remote sensing in the part of Himalayan range, India
Ground spectra using analytical spectral device were collected for dominant species in Rajpur and Mussoorie hills of Lesser Himalayas of India for mapping dominant plant species. Hyperspectral remote sensing data (EO‐1) was used for classification of temperate species such as Quercus leucotrichophora, Cedrus deodara, Thuja orientalis, subtropical species like Pinus roxburghii, and tropical sp...
Anthracnose of betel vine and its in vitro management
The incidence of anthracnose disease was observed lowest in December (10.87%) and highest in July (80.50%) at the three selected betel vine fields of Shalon village in Moulvibazar district. The young stems were found more prone to attack than the old ones. Pathogenicity test showed Colletotrichum dematium and C. gloeosporioides produced characteristic disease symptoms on betel stems. Among them...
Relationship between head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation and nutritional status of children
The prevalence of head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation and malnutrition affect among the children (1 to 7 years) in the area of Mirpur Bihari Camp, Dhaka was observed. A total of 300 children were examined during February 2011 to January 2012, and among them 59.67% prevalence of head lice was observed. The height and weight for age was compared following 50th percentile or standard...
Biology of common rose butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) on the host plant, Aristolochia indica L. (Aristolochiaceae)
To study the biology of Pachliopta aristolochiae on its host plant Aristolochia indica singly laid eggs on the host plant were collected from the field and reared in the laboratory under optimum conditions of temperature (28 ± 3 °C) and relative humidity (70 ± 5% RH). Incubation period of the egg was 5.0 ± 0.6 days, larval developmental period was 11 ± 0.3 days, pre‐pupal period was 0.87...