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Whole blood gene expression and interleukin-6 levels
Circulating interleukin-6 levels increase with advancing age and are a risk factor for various diseases and mortality. The characterization of gene expression profiles associated with interleukin-6 levels might suggest important molecular events underlying its regulation. We studied the association of transcriptional profiles with interleukin-6 levels in 2422 participants from the Framingham He...


Characterization of TATA-containing genes and TATA-less genes in S. cerevisiae by network topologies and biological properties
The TATA box is the core sequence of the promoter and the binding site of many transcription factors. Based on the presence or absence of TATA box, genes can be defined as TATA-containing or TATA-less genes. Many important stress-response functions and highly variable expression patterns are found to be correlated with the TATA box. However, until now, the relationships and differences between ...
LocFuse: Human protein–protein interaction prediction via classifier fusion using protein localization information
Protein–protein interaction (PPI) detection is one of the central goals of functional genomics and systems biology. Knowledge about the nature of PPIs can help fill the widening gap between sequence information and functional annotations. Although experimental methods have produced valuable PPI data, they also suffer from significant limitations. Computational PPI prediction methods have attr...


Metaphor: Finding Bi-directional Best Hit homology relationships in (meta)genomic datasets
As the number of assembled genome and metagenome sequences continue to grow at an ever-increasing pace, so does the need for fast, flexible and automated pipelines for generating meaningful homologous relationships within and between these (meta)genomes. Such relationships, or lack thereof, are crucial for differentiating between microbial organisms and environments at compositional, functional...
Development and characterization of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers based on a full-length cDNA library of Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is an herbaceous perennial plant used as one of the staple Chinese herbal medicines in China with a long officinal history. However, research on S. baicalensis is currently limited due to the lack of genome and gene expression information. A full-length cDNA library from leaves and roots of S. baicalensis subjected to water deficit and heat, conditions that have b...


Genome-wide transcriptome analysis of human epidermal melanocytes
Because human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs) provide critical protection against skin cancer, sunburn, and photoaging, a genome-wide perspective of gene expression in these cells is vital to understanding human skin physiology. In this study we performed high throughput sequencing of HEMs to obtain a complete data set of transcript sizes, abundances, and splicing. As expected, we found that melan...
Identification of novel hypomorphic and null mutations in Klf1 derived from a genetic screen for modifiers of α-globin transgene variegation
Position-effect variegation of transgene expression is sensitive to the chromatin state. We previously reported a forward genetic screen in mice carrying a variegated α-globin GFP transgene to find novel genes encoding epigenetic regulators. We named the phenovariant strains “Mommes” for modifiers of murine metastable epialleles. Here we report positional cloning of mutations in two Momme ...

Gene expression alterations in chronic hypoxic MCF7 breast cancer cell line
Hypoxia plays a significant role in tumor progression and aggressiveness and implicated in resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. This study aims to characterize the changes in gene expression associated with chronic hypoxia in MCF7 breast cancer cell line and identify a possible biomarker for hypoxia in breast cancer. Breast cancer cells (MCF7) were exposed to 8-hour hypoxic episodes (&a...
The Valley-of-Death: Reciprocal sign epistasis constrains adaptive trajectories in a constant, nutrient limiting environment
The fitness landscape is a powerful metaphor for describing the relationship between genotype and phenotype for a population under selection. However, empirical data as to the topography of fitness landscapes are limited, owing to difficulties in measuring fitness for large numbers of genotypes under any condition. We previously reported a case of reciprocal sign epistasis (RSE), where two muta...

Adaptive evolution of a novel avian-origin influenza A/H7N9 virus
In China, the recent outbreak of novel influenza A/H7N9 virus has been assumed to be severe, and it may possibly turn brutal in the near future. In order to develop highly protective vaccines and drugs for the A/H7N9 virus, it is critical to find out the selection pressure of each amino acid site. In the present study, six different statistical methods consisting of four independent codon-based...
A 454 sequencing approach to dipteran mitochondrial genome research
The availability of complete mitochondrial genome (mtgenome) data for Diptera, one of the largest metazoan orders, in public databases is limited. The advent of high throughput sequencing technology provides the potential to generate mtgenomes for many species affordably and quickly. However, these technologies need to be validated for dipterans as the members of this clade play important econo...

The effects of telomere shortening on cancer cells: A network model of proteomic and microRNA analysis
Previously, we have shown that shortening of telomeres by telomerase inhibition sensitized cancer cells to cisplatinum, slowed their migration, increased DNA damage and impaired DNA repair. The mechanism behind these effects is not fully characterized. Its clarification could facilitate novel therapeutics development and may obviate the time consuming process of telomere shortening achieved by ...
Statistical power for identifying nucleotide markers associated with quantitative traits in genome-wide association analysis using a mixed model
Use of mixed models is in the spotlight as an emerging method for genome-wide association studies (GWASs). This study investigated the statistical power for identifying nucleotide variants associated with quantitative traits using the mixed model methodology. Quantitative traits were simulated through design of heritability, the number of causal variants (NCV), the number of polygenic variants,...
Transcriptomics expression analysis to unveil the molecular mechanisms underlying the cocoa polyphenol treatment in diet-induced obesity rats
Cocoa polyphenol (CP), due to their biological actions, may be supplementary treatments for adipose tissue-fat gain. However, the molecular mechanism of CPs is still ambiguous. This study investigated the hypothesis that CP treatment modulates expressing of lipid metabolism genes in mesenteric white adipose tissue (MES-WAT). Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats were fed a low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) di...
Adaptive evolution at immune system genes and deep pregnancy implantation in primates
A major evolutionary change in the lineage ancestral to humans, chimpanzee and gorilla (HCG) has been the embedding of the embryo into maternal tissue. Thus, the first layer of cells (trophoblast) to differentiate after fertilization must adapt to invade the uterus. Such event would likely leave signatures of positive selection at genes with roles in embryo implantation. Here, 163 pregnancy imp...