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Instantaneous threat detection based on a semantic representation of activities, zones and trajectories
Threat detection is a challenging problem, because threats appear in many variations and differences to normal behaviour can be very subtle. In this paper, we consider threats on a parking lot, where theft of a truck’s cargo occurs. The threats range from explicit, e.g. a person attacking the truck driver, to implicit, e.g. somebody loitering and then fiddling with the exterior of the truck i...


Improved mean shift target tracking based on self-organizing maps
Thanks to its simplicity and real-time processing possibility, mean shift has been widely used for video tracking. However, it often fails when the background is similar to the intended object or when the object is partially or completely occluded. To address these two problems, in this paper we propose a novel algorithm based on mean shift by exploring simultaneously the temporal and spatial i...
Access to care based on state nurse practitioner practice regulation: Secondary data analysis results in the Medicare population
To examine access to care in the Medicare population based on state nurse practitioner (NP) practice regulation. Data sourcesSecondary data analysis of the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey Access to Care 2011 dataset. Items used to measure access to care were usual source of care, appointment waiting times, and difficulties encountered. States were designated as full, reduced, or restricted ...


Incentivizing shared decision making in the USA – where are we now?
The Affordable Care Act raised significant interest in the process of shared decision making, the role of patient decision aids, and incentivizing their utilization. However, it has not been clear how best to put incentives into practice, and how the implementation of shared decision making and the use of patient decision aids would be measured. Our goal was to review developments and proposals...
Peak muscle mass in young men and sarcopenia in the ageing male
The prevalence of sarcopenia increases with age. The diagnosis of sarcopenia relies in part on normative data on muscle mass, but these data are lacking. This study provides population-based reference data on muscle mass in young men, and these results may be used clinically for the diagnosis of sarcopenia in men. The ageing population increases the prevalence of sarcopenia. Estimation of norma...


Two brothers’ alleged paternity for a child: who is the father?
In paternity cases where individuals are close relatives, it may be necessary to evaluate mother’s DNA profile (trio test) and to increase the number of polymorphic STR loci that are analyzed. In our case, two alleged fathers who are brothers and the child (duo case) were analyzed based on 20 STR loci; however, no exclusions could be achieved. Then trio test (with mother) was performed using ...
Comparative genomic approach reveals novel conserved microRNAs in Inner Mongolia cashmere goat skin and longissimus dorsi
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a large class of non-coding RNA which usually acts a fine-tuned regulation in repressing gene expression on transcriptional and post-transcriptional level during ontogenetic development, metabolism, and occurrence of disease. Due to the lateness of goat genome investigation, registered goat microRNAs are little known and the function of it is poorly understood. In this study...

Poverty and health care demand in Kenya
There is a wide range of actions an individual could take when sick or injured such as self?care, consulting a traditional healer, or seeking treatment from a private or public health care facility. The specific action taken is influenced by individual characteristics, provider characteristics, societal factors, and geographical factors. A key individual characteristic is the ability to afford ...
A multilocus phylogeny of archiheterodont bivalves (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Archiheterodonta)
The bivalve clade Heterodonta encompasses more than half of the extant bivalve species and is presently considered a derived group of the modern bivalves (Newell ; Waller ). Heterodonta is subdivided into two major lineages, the hyperdiverse Euheterodonta and Archiheterodonta. The latter comprises four relatively small extant families: Astartidae, Carditidae, Condylocardiidae and Crassatellidae...

Out of South America: phylogeny of non-biting midges in the genus Labrundinia suggests multiple dispersal events to Central and North America
Non-biting midges of the genus Labrundinia (Chironomidae: Tanypodinae) are minute dipterans with immature stages living in a variety of unpolluted water bodies, from small streams and ponds to lakes and bays. Extensively recorded in ecological studies, the genus comprises 39 species, all except one described from areas outside the Palearctic region. Internal structure among Labrundinia species ...
Rectal cancer surgery in older people does not increase postoperative complications - a retrospective analysis
Rectal cancer surgery in the older population remains a highly controversial topic. The present study was designed to assess whether older patients had an increased risk for postoperative complications after rectal resection for malignancies. Consecutive patients (n =627), who underwent rectal cancer resection at a single institution, were included in the study and analyzed retrospectively. Sho...

Inertness criterion for gas-chromatographic systems
For evaluating the inertness of gas-chromatographic systems with respect to the polar components of test samples as the most important parameter of these samples, it was proposed to decrease the number of test mixture components to two but to perform the analysis of their solutions of different concentrations in contrast to previously known recommendations. Statistically significant differences...
The use of thermal desorption in the speciation analysis of mercury in soil, sediments and tailings
The thermal desorption of mercury from the solid phase coupled with atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is useful and simple method of mercury speciation analysis of the environmental samples. The present work is focused on the mercury desorption use for soil, sediments and tailings study. The extensive experimental material of many authors was summarized in this work with regard to a critical...
Application of tartrazine for sensitive and selective kinetic determination of Cu(II) traces
An efficient, highly sensitive, fast and selective kinetic method for determination of traces of Cu(II) was developed and applied for its quantification in different real samples. The method was based on the catalytic effect of Cu(II) traces on the redox reaction of artificial azo-dye tartrazine (tri-sodium-5-hydroxy-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]pyrazole-3-carboxylate) with H2O2. The...
Simultaneous cyclic-injection spectrophotometric determination of aluminum and iron in petroleum products
A procedure is developed for the cyclic-injection spectrophotometric determination of iron and aluminum in petroleum products; it includes microwave sample mineralization followed by the determination of analytes as their complexes with Chrome Azurol S at pH 5. The classical least-squares technique is used for the simultaneous determination of iron and aluminum. The analytical range for element...