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Geochemical mapping of Pb- and Zn-contaminated streambed sediments in southwest Missouri, USA
Four locations in southwest Missouri, USA, purportedly contaminated with mining wastes, Joplin, Aurora, Springfield, and the James River, were investigated for lead and zinc content using spatial distribution and statistical analyses. Lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) concentrations in streambed sediment samples were compared spatially against a regional background concentration map to determine both the...


Looking below the surface: The cultural ecosystem service values of UK marine protected areas (MPAs)
Recreational users appreciate the UK marine environment for its cultural ecosystem services (CES) and their use and non-use values. UK Governments are currently establishing a network of marine protected areas (MPAs) informed by ecological data and socio-economic evidence. Evidence on CES values is needed, but only limited data have been available. We present a case study from the UK National E...
Near horizon geometry of strings ending on intersecting D8/D4-branes
We consider solutions of massive IIA supergravity corresponding to the half-BPS intersection of D8/D4-branes with fundamental strings. The 1 + 1-dimensional intersection preserves the symmetry D(2, 1; γ; 1) × SO. We give a reduction and partial integration of the BPS equations for this symmetry group. We then specialize to the cases of enhanced supersymmetry corresponding to γ = −1/2,−2 ...


2PI resummation in 3D SU( N ) Higgs theory
We test the utility of the 2PI formalism for solving nonperturbative dynamics of gauge theories by applying it to study the phase diagram of SU(N ) Higgs theory in 3 Euclidean spacetime dimensions. Solutions reveal standard signatures of a first order phase transition with a critical endpoint leading to a crossover regime, in qualitative agreement with lattice studies. The location of the criti...
From Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in AdS 3 towards hydrodynamics in 1 + 1 dimensions
We study Abelian Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in three-dimensional AdS black hole backgrounds for both integer and non-integer Chern-Simons coupling. Such theories can be derived from various string theory constructions, which we review in the present work. In particular we find exact solutions in the low frequency, low momentum limit, ω, k≪ T (hydrodynamic limit). Using the holographic princ...


Hanany-Witten effect and SL(2, ℤ) dualities in matrix models
We provide tests of dualities for three-dimensional ( mathcal{N}=4 ) quiver SCFTs with brane realizations in IIB string theory, by matching their exact partition functions on S3. The dualities are generated by SL(2, ℤ) transformations and Hanany-Witten 5-brane moves. These contain mirror symmetry as well as dualities identifiying fixed points of Yang-Mills quivers and Chern-Simons theories....
Global and local properties of AdS 2 higher spin gravity
Two-dimensional BF theory with infinitely many higher spin fields is proposed. It is interpreted as the AdS2 higher spin gravity model describing a consistent interaction between local fields in AdS2 space including gravitational field, higher spin partially-massless fields, and dilaton fields. We carry out analysis of the frame-like and the metric-like formulation of the theory. Infinite-dimen...

Effect of farming system and yield in the life cycle assessment of Jatropha-based bioenergy in Mali
Jatropha has been promoted in sub-Saharan Africa as a smallholder energy crop promising additional revenue and energetic self-sufficiency. In this case-study located in Southern Mali we performed a comparative life cycle assessment shedding light on the influence of smallholder participation and yield fluctuations on the global warming potential, fossil resource depletion and energy demand of J...
Research on the indoor environmental properties of Calamus manna rattan cane
In this paper, properties, such as colour and gloss, temperature and humidity conditioning and sound absorption of rattan cane were investigated to evaluate suitability of the material for use in interior decoration and furniture applications. The results showed that the chromatic index in both L*a*band Munsell colour space range was narrow, producing a colour space that was smaller than for ti...

Use of proper orthogonal decomposition and linear stochastic estimation technique to investigate real-time detailed airflows for building ventilation
As energy efficiency concerns grow for building heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems, more advanced mathematical models and methods may be needed for implementing more comprehensive building environmental monitoring practices. This work investigates the methodology of applying a coupled proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and linear stochastic estimation (LSE) technique to provi...
Developing a Nurse-Delivered Frenulotomy Service
Tongue tie (ankyloglossia) describes a short lingual frenulum that can lead to breastfeeding difficulties. It affects between 4% and 10% of infants and can be treated by frenulotomy. We developed a nurse-delivered frenulotomy service at a tertiary pediatric hospital and audited our results. Observational study. Tertiary pediatric hospital. An outpatient tongue tie clinic was set up by an ear, n...

Soothing and Balmy, Cure without Disfigurement: Benjamin Bye, False Promises, and Head and Neck Cancer
One century ago, patients dreaded a diagnosis of head and neck cancer, fearing not only the progression of the disease but also the prospect of surgery. A cadre of charlatans preyed upon these fears to make a profit. We unearth the tale of Benjamin Bye, an Indianapolis doctor peddling the Combination Oil Cure. His collection of creams applied to the face offered unsuspecting patients a painless...
Farmer demand for soil fertility management practices in Kenya’s grain basket
Soil amendments, application of inorganic fertilizers and erosion control are three practices recommended for use by smallholder farmers in Africa south of the Sahara, but adoption rates remain low. We grouped farmers according to their adoption of these three practices and applied a seemingly unrelated, multivariate probit model to address several correlated outcomes jointly and interdependenc...
Mental illness and intensification of diabetes medications: an observational cohort study
Mental health condition (MHC) comorbidity is associated with lower intensity care in multiple clinical scenarios. However, little is known about the effect of MHC upon clinicians' decisions about intensifying antiglycemic medications in diabetic patients with poor glycemic control. We examined whether delay in intensification of antiglycemic medications in response to an elevated Hemoglobin A1c...
Interactions between lean management and the psychosocial work environment in a hospital setting - a multi-method study
As health care struggles to meet increasing demands with limited resources, Lean has become a popular management approach. It has mainly been studied in relation to health care performance. The empirical evidence as to how Lean affects the psychosocial work environment has been contradictory. This study aims to study the interaction between Lean and the psychosocial work environment using a com...