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A hot deck imputation procedure for multiply imputing nonignorable missing data: The proxy pattern-mixture hot deck
Hot deck imputation is a common method for handling item nonresponse in surveys, but most implementations assume data are missing at random (MAR). A new hot deck method for imputation of a continuous partially missing outcome variable that harnesses the power of available covariates but does not assume data are MAR is proposed. A parametric model is used to create predicted means for both donor...


A new adaptive procedure for multiple window scan statistics
Scan statistics have been widely applied to test for unusual cluster of events in many scientific areas. It has been of practical interest on how to select the window size of a scan statistic. An adaptive procedure for multiple window scan statistics is proposed and the distributions are studied for independent identically distributed Bernoulli trials and uniform observations on (0, 1) in one-d...
Is There a “Workable” Race-Neutral Alternative to Affirmative Action in College Admissions?
The 2013 decision by the U. S. Supreme Court in the Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin case clarified when and how it is legally permissible for universities to use an applicant's race or ethnicity in its admissions decisions. The court concluded that such use is permissible when “no workable race-neutral alternatives would produce the educational benefits of diversity.” This paper sho...


Increased risk of severe diabetic ketoacidosis among Jewish ultra-orthodox children
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at diabetes diagnosis is a dangerous yet potentially preventable condition. Young age, low socioeconomic status, and low parental education have been found to be associated with increased risk of DKA. We aimed to evaluate the impact of religious affiliation on presentation with DKA at type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis in Jewish children. The study comprised a...
Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia. A modification to original technique and South American perspective
Bernese periacetabular osteotomy has become a secure and reproducible technique for treatment of hip dysplasia. It allows an adequate reorientation of the acetabulum and coverage of the femoral head improving biomechanical conditions of the hip joint. We present a review of literature and a modification of original technique that includes a smaller incision and preservation of the abductor musc...


Brain metabolism and Alzheimer’s disease: The prospect of a metabolite-based therapy
The brain is one of the most energy-demanding organs in the body. It has evolved intricate metabolic networks to fulfill this need and utilizes a variety of substrates to generate ATP, the universal energy currency. Any disruption in the supply of energy results in various abnormalities including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a condition with markedly diminished cognitive ability. Astrocytes are ...
Higher Integrability of Solutions to Generalized Stokes System Under Perfect Slip Boundary Conditions
We prove an Lq theory result for generalized Stokes system in a ({mathcal{C}^{2,1}}) domain complemented with the perfect slip boundary conditions and under Φ-growth conditions. Since the interior regularity was obtained in Diening and Kaplický (Manu Math 141:336–361, 2013), a regularity up to the boundary is an aim of this paper. In order to get the main result, we use Calderón–Zygmund ...

Réparation des tendons fléchisseurs en zones 3, 4 et 5
La réparation des tendons fléchisseurs en zone 1 ou 2 est un geste technique exigeant. Dans les autres zones, la difficulté technique est moindre et le pronostic fonctionnel dépend aussi de la nature des lésions vasculaires et/ou nerveuses associées. Les modalités de réparation tendineuses en zones 3, 4 et 5 sont décrites, ainsi que la stratégie de traitement des lésions associées. ...
Healthy obese versus unhealthy lean: the obesity paradox
The prevalence of obesity has increased to epidemic proportions. In the past few years, whether patients with obesity can be metabolically healthy has been debated. This Review discusses the controversy regarding metabolically healthy obesity, as well as the debate regarding the relative importance of fatness versus fitness for overall, and particularly cardiovascular, health.

Epidemiology: Obesity and cancer—the evidence is fattening up
A large-scale study with 5.24 million participants has found statistically significant associations between increased BMI and 17 of 22 frequent cancers. The strongest associations were observed for cancers of the endometrium, kidney, gallbladder and uterus. Questions remain as to whether several of the weaker associations reported in this study reflect genuinely causal relationships.
Sensitivity, specificity and efficiency of speech-evoked ABR
We determined the sensitivity, specificity and efficiency of speech-evoked Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) as a diagnostic support for Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) and specific language impairment (SLI). Speech-evoked ABRs were elicited using the five-formant syllable/da/. The waveforms V, A, C, D, E, F, and O of all groups were analyzed. The sensitivity and specificity were calculated,...

Structural alterations of brain grey and white matter in early deaf adults
Functional and structural brain alterations in the absence of the auditory input have been described, but the observed structural brain changes in the deaf are not uniform. Some of the previous researchers focused only on the auditory areas, while others investigated the whole brain or other selected regions of interest. Majority of studies revealed decreased white matter (WM) volume or altered...
Importance of cochlear health for implant function
Amazing progress has been made in providing useful hearing to hearing-impaired individuals using cochlear implants, but challenges remain. One such challenge is understanding the effects of partial degeneration of the auditory nerve, the target of cochlear implant stimulation. Here we review studies from our human and animal laboratories aimed at characterizing the health of the implanted cochl...
Simultaneous comparison of two sound localization measures
Almost all behavioral studies of sound localization have used either an approach-to-target or pointing/orienting task to assess absolute sound localization performance, yet there are very few direct comparisons of these measures. In an approach-to-target task, the subject is trained to walk to a sound source from a fixed location. In an orienting task, finger, head and/or eye movements are moni...
The correlation between the amplitude of Osborn wave and core body temperature
Several reports illustrate an inverse correlation between the Osborn wave (J wave) amplitude and core body temperature. We attempted to study the strength of this correlation. We reviewed all articles reporting hypothermic J waves from 1950–2014 for patient demographics, core body temperature in Celsius (°C), amplitude of the J wave in millimeters (mm), lead with the highest amplitude...