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Selenium and Coenzyme Q10 interrelationship in cardiovascular diseases- a cliniciańs point of view
A short review is given of the potential role of selenium deficiency and selenium intervention trials in atherosclerotic heart disease. Selenium is an essential constituent of several proteins, including the glutathione peroxidases and selenoprotein P. The selenium intake in Europe is generally in the lower margin of recommendations from authorities. Segments of populations in Europe may thus h...


Effect of Phytic Acid, Tannic Acid and Pectin on Fasting Iron Bioavailability both in the Presence and Absence of Calcium
To determine the effect of phytic acid, tannic acid and pectin on fasting non-heme iron bioavailability in both the presence and absence of calcium. Twenty-eight apparently healthy adult females participated in two iron absorption studies using radioactive iron isotopes (59Fe and 55Fe). One group received 5mg of iron (as FeSO4) alone (control), together with 10mg of phytic acid, 100mg of tannic...
Selenite-stress selected mutant strains of probiotic bacteria for Se source production
Selenium deficiency is a major health problem worldwide for about 1 billion people. Bacterial cells usually possess low tolerance to selenite stress and also low ability to reduce high concentrations of toxic selenite. Here, high tolerance to selenite and selenium bioaccumulation capability were developed in mutated clones of probiotic and starter bacteria including Enterococcus faecium, Bifido...


Delay of airway epithelial wound repair in COPD is associated with airflow obstruction severity
Airway epithelium integrity is essential to maintain its role of mechanical and functional barrier. Recurrent epithelial injuries require a complex mechanism of repair to restore its integrity. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an abnormal airway epithelial repair may participate in airway remodeling. The objective was to determine if airway epithelial wound repair of airway epit...
Allergic diseases and asthma in the family predict the persistence and onset-age of asthma: a prospective cohort study
Family history of asthma and other allergic diseases have been linked to the risk of childhood asthma previously, but little is known about their effect on the age-of-onset and persistency of asthma until young adulthood. We assessed the effect of the family history of asthma and allergic diseases on persistent vs. transient, and early- vs. late-onset persistent asthma in The Espoo Cohort Study...


CVD of carbon nanotubes in porous nickel for anodes in lithium ion battery
Graphite materials are widely used in the commercialized lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as anode materials. However, the capacity of graphite anode is relatively low and cannot afford enough energy density required in many emerging applications. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) possess both high specific surface area and excellent electrical conductivity, which render them desired materials for the electr...
La personne âgée, un apprenant particulier en éducation thérapeutique ?
L’éducation thérapeutique du patient (ETP) s’appuie sur différents courants de la pédagogie active pour aider les malades chroniques à gérer leur vie quotidienne avec leur maladie. Elle implique le patient pour favoriser un apprentissage significatif, c’est-à-dire ayant du sens et perçu comme utile. En prenant en compte sa motivation à apprendre, ses représentations, ses savoirs...

La place de l’éducation thérapeutique chez le parkinsonien âgé
La maladie de Parkinson chez le sujet âgé s’avère extrêmement invalidante, car elle est responsable de signes axiaux tels que troubles de la marche, troubles de la déglutition, survenue de troubles cognitifs. Malgré le traitement dopaminergique, la qualité de vie reste altérée. L’éducation thérapeutique peut s’avérer utile en permettant au patient de favoriser la compréhensio...
Éducation thérapeutique dans la maladie d’Alzheimer
Les programmes d’éducation thérapeutique (ETP) dans la maladie d’Alzheimer (MA) se développent en France. Nous proposons ici un programme d’ETP s’adressant au patient et à son aidant, visant à améliorer la qualité de vie du malade à domicile. Ce programme a montré des résultats encourageants dans une étude pilote en 2010 et se trouve actuellement testé dans un essai plus lar...

Les spécificités de l’éducation thérapeutique en gériatrie
La prévalence des maladies chroniques augmente fortement avec l’âge, et leur traitement est complexe chez les personnes très âgées du fait de comorbidités multiples, de perte d’autonomie, de fragilité, de troubles cognitifs et/ou de troubles sensoriels. L’éducation thérapeutique devient un élément important de la gestion des maladies chroniques. Les programmes d’éducation au...
Porphyromonas pogonae sp. nov., an anaerobic but low concentration oxygen adapted coccobacillus isolated from lizards (Pogona vitticeps) or human clinical specimens, and emended description of the genus Porphyromonas Shah and Collins 1988
During the process of identifying a Gram-negative coccobacillus isolated from a human clinical specimen, we found that the isolate's 16S rRNA gene had very close sequence identity with that of a variant Porphyromonas isolated from polymicrobial infections in the central bearded dragon, a species of lizard (J Vet Diagn Invest. 23; 99, 2011). The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the human isolate and o...

The Scottish Independence Referendum 2014
On 18 September, in a historic referendum, the people of Scotland voted by 55.3 per cent to 44.7 per cent to remain in the United Kingdom. This article provides an immediate response. It is inevitably provisional and broadbrush in character and cannot cover all of the varied and conflicting perspectives on the referendum and its consequences; it is just one man's view. Given the varied internat...
The Lost Art of Regulated Tolerance? Fifteen Years of Regulating Vices in Amsterdam
Fifteen years ago, Brants explored the idiosyncrasies of Dutch policy with regard to prostitution, focusing on the situation in the Dutch capital. Amsterdam was on the brink of the enactment of new policies and legislation regarding the legalization of prostitution and the crackdown on organized crime. This article presents a short description and analysis of the latest developments in the pros...
Is There an Informative Effect of Law? An Experimental Test
Debates on how the law affects citizens' behaviour have traditionally focused on two mechanisms: deterrence and perceptions of legitimacy. In recent years, some scholars have suggested that the law may also affect compliance through expressive mechanisms that reveal information about the world (for example, by eliciting the risks associated with a particular behaviour). Dharmapala and McAdams h...
Criminal Jury Trials in 2030: A Law Odyssey
‘Strategic foresight’ is a technique used by institutions to prepare for a technology-charged future. It involves considering how the institution might look in the future. In doing so, it enables the institution to prepare for and achieve the preferred future. This article explores what the process of strategic foresight has to offer common law criminal justice systems, with a particular em...