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Political Corporate Social Responsibility: Reviewing Theories and Setting New Agendas
There has been rising interest in political corporate social responsibility (political CSR), defined as activities where CSR has an intended or unintended political impact, or where intended or unintended political impacts on CSR exist. Based on a survey and content analysis of 146 peer-reviewed academic articles from 18 journals over the 14-year period 2000–2013, this paper systematically re...


The effect of trial frames on adaptive gait
Research investigating how vision affects adaptive gait typically tests participants whilst wearing their own spectacles or whilst wearing trial case lenses mounted in a trial frame. Trial frames are a temporary frame allowing different lenses to be inserted, permitting different visual conditions to be simulated. Trial frames occlude part of the wearer's peripheral visual field. The current st...
Gait and attentional performance in freezers under methylphenidate
Attentional resources appear to be involved in the occurrence of FoG. The Parkgait study recently reported that methylphenidate reduces gait hypokinesia and freezing of gait (FoG) in advanced PD patients receiving STN-DBS in the off-dopaminergic drug condition. Methylphenidate is considered to improve attention. The primary objective of the present ancillary study was to determine whether methy...


The strengths and weaknesses of inverted pendulum models of human walking
An investigation into the kinematic and kinetic predictions of two “inverted pendulum” (IP) models of gait was undertaken. The first model consisted of a single leg, with anthropometrically correct mass and moment of inertia, and a point mass at the hip representing the rest of the body. A second model incorporating the physiological extension of a head-arms-trunk (HAT) segment, held uprigh...
Modular Poly(ethylene glycol) Matrices for the Controlled 3D-Localized Osteogenic Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
The in vitro formation of physiologically relevant engineered tissues is still limited by the availability of adequate growth-factor-presenting cell-instructive biomaterials, allowing simultaneous and three-dimensionally localized differentiation of multiple tissue progenitor cells. Together with ever improving technologies such as microfluidics, printing, or lithography, these biomaterials cou...


Selective peripheral denervation for cervical dystonia: long-term follow-up
61 procedures with selective peripheral denervation for cervical dystonia were retrospectively analysed concerning surgical results, pain, quality of life (QoL) and recurrences. The patients were assessed with the Tsui torticollis scale, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and Fugl-Meyer scale for QoL. Evaluations were performed preoperatively, early postoperatively, at 6 months, then at a mea...
Post-stroke fatigue and its association with poor functional outcome after stroke in young adults
Post-stroke fatigue negatively influences short-term functional outcome in older stroke survivors. In young adults, in the midst of their active working and family life, this influence may even be more pronounced. However, there are only few studies on this topic in young patients with stroke. Therefore, we investigated the long-term prevalence of post-stroke fatigue in patients with a young tr...

Selegiline promotes NOTCH-JAGGED signaling in astrocytes of the peri-infarct region and improves the functional integrity of the neurovascular unit in a rat model of focal ischemia
Our experiments aimed at exploring potential neurorestorative mechanisms of selegiline, a compound routinely used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and previously shown to improve the functional recovery of stroke patients. Selegiline was administered continuously via osmotic mini-pumps between 48 and 216 hours following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Twenty-four hours b...
Dynamic Processes of Speech Development by Seven Adult Learners of Japanese in a Domestic Immersion Context
The present study revealed the dynamic process of speech development in a domestic immersion program by seven adult beginning learners of Japanese. The speech data were analyzed with fluency, accuracy, and complexity measurements at group, interindividual, and intraindividual levels. The results revealed the complex nature of language development among and within individuals. The reasons for su...

Rational Practices to Manage Boll Weevils Colonization and Population Growth on Family Farms in the Semiárido Region of Brazil
Because boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boh. develops partially protected inside cotton fruiting structures, once they become established in a field, they are difficult to control, even with nearly continuous insecticide spray. During two cotton-growing seasons in the Semiárido region of Pernambuco State, Brazil, we tested the use of kaolin sprays to disrupt plant colonization through visual c...
The Three-body System δ Circini
Delta Cir is known as an O7.5 III eclipsing and spectroscopic binary with an eccentric orbit. Penny et al. discovered the presence of a third component in the IUE spectra. The eclipsing binary and the third body revolve around a common center of gravity with a period of 1644 days in an eccentric orbit with a semimajor axis of 10 AU. We demonstrate the presence of apsidal-line rotation with a...

The concept of energy security: Beyond the four As
Energy security studies have expanded from their classic beginnings following the 1970s oil crises to encompass various energy sectors and increasingly diverse issues. This viewpoint contributes to the re-examination of the meaning of energy security that has accompanied this expansion. Our starting point is that energy security is an instance of security in general and thus any concept of it s...
Protecting the autonomy of states to enact tobacco control measures under trade and investment agreements
Since the adoption of the WHO's WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, governments have been pursuing progressively stronger and more wide-reaching tobacco control measures. In response, tobacco companies are frequently using international trade and investment agreements as tools to challenge domestic tobacco control measures. Several significant new trade and investment agreements that s...
Multiple tobacco product use among US adolescents and young adults
To assess the extent to which multiple tobacco product use among adolescents and young adults falls outside current Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority. We conducted a web-based survey of 1596 16–26-year-olds to assess use of 11 types of tobacco products. We ascertained current (past 30 days) tobacco product use among 927 respondents who ever used tobacco. Combustible ...
A comparison of on-pack Quitline information formats
Although tobacco packages have evolved to feature health warnings and, in Australia, dissuasive colours, the format of on-pack cessation information has not changed. We compared how alternative Quitline information formats affected smokers’ perceptions and choice behaviours, and their likelihood of seeking cessation support. We conducted an online study comprising a choice experiment usin...