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The interior inverse scattering problem for cavities with an artificial obstacle
The interior inverse scattering by an impenetrable cavity is considered. Both the sources and the measurements are placed on a curve or surface inside the cavity. As a rule of thumb, both the direct and the inverse problems suffer from interior eigenvalues. The interior eigenvalues are removed by adding an artificial obstacle with impedance boundary condition to the underlying scattering system...


Superconvergence of discontinuous Galerkin solutions for higher-order ordinary differential equations
In this paper, we study the superconvergence properties of the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method applied to one-dimensional m t h -order ordinary differential equations without introducing auxiliary variables. we show that the leading term of the discretization error on each element is proportional to a combination of Jacobi polynomials. Thus, the p-degree DG solution is O ( h p + ...
Fast ESPRIT algorithms based on partial singular value decompositions
Let h ( x ) be a nonincreasing exponential sum of order M. For N given noisy sampled values h n = h ( n ) + e n ( n = 0 , … , N − 1 ) with error terms e n , all parameters of h ( x ) can be estimated by the known ESPRIT (Estimation of Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques) method. The ESPRIT method is based on singular value decomposition (SVD) of...


Numerical solution for the anisotropic Willmore flow of graphs
The Willmore flow is well known problem from the differential geometry. It minimizes the Willmore functional defined as integral of the mean-curvature square over given manifold. For the graph formulation, we derive modification of the Willmore flow with anisotropic mean curvature. We define the weak solution and we prove an energy equality. We approximate the solution numerically by the comple...
Theoretical Study of Size Effects on Surface Chemical Properties for Nanoscale Diamond Particles
Nanodiamond has displayed some unique physical and chemical properties compared to bulk diamond, which broadens its applications in various areas. However, a more detailed picture of nanodiamond quantum confinements is still missing from a theoretical point of view. This investigation presents a study where the effects of one-dimension (i.e., diamond thin films) and three-dimension (i.e., nanod...


Candidate Gene Identification for a Lethal Chlorophyll-Deficient Mutant in Soybean
Chlorophyll-deficient mutants have been studied persistently to understand genetic mechanisms controlling metabolic pathways. A spontaneous chlorophyll-deficient lethal mutant was observed in self-pollinated progeny of a soybean cultivar “BSR 101”. Observed segregation patterns indicated single-gene recessive inheritance for this lethal-yellow mutant. The objectives of this investigation we...
Preeclampsia Is Associated with Lower Production of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor by Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells
Recent studies show that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) downregulation is implicated in preeclampsia (PE) pathophysiology. This study assessed the relationship between PE and VEGF levels produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and their serum levels. A cross-sectional design was performed in 36 patients who had hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. We also used a lo...

Influence of Clinical and Sociodemographic Characteristics on Early Intervention Enrollment After NICU Discharge
This study aims to characterize participation of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) graduates in early intervention (EI). We used data from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study. We fit models of days from referral to Individualized Family Service Plan creation (plan time), days from referral to initiation of services (service time), and parent-reported effort to enroll their chil...
Role of calcium channels in cellular antituberculosis effects: Potential of voltage-gated calcium-channel blockers in tuberculosis therapy
The immunity of human immune cells and their ability to inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) are key factors in the anti-MTB effect. However, MTB modulates the levels and activity of key intracellular second messengers, such as calcium, to evade protective immune responses. Recent studies suggest that inhibiting L-type calcium channel in immune cells using either antibodies or small interfe...

Management of multipartite genomes: the Vibrio cholerae model
A minority of bacterial species has been found to carry a genome divided among several chromosomes. among these, all Vibrio species harbor a genome split into two chromosomes of uneven size, with distinctive replication origins whose replication firing involves common and specific factors. Most of our current knowledge on replication and segregation in multi-chromosome bacteria has come from th...
Baby boomer caregiver and dementia caregiving: findings from the National Study of Caregiving
Previous studies have well documented the characteristics of baby boomers but less is known about the experiences of boomer caregivers (CGs) of people with dementia. the purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of boomer CGs of people with dementia with those of boomer CGs for people without dementia and to ascertain factors associated with outcomes. we selected baby boomer CGs ...

Lysosomal enzyme cathepsin B enhances the aggregate forming activity of exogenous α-synuclein fibrils
The formation of intracellular aggregates containing α-synuclein (α-Syn) is one of the key steps in the progression of Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Recently, it was reported that pathological α-Syn fibrils can undergo cell-to-cell transmission and form Lewy body-like aggregates. However, little is known about how they form α-Syn aggregates from fibril seeds. Here, we d...
Coronary collateral circulation in patients with chronic coronary total occlusion; its relationship with cardiac risk markers and SYNTAX score
Compared to patients without a collateral supply, long-term cardiac mortality is reduced in patients with well-developed coronary collateral circulation (CCC). Cardiovascular risk markers, such as N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) are independent predictors for cardiovascular mortality...
Efficacy of different chemical and biological products in the control of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae on kiwifruit
The recent outbreak of bacterial canker on kiwifruit, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, has caused considerable damage to the international kiwifruit industry. Commercial products, and products under development, were evaluated over 2 years to assess their ability to control bacterial canker on kiwifruit under controlled conditions. The results were compared with two trials carrie...
In vivo gene silencing following non-invasive siRNA delivery into the skin using a novel topical formulation
Therapeutics based on short interfering RNA (siRNA), which act by inhibiting the expression of target transcripts, represent a novel class of potent and highly specific next-generation treatments for human skin diseases. Unfortunately, the intrinsic barrier properties of the skin combined with the large size and negative charge of siRNAs make epidermal delivery of these macromolecules quite cha...