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Prevalence, determinants and impact of unawareness about the health consequences of tobacco use among 17 929 school personnel in 29 African countries
To assess prevalence, determinants and impact of unawareness about the health consequences of tobacco use among school personnel in Africa. Cross-sectional surveys. Twenty-nine African countries. Representative samples of school personnel from 29 African countries (n=17 929), using data from the 2006–2011 Global School Personnel Surveys. OutcomeWe assessed if school personnel were aware o...


Parent skills training for parents of children or adults with developmental disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
Developmental disorders, including intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders, may limit an individual's capacity to conduct daily activities. The emotional and economic burden on families caring for an individual with a developmental disorder is substantial, and quality of life may be limited by a lack of services. Therefore, finding effective treatments to help this population shou...
A 6-year comparative economic evaluation of healthcare costs and mortality rates of Dutch patients from conventional and CAM GPs
To compare healthcare costs and mortality rates of Dutch patients with a conventional (CON) general practitioner (GP) and patients with a GP who has additionally completed training in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Comparative economic evaluation. Database from the Dutch insurance company Agis. 1 521 773 patients (98.8%) from a CON practice and 18 862 patients (1.2%) from a CAM p...


An extinct nestorid parrot (Aves, Psittaciformes, Nestoridae) from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand
We describe an extinct parrot from late Quaternary fossil bone deposits on the Chatham Islands, located c. 800 km east of mainland New Zealand. Mitochondrial DNA analyses and osteological characters confirm that the Chatham Islands parrot was a sister taxon to the New Zealand kaka (Nestor meridionalis Gmelin, 1788). The relatively large femur : humerus length ratio and broad pelvis of...
New insights into tateid gastropods and their radiation on Fiji based on anatomical and molecular methods (Caenogastropoda: Truncatelloidea)
The South Pacific archipelago of Fiji is characterized by a predominantly Indo-Malesian flora and fauna. We provide a first systematic study on Fiji's tateid gastropods – previously classified as Hydrobiidae – describing 18 new species, combining morphological, anatomical, and molecular data. The molecular phylogeny of tateid gastropods based on 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit...


Why does the Tricommatinae position bounce so much within Laniatores? A cladistic analysis, with description of a new family of Gonyleptoidea (Opiliones, Laniatores)
The first cladistic analysis of the Tricommatinae is presented here based on a matrix with 88 terminals and 117 characters. The subfamily, hitherto with 28 genera and 53 species, is not recovered as a clade, instead it is composed of two nonsister clades, corresponding to the two main physiognomies of Tricommatinae sensu lato: (1) most of the diversity of the Tricommatinae, including the emblem...
Understanding the Precariat through Labour and Work
This article sets out a framework for analysing the globalizing labour process, arguing that the old dualisms of ‘capital’ versus ‘labour’ and ‘formal sector’ versus ‘informal sector’ are inadequate and unhelpful. It begins by making conceptual distinctions between work and labour and between labour and labour power, and goes on to identify a globalizing class structure in which...

Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency and the Paternalistic State in China
Is there a labour movement in China? This contribution argues that China does not have a labour movement, but that contestation between workers, state and capital is best characterized as a form of ‘alienated politics’. Widespread worker resistance is highly effective at the level of the firm because of its ability to inflict losses on capital and disrupt public order. But authoritarian pol...
‘Development’ as if We Have Never Been Modern: Fragments of a Latourian Development Studies
The work of the French anthropologist-cum-philosopher Bruno Latour has influenced a wide variety of disciplines in the past three decades. Yet, Latour has had little noticeable effect within development studies, including those sub-fields where it might be reasonable to expect affinity, such as the anthropology of development. The first half of this article outlines some core aspects of Latour'...

Fundamental movement skills training to promote physical activity in children with and without disability: A pilot study
A positive association between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and physical activity (PA) has been shown in previous research of children with and without disability. This pilot study explored a causal mechanism for such relationship, and hypothesized that when FMS proficiency is improved, enhanced PA uptake will be found in children with and without disability. It was further hypothesized th...
A steady-state heat-transfer model for solids deposition from waxy mixtures in a pipeline
A steady-state heat-transfer model is presented for the formation of a deposit-layer from wax–solvent ‘waxy’ mixtures in a pipeline under turbulent flow. The waxy mixture is taken to enter the pipeline under the single-phase hot flow regime (where the average mixture temperature is higher than its wax appearance temperature, WAT) and, upon gradual cooling, the mixture transitions into the...

Effects of the sulfur content of liquefied petroleum gas on regulated and unregulated emissions from liquefied petroleum gas vehicle
A more stringent standard for sulfur in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is currently being considered by the Ministry of Environment of Korea. Therefore, we investigated the characteristics of exhaust emissions from liquid phase LPG injection passenger car depending on the sulfur content of the LPG. Using a chassis dynamometer test with exhaust gas analyzers and Fourier-transform infrared spectro...
Pyrolysis characteristics of GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic) under non-isothermal conditions
The pyrolysis characteristics of GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic), which is a thermosetting plastic composed of glass fibers and polymer compounds, were determined under non-isothermal conditions while heating at 5–20°C/min from 500 to 900°C using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a batch-type pyrolyzer. The kinetic parameters for the GFRP were derived from the Freedman method wi...
Partial briquetting vs direct addition of biomass in coking blends
In this work partial briquetting is employed as a means of biomass densification to allow for biomass inclusion in coking coal blends. The effect of increasing the bulk density was evaluated by comparison with direct addition. Two briquettes of different composition were studied. The influence of the briquettes on the Gieseler plasticity of the coals was determined. It was found that the effect...
Short wavelength limits of current shot noise suppression
Shot noise in electron beam was assumed to be one of the features beyond control of accelerator physics. Current results attained in experiments at Accelerator Test Facility in Brookhaven and Linac Coherent Light Source in Stanford suggest that the control of the shot noise in electron beam (and therefore of spontaneous radiation and Self Amplified Spontaneous Emission of Free Electron Lasers) ...