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Geochemistry of alkylbenzenes in the Paleozoic oils from the Tarim Basin, NW China
Monoaromatic hydrocarbons (alkylbenzenes) in Paleozoic oils/condensates from the Tarim Basin were quantitatively analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Their relative abundances and distributions show large variation, which are most likely controlled by the temperature and duration of the catagenesis stage of petroleum maturation. Relatively high abundance of long chain linear sub...


A Review of the Relationship Between Poststroke Fatigue and Physical Activity
In recent years, poststroke fatigue has received attention for being considered a multidimensional construct and a common and debilitating complain. and :Review studies that can possibly determine the relationship between fatigue after stroke and physical activity and/or physical fitness. Search was carried out using key words “stroke” and “physical activity, physical factors, physical fi...
Effect of the Body Weight Support Associated to Treadmill Approach in Parkinson Disease
Physical therapy may be of great importance in Parkinson disease. The objective of the study is to analyze the gait in patients with Parkinson disease treated with an equipment of body weight support associated with a treadmill as compared with the conventional physical therapy. All subjects presented lower fatigue at the last session than at baseline. The body weight support associated with a ...


Effect of the Ai-Chi Method on Functional Activity, Quality of Life, and Posture in Patients With Parkinson Disease
To evaluate the effect of the Ai-Chi method on the functional activities, quality of life, and posture in patients with Parkinson disease. The sample was divided into 2 groups: intervention (Ai-Chi method exercises; n = 8) and control group (without exercises; n = 7). Subjects were assessed for functional activities (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale), quality of life (39-item Parkinson'...
Functional Performance and Quality of Life in Institutionalized Elderly Individuals
Functional capacity and quality of life were evaluated in 43 institutionalized elderly people. Physical therapy interventions were performed for 30 minutes each week followed by reassessment after 16 weeks through the Functional Independence Measure and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaires. were analyzed using a paired t test (P ≥ .05). Functional independence and...


Comparison Between Strength and Power Training on Elderly Force-Generating Ability
The aim was to compare the effects of 12 weeks of strength and power training on peak torque, rate of torque development, and dynamic force in elderly people. Thirty-four elderly people were divided into strength training (ST) (n = 13; 67 ± 10.2 years), power training (PT) (n = 10; 63.3 ± 3 years), and control group (n = 11; 65 ± 1.75 years). The 2-way analysis of variance showed that dynami...
The Effects of a Perturbation-Based Balance Training on Neuromuscular Recruitment and Functional Mobility in Community-Dwelling Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial
The study aimed to evaluate a perturbation-based balance training program designed to target neuromuscular recruitment and functional mobility in older women. Older women were divided into exercise group (6-week balance training) and control group. Timed Up & Go test, central activation failure of ankle muscles, and electromyographic activity from 6 lower-limb muscles were assessed during postu...

Stretching—An Important Strategy to Prevent Musculoskeletal Aging: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
This study aimed to review systematically the available evidence on the effects of stretching exercise on musculoskeletal function of the elderly individuals. The search was performed in 4 databases. Twenty-four controlled clinical trials were included and the methodological qualities were measured using the JADAD scale. Stretching exercise improved gait speed (P = .04), range of motion of hip ...
Effects of Video Game Training on the Musculoskeletal Function of Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of video game exercise training (VGET) on the musculoskeletal function of older adults. The review was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS, WEB OF SCIENCE, WEB OF KNOWLEDGE, PEDro, and Cochrane CENTRAL. Sixteen controlled clinical trials were included, and the risks of bias were measured using the JADAD scale. There was no evi...

Experimental platforms for behavioral experiments on social-ecological systems
Recently, there has been an increased interest in using behavioral experiments to study hypotheses on the governance of social-ecological systems. A diversity of software tools are used to implement such experiments. We evaluated various publicly available platforms that could be used in research and education on the governance of social-ecological systems. The aims of the various platforms are...
Rat eradication and the resistance and resilience of passerine bird assemblages in the Falkland Islands
Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) were introduced to the Falkland Islands and are detrimental to native passerines. Rat eradication programs are being used to help protect the avifauna. The present study assesses the effectiveness of eradication programs while using this conservation practice as a natural experiment to explore the ecological resistance, resilience, and homeostasis of bird communi...

Untangling human and environmental effects on geographic gradients of mammal species richness: a global and regional evaluation
Different hypotheses (geographic, ecological, evolutionary or a combination of them) have been suggested to account for the spatial variation in species richness. However, the relative importance of environment and human impacts in explaining these patterns, either globally or at the biogeographic region level, remains largely unexplored. Here we jointly evaluate how current environmental condi...
Radiation sensitivity and EPR dosimetric potential of gallic acid and its esters
In the preset work the radiation sensitivities of Gallic Acid anhydrous and monohydrate, Octyl, Lauryl, and Ethyl Gallate (GA, GAm, OG, LG, and EG) were investigated in the intermediate (0.5–20kGy) and low radiation (<10Gy) dose range using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. While OG, LG, and EG are presented a singlet EPR spectra, their radiation sensitivity found to ...
Effect of metformin therapy and dietary supplements on semen parameters in hyperinsulinaemic males
Previous reports indicated that hyperinsulinaemic men may exhibit a higher percentage of poorly compacted DNA in their spermatozoa and less success in an IVF programme (Andrologia, 45, 2003, 18; Andrologia, 2014, doi: 10.1111/and.12227). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of metformin (Glucophage®) and antioxidant treatment (StaminoGro®) on the semen parameters of hyperinsuli...
Age of onset and the subclassification of conduct/dissocial disorder
Conduct Disorder (CD) is a markedly heterogeneous psychiatric condition. Moffitt (1993) proposed that subclassification of CD should be according to age of onset. Our goals were to compare childhood-onset and adolescent-onset CD in terms of differences in phenotypic risk factors, genetic analyses, and factors associated with the persistence of antisocial behavior into young adulthood. The data ...