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Structures in the Outer Solar Atmosphere
The structure and dynamics of the outer solar atmosphere are reviewed with emphasis on the role played by the magnetic field. Contemporary observations that focus on high resolution imaging over a range of temperatures, as well as UV, EUV and hard X-ray spectroscopy, demonstrate the presence of a vast range of temporal and spatial scales, mass motions, and particle energies present. By focusing...


Heterogeneity in health seeking behaviour for treatment, prevention and urgent care in four districts in western Kenya
The impact of effective, life-saving health interventions is limited by access to and use of health services. Health seeking behaviour is likely to vary geographically and by type of health concern. However, little is known about the extent of this heterogeneity. A representative cluster-randomized sample of households in four districts in western Kenya was interviewed using a structured, inter...
A telephone reminder intervention to improve breast screening information and access
In the UK, women aged 50–70 are offered breast cancer screening every three years. Screening participation rates in London have been particularly low. Low rates have been associated with low socio-economic status, and some ethnic groups have been observed to be underserved by cancer screening. This paper reports on a telephone reminder intervention in London Newham, an area of high deprivatio...


Is violence a disease? Situating violence prevention in public health policy and practice
The paper provides a review of some of the thoughts, ideas, and opinions that pervade the public health literature concerning how to classify or conceptualise violence. It is argued that violence transcends classic distinctions between communicable and non-communicable diseases, distinguishes itself from the discipline of injury control, and is influenced by wider, social determinants. Through ...
Female students receiving post-secondary education in Greece: the results of a collaborative human papillomavirus knowledge survey
Contrary to the optimistic forecasts, existing until 2008 and despite the incorporation of the vaccine into the Greek National Immunization Program, six years later, the percentage of HPV vaccination coverage in Greece remains disappointingly low. The aim of this extended study was to investigate the knowledge, behaviour and attitude of a representative sample of the initial target group; young...


Just telling and selling: current limitations in the use of digital media in public health A scoping review
To undertake a scoping review and to map research in the area of digital media use in public health. Scoping review. PubMed, PsycINFO, Google and major textbooks of public health communication and health psychology were searched for primary studies or systematic reviews examining the use of digital media in a health context. Searches focussed on studies published between the start of 2000 and t...
Risk assessment of vector-borne diseases for public health governance
In the context of public health, risk governance (or risk analysis) is a framework for the assessment and subsequent management and/or control of the danger posed by an identified disease threat. Generic frameworks in which to carry out risk assessment have been developed by various agencies. These include monitoring, data collection, statistical analysis and dissemination. Due to the inherent ...

Is obesity associated with global warming?
Obesity is a national epidemic that imposes direct medical and indirect economic costs on society. Recent scholarly inquiries contend that obesity also contributes to global warming. The paper investigates the relationship between greenhouse gas emissions and obesity. Cross-sectional state-level data for the year 2010. Multiple regression analysis using least squares with bootstrapped standard ...
A classical measure of phylogenetic dissimilarity and its relationship with beta diversity
Rao developed the DISC dissimilarity coefficient to summarize the dissimilarity between pairs of plots based on species abundances and interspecies dissimilarities. In this paper, we review the potential of the DISC coefficient for assessing plot-to-plot phylogenetic dissimilarity. First, the relationship between plot-to-plot dissimilarity and additive beta diversity is discussed. Next, we show...

Host diversity and trophic status as determinants of species richness and community composition of fungus gnats
Making generalisations on trophic interactions is often limited because studies mostly focus on only a few target systems. Despite the important role of fungivores in forest ecosystems, the determinants of their communities are poorly known. This study examined, for the first time, on the basis of quantitative data, the diversity of fungivorous insects in relation to that of their hosts. Variat...
The relative importance of immediate allelopathy and allelopathic legacy in invasive plant species
Some introduced invasive species may be competitively superior to natives because they release allelochemicals, which negatively affect native species. Allelochemicals can be immediately effective after being released but can also persist in soils, resulting in a legacy effect. However, to our knowledge there are no studies which distinguish between allelopathic legacy and immediate allelopathy...

Small-island effect in snake communities on islands of an inundated lake: The need to include zeroes
The small-island effect (SIE), i.e. the pattern that species richness on islands below a certain threshold area varies independently of area, has become a widely accepted part of the theoretical framework of island biogeography and biodiversity research. However, because very few previously published datasets include islands without species, the role of S =0 in generating the SIE is rarely exam...
Temporal coincidence of amphibian migration and pesticide applications on arable fields in spring
Pesticide management may differ between crop species and farm type, particularly with regard to type, number, amount and date of pesticide applications. Such variations in pesticide application strategies entail different temporal coincidence with amphibian species and with species’ population proportions. For the first time, we assessed the presence of Bombina bombina, Rana arvalis, Pelobate...
Identification of windows of emergence and seedling establishment in a pine Mediterranean forest under controlled disturbances
The regeneration phase is a critical step in plant population dynamics, but is still incompletely understood owing to the intricacy and complexity of the factors concerned. We investigated the role played by pine emergence, survival and growth in the recruitment process of a Mediterranean pine forest under disturbances of various intensities. Disturbances were produced by site treatments includ...
Prairie restorations and bees: The potential ability of seed mixes to foster native bee communities
Restoring native habitat is considered critical to conserving native pollinators threatened by habitat loss and degradation, but little is known about whether ecological restorations, most of which do not target pollinators, can predictably support pollinator communities. In this study we compare plant species richness in common commercial prairie seed mixes to remnant prairies, and we take a m...