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Iminosugar derivative WGN-26 suppresses acute allograft rejection via inhibiting the IFN-γ/p-STAT1/T-bet signaling pathway
This study aimed to investigate the effect of the iminosugar derivative WGN-26 on suppressing acute allograft rejection and to explore the underlying mechanisms. The results demonstrated that WGN-26 (12, 6 and 3mg/kg) significantly prolonged the skin allograft survival time in a dose-dependent manner and minimized the pathological changes. The minimum lethal dose was 320mg/kg. By exploring the ...


Quelle campimétrie pour les enfants ?
La recherche d’un champ visuel chez un enfant peut se révéler difficile car elle demande, de sa part, attention, concentration et motivation. Avant l’âge de 5ans, le champ visuel reste qualitatif et peut s’évaluer par des moyens simples. Pour l’enfant plus grand, volontaire, le champ visuel peut être quantitatif et plus précis en utilisant les périmètres. Sachons adapter notre r...
The Clinical Observation of Muscle Energy Techniques and Ligamentous Articular Strain in 2 cases of Cervical Disc Herniation with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
This case report presents two successful treatment cases of cervical disc herniation (CDH) with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) treated using manual therapy technique of the muscle energy technique (MET), ligamentous articular strain (LAS) and additional herbal medicine intake, acupuncture and pharmacopuncture sessions. Significant improvements were reported in the outcome measures at admission ...


Examining the exchange rate regime-monetary policy autonomy nexus: evidence from Malaysia
Some studies suggest that Asian countries can be exempted from the impossible trinity. We examined the empirical relevance of this argument by reviewing the experience of Malaysia. We defined monetary autonomy by analyzing the interaction between the Malaysian and US interest rates. We used the Unrestricted Error Correction Model Pesaran Bound test to analyze the interaction between the Malaysi...
Endogenous Choice of Strategic Incentives in a Mixed Duopoly with a New Managerial Delegation Contract for the Public Firm
This paper revisits the endogenous choice problem of the strategic contracts in a mixed duopoly of one public firm and one managerial private firm, with differentiated goods. This paper considers the situation wherein the separation between ownership and management exists in both the public firm and the private firm. In particular, we focus on a new type of managerial delegation contract in the...


Financial flows and per capita income in developing countries
Using country level panel data over the period 1970-2011, this paper evaluates the direct as well as indirect impact of three types of financial flows (foreign direct investment, remittances and official development aid) on the per capita income of a group of low and middle income countries. The empirical results suggest that the direct effect of official development aid in developing countries...
Foreign exchange market efficiency and profitability of trading rules: Evidence from a developing country
This paper empirically investigates market efficiency and trading rule profitability of the Ugandan foreign exchange market for the period January 1994 to June 2012. We test for market efficiency using a battery of variance ratio tests with superior size and power properties. We find that the Ugandan foreign exchange market is characterised by pricing inefficiency, except for a few brief episod...

Home load management in a residential energy hub
One way of more efficiently utilizing the existing gas and electrical infrastructures is to consider them as one integrated system in planning and operation of energy systems. The energy hub framework is adopted to determine a modeling procedure for such multi carrier energy systems. This paper presents a residential energy hub model for a smart home. A residential combined heat and power (CHP)...
Unbiased economic dispatch in control areas with conventional and renewable generation sources
This paper describes an economic dispatch formulation for a power system control area with high penetration of renewable generation and energy storage. We develop a comprehensive objective function that is unbiased to both the conventional and renewable generation sources. Operating constraints of conventional sources are considered, wind turbine generation is treated as a dispatchable source, ...

Artificial immune networks Copt-aiNet and Opt-aiNet applied to the reconfiguration problem of radial electrical distribution systems
This paper presents two new approaches to solving the reconfiguration problem of electrical distribution systems (EDS) using the Copt-aiNet (Artificial Immune Network for Combinatorial Optimization) and Opt-aiNet (Artificial Immune Network for Optimization) algorithms. The Copt-aiNet and Opt-aiNet algorithms are efficient optimization techniques inspired by the immune network theory (aiNet). Th...
Influence of relative humidity on aerosol composition: Impacts on light extinction and visibility impairment at two sites in coastal area of China
Investigation on the aerosol characteristics, surface visibility (Vis) and meteorology at BGS (Baguanshan, Qingdao) and LNA (Lin'an, Zhejiang) shows that the ambient aerosol chemical composition and light extinction are relative humidity (RH) dependent. At higher RH, both the strengthened hygroscopic growth and the more efficient oxidization (of the precursor gases and formation of the secondar...

Corporate Governance and Environmental Sustainability: The Moderating Role of the National Institutional Context
This study aims to show that the effectiveness of corporate governance in improving firms’ environmental sustainability depends on the national institutional context. Using a sample of 210 firms from 14 countries in North America and Europe, our findings show that regulatory pressures discourage independent directors and separate board chairs to promote environmental sustainability whereas no...
Comparing the Climate Change Actions, Targets and Performance of UK and US Retailers
It is often held that the UK has been something of a leader in its response to climate change, and that the USA has been more of a laggard. Whilst much of this debate relates to government policy, in this paper we consider whether this is true when it comes to corporate action on climate change. We use the retail sector to explore this question. This sector is important because of its own green...
Power groups, interests and interest groups in Latin America: a new era or more of the same?
This final article draws on the 13 contributions to this special issue, regarding the broad range of perspectives and in-depth analyses of interest group systems across Latin America, to assess the contemporary operation and academic study of the region's interest group activity. In doing so, the analysis draws on the questions, premises and framework set out in the first article of this volume...
Complementary ab initio and X-ray nanodiffraction studies of Ta2O5
The complex structure of Ta2O5 led to the development of various structural models. Among them, superstructures represent the most stable configurations. However, their formation requires kinetic activity and long-range ordering processes, which are hardly present during physical vapor deposition. Based on nano-beam X-ray diffraction and concomitant ab initio studies, a new metastable orthorhom...