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Flood-promoted vessel formation in Prioria copaifera trees in the Darien Gap, Colombia
Trees growing in floodplains develop mechanisms by which to overcome anoxic conditions. Prioria copaifera Griseb. grows on the floodplains of the Atrato River, Colombia, and monodominant communities of this species remain flooded for at least 6 months a year. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to compare variations in tree-ring structure with varying river water levels; and (ii) to rec...


Sequential decision-making approach for quadrangular mesh generation
A new indirect quadrangular mesh generation algorithm which relies on sequential decision-making techniques to search for optimal triangle recombinations is presented. In contrast to the state-of-art Blossom-quad algorithm, this new algorithm is a good candidate for addressing the 3D problem of recombining tetrahedra into hexahedra.
The intrathoracic lymph node ratio seems to be a better prognostic factor than the level of lymph node involvement in lung metastasectomy of colorectal carcinoma
Data on thoracic lymph node involvement (LNI) in lung metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are conflicting, with a 5-year overall survival (OS) ranging from 6 to 40%. We aimed to evaluate whether there are subgroups of patients according to the lymph node ratio (LNR). We retrospectively reviewed the data from 106 patients who underwent a thoracic procedure for CRC lung metastasis with patholog...


Serialization: Benefits Beyond Regulatory Compliance
As pharmaceutical and biotech markets continue to globalize, there are increasing concerns for ensuring the safety and legitimacy of pharmaceutical products. An efficient network in which the supply chain is secure and patients are safe is of great importance to the reputation of the industry in today’s global marketplace. Consequently, systems and processes for identifying products throu...
Nursery areas and recruitment variation of Northeast Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus)
There are currently no dedicated recruitment survey data available in support of the assessment of the abundance and distribution of Northeast Atlantic (NEA) mackerel (Scomber scombrus), one of the most widespread and commercially important fish stocks in the North Atlantic. This is despite the fact that an estimate of recruitment is an important requirement for the provision of advice to fishe...


Wind-Thermal Integrated Power System Scheduling Problem Using Cuckoo Search Algorithm
A new nature inspired metaheuristic algorithm known as the cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) is presented in this paper, to solve the unit commitment problem (UCP) for hybrid power system. The utilization of wind energy sources is increasing throughout the world. It is therefore important to develop the protocol for the integration of wind generation system with conventional thermal unit generation...
Robust Optimization Model for Runway Configurations Management
The Runway Configuration Management problem governs what combinations of airport runways are in use at a given time for an airport or a collection of airports. Runway configurations (groupings of runways), operate under Runway Configuration Capacity Envelopes (RCCEs) which limit arrival and departure capacities. The RCCE identifies unique capacity constraints based on which runways are used for...

The Tactics of Time and Status: Young People's Experiences of Building Futures While Subject to Immigration Control in Britain
Young people subject to immigration control frequently draw a link between their own subjective wellbeing and whether or not they have a projected sense of self within a clear future trajectory. Building on previous work by the authors, this article explores young people’s lived experiences of constructing futures while subject to immigration control as they transition to ‘adulthood...
Diagnostic Test Generation for Transition Delay Faults Using Stuck-At Fault Detection Tools
By adding a few logic gates and one or two modeling flip-flops to the circuit under test (CUT), we create a detection or diagnostic automatic test pattern generation (ATPG) model of transition delay faults usable by a conventional single stuck-at fault test pattern generator. Given a transition delay fault pair, the diagnostic ATPG model can either find an exclusive test or prove the equivalenc...

Experimental Evaluation of Hysteretic Behavior of Rhombic Steel Plate Dampers
Rhombic mild-steel plate damper (also named rhombic added damping and Stiffness (RADAS)) is a newly proposed and developed bending energy dissipation damper in recent years, and its mechanical properties, seismic behavior, and engineering application still need further investigations. In order to determine the basic mechanical performance of RADAS, fundamental material properties tests of three...
Bioactive Capacity, Sensory Properties, and Nutritional Analysis of a Shelf Stable Protein-rich Functional Ingredient with Concentrated Fruit and Vegetable Phytoactives
Well-known health-protective phytochemicals from muscadine grape and kale were stably complexed with food grade protein (soy or hemp protein isolates) to create biofortified food ingredients for use in a variety of convenient, portable food formulations. The bioactive (anti-inflammatory) potential, sensory attributes and proximates of the prepared formulations were evaluated in this study. Anti...

Biochemical and Immunochemical Evidences Supporting the Inclusion of Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) as a Gluten-free Ingredient
To date, the only acceptable therapeutic approach for celiac disease (CD) is a strict elimination from the diet of gluten-containing foods, but this diet does not always guarantee an adequate nutritional intake. Pseudocereals are receiving considerable attention as interesting alternatives for the formulation of gluten-free products, and quinoa grains arise as nutritive substitutes of conventio...
Extensive middle Miocene weathering interpreted from a well-preserved paleosol, Cricket Flat, Oregon, USA
The high-resolution marine isotope climate record indicates pronounced global cooling during the Langhian (16–13.8Ma), beginning with the warm middle Miocene climatic optimum and ending with significant Antarctic ice sheet expansion and the transition to “icehouse” conditions. However, the timing and rate of cooling during the Langhian are uncertain. Terrestrial paleoclimate data from thi...
How to make 137Cs erosion estimation more useful: An uncertainty perspective
Although the 137Cs technique has been widely used to provide quantitative soil redistribution estimates since 1980s, no systematic sensitivity and uncertainty analyses have been carried out to evaluate the conversion models. The objectives of this study are to (1) perform sophisticated sensitivity and uncertainty analyses for the three widely-used models to characterize the potential sources of...
Sorption and desorption of fluorene on five tropical soils from different climes
The main processes controlling soil–polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon interaction is sorption–desorption as influenced by the soil physicochemical conditions. Sorption–desorption phenomena can influence translocation, persistence and bioavailability. Hence, laboratory batch experiments were undertaken to investigate the sorption characteristics of fluorene on five tropical soils from varyin...