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Strong Photocurrent Amplification in Perovskite Solar Cells with a Porous TiO2 Blocking Layer under Reverse Bias
We investigate two different types of TiO2 blocking layer (BL) deposition techniques commonly used in solid-state methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite (MaPbI3)-based solar cells. Although these BLs lead to similar photovoltaic device performance, their structure and blocking capability is actually very different. In one case, the “blocking” layer is porous, allowing an intimate contact ...


Heterogeneous extension and the role of transfer faults in the development of the southeastern Betic basins (SE Spain)
Large strike-slip faults in the eastern Betics are interpreted to have developed in a transcurrent setting in response to 4-6 mm/yr of Africa-Iberia NW-SE convergence. However, here we show that some of these faults are transfer faults accommodating heterogeneous late Miocene extension. The north–Cabrera dextral fault and other E–W to NE–SW strike-slip faults in the Sorbas basin were tr...
Age and Significance of Felsic Dikes from the UHP Western Gneiss Region
Twenty-one plagioclase-bearing dikes were analyzed to place firmer limits on the end of (ultra)high-pressure (UHP) metamorphism across the Western Gneiss Region (WGR). Nineteen dikes were analyzed with laser-ablation split-stream (LASS) petrochronology to tie the U-Pb dates to zircon rare-earth element (REE) chemistry, and a few key samples were analyzed by chemical abrasion thermal ionization ...


An Area-Optimized Chip of Ant Colony Algorithm Design in Hardware Platform Using the Address-Based Method
The ant colony algorithm is a nature-inspired algorithm highly used for solving many complex problems and finding optimal solutions; however, the algorithm has a major flaw and that is the vast amount of calculations and if the proper correction algorithm and architectural design are not provided, it will lead to the increasing use of hardware platform due to the high volume of operations; and ...
Identifying Appliances using NIALM with Minimum Features
Government of India has decided to install smart meters in fourteen states. Smart meters are required to identify home appliances to fulfill various tasks in the smart grid environment. Both intrusive and non-intrusive methods have been suggested for identification.  However, intrusive method is not suitable for cost and privacy reasons. On the other hand, techniques using non-intrusive applia...


TerraSAR-X StripMap Data Interpretation of Complex Urban Scenarios with 3D SAR Tomography
The severe layover problem of complex urban scenarios in SAR data makes SAR data interpretation very difficult, especially for nonexperts. In this paper, we use 3D SAR tomography for SAR data interpretation of dense urban areas. An efficient and robust approach named Butterworth-filter based singular value decomposition (BSVD) is used for tomographic analysis. Two typical dense urban areas of i...
Rapid Autoxidation Forms Highly Oxidized RO2 Radicals in the Atmosphere
Gas-phase oxidation routes of biogenic emissions, mainly isoprene and monoterpenes, in the atmosphere are still the subject of intensive research with special attention being paid to the formation of aerosol constituents. This laboratory study shows that the most abundant monoterpenes (limonene and α-pinene) form highly oxidized RO2 radicals with up to 12 O atoms, along with related closed-she...

Mass Spectrometry Quantifies Protein Interactions—From Molecular Chaperones to Membrane Porins
Proteins possess an intimate relationship between their structure and function, with folded protein structures generating recognition motifs for the binding of ligands and other proteins. Mass spectrometry (MS) can provide information on a number of levels of protein structure, from the primary amino acid sequence to its three-dimensional fold and quaternary interactions. Given that MS is a gas...
Axially Chiral BODIPY DYEmers: An Apparent Exception to the Exciton Chirality Rule
The exciton chirality method (ECM) is commonly recognized as one of the best approaches to assign the absolute configuration of biaryls. This paper reports the first exception to this method for a simple biaryl system. ECD and VCD measurements in combination with DFT (B3LYP/6-311G*), TDDFT (CAM-B3LYP/6-311G*), and Coupled-Cluster (RI-SCS-CC2) calculations were used to determine the absolute con...

Photoclick” Postsynthetic Modification of DNA
A new DNA building block bearing a push–pull-substituted diaryltetrazole linked to the 5-position of 2′-deoxyuridine through an aminopropynyl group was synthesized. The accordingly modified oligonucleotide allows postsynthetic labeling with a maleimide-modified sulfo-Cy3 dye, N-methylmaleimide, and methylmethacrylate as dipolarophiles by irradiation at 365 nm (LED). The determined rate cons...
Thoracoscopic caudal left lower lobectomy in a patient with fused fissure
A 72-year-old man diagnosed as having primary lung cancer underwent surgical resection using a totally thoracoscopic approach. The thoracoscopic view revealed an incomplete fissure and severe emphysematous change. Therefore, to avoid postoperative air leakage, we decided not to expose the pulmonary artery at the fissure. The inferior pulmonary vein, lower bronchus, and pulmonary artery branches...

Single-incision multiport laparoendoscopic technique to repair retrocaval ureter using the Santosh PGI ureteric tacking fixation technique
A retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital anomaly associated with upper urinary tract obstruction. It can cause varying degrees of ureteral obstruction, and surgical intervention is often necessary. Here, we present a case of a retrocaval ureter repaired with the single-incision multiport laparoendoscopic technique. We used a new fixation technique, Santosh PGI (Postgraduate Institute) ureteric ...
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y duodenojejunostomy for superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a 6-year-old girl: A case report of a new minimally surgical technique for children
We present the first case report of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y duodenojejunostomy utilizing minimally invasive surgery to treat superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a child. A 6-year-old girl presented with a 3-year history of intermittent postprandial epigastric pain and anorexia. An upper gastrointestinal series revealed dilatation of the first and second parts of the duodenum and an abrupt ver...
Richter's hernia after an intraperitoneal mesh repair
For ventral hernia repair, laparoscopic surgery offers various advantages, including the application of a large mesh using the intraperitoneal approach. However, improper closure of the port site may lead to serious complications. Port-site hernia is a rare outcome of inadequate repair of the fascial or peritoneal layer, and Richter's hernia in a high risk patient, in the presence of an intrape...
Laparoscopic mesh repair of a Morgagni hernia using the double-crown technique: A case study
We report a case of Morgagni hernia in which the patient underwent laparoscopic mesh repair. A 65-year-old woman presented with an abnormal shadow in the right lower lung field on a routine medical checkup. CT showed that the transverse colon passed between the liver and abdominal wall, and herniated into the thoracic cavity. Simple closure was precluded by the large hernial orifice. We therefo...